Table of Content

Open Access iconOpen Access

REVIEW

Microglia-precursor cell interactions in health and in pathology

Estela M. MUÑOZ

Instituto de Histología y Embriología de Mendoza Dr. Mario H. Burgos (IHEM), Universidad Nacional de Cuyo (UNCuyo), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Mendoza, Argentina

* Address correspondence to: Estela M. Muñoz, email

BIOCELL 2018, 42(2), 41-46. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2018.07011

Abstract

Until recently, microglia were mainly known as the resident phagocytes of the brain, i.e. the ‘immunological warriors’ of the brain. However, extensive knowledge is being accumulated about the functions of microglia beyond immunity. Nowadays, it is well accepted that microglial cells are highly dynamic and responsive, and that they intervene in a dual manner in many developmental processes that shape the central nervous system, including neurogenesis, gliogenesis, spatial patterning, synaptic formation and elimination, and neural circuit establishment and maturation. The differentiation and the pool of precursor cells were also shown to be under microglia regulation via bidirectional communication. In this concise review, I discuss our recent work in microglia-Pax6+ cell interactions in one of the circumventricular organs, the pineal gland. An analogy with the rest of the central nervous system is also presented. In addition, I briefly examine mechanisms of interaction between microglia and non-microglial cells in both health and disease. New avenues are also introduced, which may lead us to better comprehend the impact of microglia in physiological and pathological conditions.

Keywords


Cite This Article

APA Style
MUÑOZ, E.M. (2018). Microglia-precursor cell interactions in health and in pathology. BIOCELL, 42(2), 41-46. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2018.07011
Vancouver Style
MUÑOZ EM. Microglia-precursor cell interactions in health and in pathology. BIOCELL . 2018;42(2):41-46 https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2018.07011
IEEE Style
E.M. MUÑOZ, "Microglia-precursor cell interactions in health and in pathology," BIOCELL , vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 41-46. 2018. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2018.07011

Citations




cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1975

    View

  • 1062

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link