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Semantic Segmentation by Using Down-Sampling and Subpixel Convolution: DSSC-UNet

Young-Man Kwon, Sunghoon Bae, Dong-Keun Chung, Myung-Jae Lim*

Department of Medical IT, Eulji University, 553, Sanseong-daero, Sujeong-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, 13135, Korea

* Corresponding Author: Myung-Jae Lim. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 75(1), 683-696. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.033370

Abstract

Recently, semantic segmentation has been widely applied to image processing, scene understanding, and many others. Especially, in deep learning-based semantic segmentation, the U-Net with convolutional encoder-decoder architecture is a representative model which is proposed for image segmentation in the biomedical field. It used max pooling operation for reducing the size of image and making noise robust. However, instead of reducing the complexity of the model, max pooling has the disadvantage of omitting some information about the image in reducing it. So, this paper used two diagonal elements of down-sampling operation instead of it. We think that the down-sampling feature maps have more information intrinsically than max pooling feature maps because of keeping the Nyquist theorem and extracting the latent information from them. In addition, this paper used two other diagonal elements for the skip connection. In decoding, we used Subpixel Convolution rather than transposed convolution to efficiently decode the encoded feature maps. Including all the ideas, this paper proposed the new encoder-decoder model called Down-Sampling and Subpixel Convolution U-Net (DSSC-UNet). To prove the better performance of the proposed model, this paper measured the performance of the U-Net and DSSC-UNet on the Cityscapes. As a result, DSSC-UNet achieved 89.6% Mean Intersection Over Union (Mean-IoU) and U-Net achieved 85.6% Mean-IoU, confirming that DSSC-UNet achieved better performance.

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APA Style
Kwon, Y., Bae, S., Chung, D., Lim, M. (2023). Semantic segmentation by using down-sampling and subpixel convolution: dssc-unet. Computers, Materials & Continua, 75(1), 683-696. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.033370
Vancouver Style
Kwon Y, Bae S, Chung D, Lim M. Semantic segmentation by using down-sampling and subpixel convolution: dssc-unet. Comput Mater Contin. 2023;75(1):683-696 https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.033370
IEEE Style
Y. Kwon, S. Bae, D. Chung, and M. Lim "Semantic Segmentation by Using Down-Sampling and Subpixel Convolution: DSSC-UNet," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 683-696. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.033370



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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