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Resonator Rectenna Design Based on Metamaterials for Low-RF Energy Harvesting

Watcharaphon Naktong1, Amnoiy Ruengwaree1,*, Nuchanart Fhafhiem2, Piyaporn Krachodnok3

1 Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi (RMUTT), Pathumthani, 12110, Thailand
2 Department of Telecommunications Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Rajamangala University of Technology Isan, Nakhon Ratchasima, 30000, Thailand
3 School of Telecommunication Engineering, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhonratchasima, 30000, Thailand

* Corresponding Author: Amnoiy Ruengwaree. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Advances in 5G Antenna Designs and Systems)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 68(2), 1731-1750.


In this paper, the design of a resonator rectenna, based on metamaterials and capable of harvesting radio-frequency energy at 2.45 GHz to power any low-power devices, is presented. The proposed design uses a simple and inexpensive circuit consisting of a microstrip patch antenna with a mushroom-like electromagnetic band gap (EBG), partially reflective surface (PRS) structure, rectifier circuit, voltage multiplier circuit, and 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi module. The mushroom-like EBG sheet was fabricated on an FR4 substrate surrounding the conventional patch antenna to suppress surface waves so as to enhance the antenna performance. Furthermore, the antenna performance was improved more by utilizing the slotted I-shaped structure as a superstrate called a PRS surface. The enhancement occurred via the reflection of the transmitted power. The proposed rectenna achieved a maximum directive gain of 11.62 dBi covering the industrial, scientific, and medical radio band of 2.40–2.48 GHz. A Wi-Fi 4231 access point transmitted signals in the 2.45 GHz band. The rectenna, located 45 anticlockwise relative to the access point, could achieve a maximum power of 0.53 μW. In this study, the rectenna was fully characterized and charged to low-power devices.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Naktong, W., Ruengwaree, A., Fhafhiem, N., Krachodnok, P. (2021). Resonator rectenna design based on metamaterials for low-rf energy harvesting. Computers, Materials & Continua, 68(2), 1731-1750.
Vancouver Style
Naktong W, Ruengwaree A, Fhafhiem N, Krachodnok P. Resonator rectenna design based on metamaterials for low-rf energy harvesting. Comput Mater Contin. 2021;68(2):1731-1750
IEEE Style
W. Naktong, A. Ruengwaree, N. Fhafhiem, and P. Krachodnok "Resonator Rectenna Design Based on Metamaterials for Low-RF Energy Harvesting," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 1731-1750. 2021.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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