Vol.46, No.5, 2022, pp.1215-1243, doi:10.32604/biocell.2022.018221
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Prognostic tumor microenvironment gene and the relationship with immune infiltration characteristics in metastatic breast cancer
  • LU YANG1,#, YUN LIU1,#, BOKE ZHANG2, MENGSI YU3, FEN HUANG1, YANG WEN1, JIANGZHENG ZENG1, YANDA LU1, CHANGCHENG YANG1
1 Department of Medical Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University, Haikou, 570102, China
2 Clinical Laboratory Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, Hefei, 230031, China
3 Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, 830054, China
* Address correspondence to: Changcheng Yang, ; Yanda Lu,
# These authors contributed equally to this work
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Tumor Microenvironment and Cytoskeletal Dynamics)
Received 07 July 2021; Accepted 15 September 2021; Issue published 06 January 2022
Abstract
The aim of this study was to reveal genes associated with breast cancer metastasis, to investigate their intrinsic relationship with immune cell infiltration in the tumor microenvironment, and to screen for prognostic biomarkers. Gene expression data of breast cancer patients and their metastases were downloaded from the GEO, TCGA database. R language package was used to screen for differentially expressed genes, enrichment analysis of genes, PPI network construction, and also to elucidate key genes for diagnostic and prognostic survival. Spearman’s r correlation was used to analyze the correlation between key genes and infiltrating immune cells. We screened 25 hub genes, FN1, CLEC5A, ATP8B4, TLR7, LY86, PTGER3 and other genes were differentially expressed in cancer and paraneoplastic tissues. However, patients with higher expression of CD1C, IL-18 breast cancer had a better prognosis in the 10 years survival period, while patients with high expression of FN1, EIF4EBP1 tumors had a worse prognosis. In addition, TP53 and HIF1 genes are closely related to the signaling pathway of breast cancer metastasis. In this study, gene expression of ATP8B4 and CD1C were correlated with cancer tissue infiltration of CD8+ T lymphocytes, while GSE43816, GSE62327 and TCGA databases showed that CD8+ T lymphocytes were closely associated with breast cancer progression. Functional enrichment analysis of genes based on expression differences yielded key genes of prognostic value in the breast cancer microenvironment.
Keywords
Tumor microenvironment; Immune infiltration; Prognostic biomarker; Metastatic breast cancer
Cite This Article
YANG, L., LIU, Y., ZHANG, B., YU, M., HUANG, F. et al. (2022). Prognostic tumor microenvironment gene and the relationship with immune infiltration characteristics in metastatic breast cancer. BIOCELL, 46(5), 1215–1243.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.