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Modeling and Validation of Base Pressure for Aerodynamic Vehicles Based on Machine Learning Models

Jaimon Dennis Quadros1, Sher Afghan Khan2, Abdul Aabid3,*, Muneer Baig3

1 Senior Lecturer of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bolton, RAK Academic Center, Ras Al Khaimah, 16038, UAE
2 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Selangor, 53100, Malaysia
3 Department of Engineering Management, College of Engineering, Prince Sultan University, Riyadh, 11586, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Abdul Aabid. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Computational Methods in Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2023, 137(3), 2331-2352. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2023.028925

Abstract

The application of abruptly enlarged flows to adjust the drag of aerodynamic vehicles using machine learning models has not been investigated previously. The process variables (Mach number (M), nozzle pressure ratio (η), area ratio (α), and length to diameter ratio (γ )) were numerically explored to address several aspects of this process, namely base pressure (β) and base pressure with cavity (βcav). In this work, the optimal base pressure is determined using the PCA-BAS-ENN based algorithm to modify the base pressure presetting accuracy, thereby regulating the base drag required for smooth flow of aerodynamic vehicles. Based on the identical dataset, the GA-BP and PSO-BP algorithms are also compared to the PCA-BAS-ENN algorithm. The data for training and testing the algorithms was derived using the regression equation developed using the Box-Behnken Design (BBD). The results show that the PCA-BAS-ENN model delivered highly accurate predictions when compared to the other two models. As a result, the advantages of these results are two-fold, providing: (i) a detailed examination of the efficiency of different neural network algorithms in dealing with a genuine aerodynamic problem, and (ii) helpful insights for regulating process variables to improve technological, operational, and financial factors, simultaneously

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Modeling and Validation of Base Pressure for Aerodynamic Vehicles Based on Machine Learning Models

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Cite This Article

Quadros, J. D., Khan, S. A., Aabid, A., Baig, M. (2023). Modeling and Validation of Base Pressure for Aerodynamic Vehicles Based on Machine Learning Models. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 137(3), 2331–2352.



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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