Vol.46, No.5, 2022, pp.1197-1207, doi:10.32604/biocell.2022.016607
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ARTICLE
Human β-defensin 2 enhances IL-1β production and pyroptosis through P2X7-mediated NLRP3 expression in macrophages
  • PANPAN WANG1,2, GANG LI3, LI GAO1,2, CHUANJIANG ZHAO1,2
1 Department of Periodontology, Guanghua School and Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China
2 Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Guanghua School and Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China
3 Department of Oral Implantology, Delun Dental, Guangzhou, China
* Address correspondence to: Chuanjiang Zhao,
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Cellular Biomechanics in Health and Diseases)
Received 31 March 2021; Accepted 02 May 2021; Issue published 06 January 2022
Abstract
Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss, which is also a high-risk factor for other diseases including oral cancer and cardiovascular disease. Periodontitis is one of the most common type of periodontal diseases. Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of periodontitis. However, the mechanism how IL-1β is produced during periodontitis is still unclear. In the present study, we found that human β-defensin 2 (hBD2) enhances IL-1β production through an LPS-primed human acute monocytic leukemia (THP-1) macrophage model. Inhibition of P2X purinoceptor 7 (P2X7) reduced hBD2-enhanced IL-1β production. Incubation of LPS-primed THP-1 macrophages with potassium chloride also suppressed hBD2-enhanced IL-1β production. Silence of inflammasome adaptor Nod-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) led to reduced hBD2-enhanced IL-1β production. Likewise, inhibition of caspase-1 also resulted in the decrease of IL-1β. Moreover, an ethidium bromide uptake test indicated that hBD2-activated caspase-1 mediated pyroptotic pore formation. Subsequent lactate dehydrogenase detection and flow cytometric analysis indicated that hBD2 also induced pyroptosis. In brief, these findings illustrated not only the mechanism of hBD2 in enhancing the inflammatory response, but also provided novel therapeutic targets for periodontitis.
Keywords
Periodontitis; Human β-defensin 2; IL-1β; Signal transduction; Pyroptosis
Cite This Article
WANG, P., LI, G., GAO, L., ZHAO, C. (2022). Human β-defensin 2 enhances IL-1β production and pyroptosis through P2X7-mediated NLRP3 expression in macrophages. BIOCELL, 46(5), 1197–1207.
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