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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Nuclei Segmentation in Histopathology Images Using Structure-Preserving Color Normalization Based Ensemble Deep Learning Frameworks

    Manas Ranjan Prusty1, Rishi Dinesh2, Hariket Sukesh Kumar Sheth2, Alapati Lakshmi Viswanath2, Sandeep Kumar Satapathy2,3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 3077-3094, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042718

    Abstract This paper presents a novel computerized technique for the segmentation of nuclei in hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stained histopathology images. The purpose of this study is to overcome the challenges faced in automated nuclei segmentation due to the diversity of nuclei structures that arise from differences in tissue types and staining protocols, as well as the segmentation of variable-sized and overlapping nuclei. To this extent, the approach proposed in this study uses an ensemble of the UNet architecture with various Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) architectures as encoder backbones, along with stain normalization and test time augmentation, to improve segmentation accuracy.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Advancing Brain Tumor Analysis through Dynamic Hierarchical Attention for Improved Segmentation and Survival Prognosis

    S. Kannan1,*, S. Anusuya2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 3835-3851, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042465

    Abstract Gliomas, the most prevalent primary brain tumors, require accurate segmentation for diagnosis and risk assessment. In this paper, we develop a novel deep learning-based method, the Dynamic Hierarchical Attention for Improved Segmentation and Survival Prognosis (DHA-ISSP) model. The DHA-ISSP model combines a three-band 3D convolutional neural network (CNN) U-Net architecture with dynamic hierarchical attention mechanisms, enabling precise tumor segmentation and survival prediction. The DHA-ISSP model captures fine-grained details and contextual information by leveraging attention mechanisms at multiple levels, enhancing segmentation accuracy. By achieving remarkable results, our approach surpasses 369 competing teams in the 2020 Multimodal Brain Tumor Segmentation Challenge. With… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhanced 3D Point Cloud Reconstruction for Light Field Microscopy Using U-Net-Based Convolutional Neural Networks

    Shariar Md Imtiaz1, Ki-Chul Kwon1, F. M. Fahmid Hossain1, Md. Biddut Hossain1, Rupali Kiran Shinde1, Sang-Keun Gil2, Nam Kim1,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.3, pp. 2921-2937, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.040205

    Abstract This article describes a novel approach for enhancing the three-dimensional (3D) point cloud reconstruction for light field microscopy (LFM) using U-net architecture-based fully convolutional neural network (CNN). Since the directional view of the LFM is limited, noise and artifacts make it difficult to reconstruct the exact shape of 3D point clouds. The existing methods suffer from these problems due to the self-occlusion of the model. This manuscript proposes a deep fusion learning (DL) method that combines a 3D CNN with a U-Net-based model as a feature extractor. The sub-aperture images obtained from the light field microscopy are aligned to form… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    EMU-Net: Automatic Brain Tumor Segmentation and Classification Using Efficient Modified U-Net

    Mohammed Aly1,*, Abdullah Shawan Alotaibi2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 557-582, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042493

    Abstract Tumor segmentation is a valuable tool for gaining insights into tumors and improving treatment outcomes. Manual segmentation is crucial but time-consuming. Deep learning methods have emerged as key players in automating brain tumor segmentation. In this paper, we propose an efficient modified U-Net architecture, called EMU-Net, which is applied to the BraTS 2020 dataset. Our approach is organized into two distinct phases: classification and segmentation. In this study, our proposed approach encompasses the utilization of the gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) as the feature extraction algorithm, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) as the classification algorithm, and the chi-square method for feature selection.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Image to Image Translation Based on Differential Image Pix2Pix Model

    Xi Zhao1, Haizheng Yu1,*, Hong Bian2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 181-198, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041479

    Abstract In recent years, Pix2Pix, a model within the domain of GANs, has found widespread application in the field of image-to-image translation. However, traditional Pix2Pix models suffer from significant drawbacks in image generation, such as the loss of important information features during the encoding and decoding processes, as well as a lack of constraints during the training process. To address these issues and improve the quality of Pix2Pix-generated images, this paper introduces two key enhancements. Firstly, to reduce information loss during encoding and decoding, we utilize the U-Net++ network as the generator for the Pix2Pix model, incorporating denser skip-connection to minimize… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    SC-Net: A New U-Net Network for Hippocampus Segmentation

    Xinyi Xiao, Dongbo Pan*, Jianjun Yuan

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 3179-3191, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.041208

    Abstract Neurological disorders like Alzheimer’s disease have a significant impact on the lives and health of the elderly as the aging population continues to grow. Doctors can achieve effective prevention and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease according to the morphological volume of hippocampus. General segmentation techniques frequently fail to produce satisfactory results due to hippocampus’s small size, complex structure, and fuzzy edges. We develop a new SC-Net model using complete brain MRI images to achieve high-precision segmentation of hippocampal structures. The proposed network improves the accuracy of hippocampal structural segmentation by retaining the original location information of the hippocampus. Extensive experimental results… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A New Method for Image Tamper Detection Based on an Improved U-Net

    Jie Zhang, Jianxun Zhang*, Bowen Li, Jie Cao, Yifan Guo

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 2883-2895, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.039805

    Abstract With the improvement of image editing technology, the threshold of image tampering technology decreases, which leads to a decrease in the authenticity of image content. This has also driven research on image forgery detection techniques. In this paper, a U-Net with multiple sensory field feature extraction (MSCU-Net) for image forgery detection is proposed. The proposed MSCU-Net is an end-to-end image essential attribute segmentation network that can perform image forgery detection without any pre-processing or post-processing. MSCU-Net replaces the single-scale convolution module in the original network with an improved multiple perceptual field convolution module so that the decoder can synthesize the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Pancreas Segmentation Optimization Based on Coarse-to-Fine Scheme

    Xu Yao1,2, Chengjian Qiu1, Yuqing Song1, Zhe Liu1,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 2583-2594, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.037205

    Abstract As the pancreas only occupies a small region in the whole abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans and has high variability in shape, location and size, deep neural networks in automatic pancreas segmentation task can be easily confused by the complex and variable background. To alleviate these issues, this paper proposes a novel pancreas segmentation optimization based on the coarse-to-fine structure, in which the coarse stage is responsible for increasing the proportion of the target region in the input image through the minimum bounding box, and the fine is for improving the accuracy of pancreas segmentation by enhancing the data diversity… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    HIUNET: A Hybrid Inception U-Net for Diagnosis of Diabetic Retinopathy

    S. Deva Kumar, S. Venkatramaphanikumar*, K. Venkata Krishna Kishore

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 1013-1032, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.038165

    Abstract Type 2 diabetes patients often suffer from microvascular complications of diabetes. These complications, in turn, often lead to vision impairment. Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) detection in its early stage can rescue people from long-term complications that could lead to permanent blindness. In this study, we propose a complex deep convolutional neural network architecture with an inception module for automated diagnosis of DR. The proposed novel Hybrid Inception U-Net (HIUNET) comprises various inception modules connected in the U-Net fashion using activation maximization and filter map to produce the image mask. First, inception blocks were used to enlarge the model’s width by substituting… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A New Hybrid Model for Segmentation of the Skin Lesion Based on Residual Attention U-Net

    Saleh Naif Almuayqil1, Reham Arnous2,*, Noha Sakr3, Magdy M. Fadel3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 5177-5192, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038625

    Abstract Skin segmentation participates significantly in various biomedical applications, such as skin cancer identification and skin lesion detection. This paper presents a novel framework for segmenting the skin. The framework contains two main stages: The first stage is for removing different types of noises from the dermoscopic images, such as hair, speckle, and impulse noise, and the second stage is for segmentation of the dermoscopic images using an attention residual U-shaped Network (U-Net). The framework uses variational Autoencoders (VAEs) for removing the hair noises, the Generative Adversarial Denoising Network (DGAN-Net), the Denoising U-shaped U-Net (D-U-NET), and Batch Renormalization U-Net (Br-U-NET) for… More >

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