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Impact of Fuzzy Normalization on Clustering Microarray Temporal Datasets Using Cuckoo Search

Swathypriyadharsini P1,∗, K.Premalatha2,†

1 Research Scholar, Anna University, Chennai, India
2 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Erode, India

* Corresponding Authors: E-mail: email
† E-mail: email

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2020, 35(1), 39-50. https://doi.org/10.32604/csse.2020.35.039

Abstract

Microarrays have reformed biotechnological research in the past decade. Deciphering the hidden patterns in gene expression data proffers a prodigious preference to strengthen the understanding of functional genomics. The complexity of biological networks with larger volume of genes also increases the challenges of comprehending and interpretation of the resulting mass of data. Clustering addresses these challenges, which is essential in the data mining process to reveal natural structures and identify interesting patterns in the underlying data. The clustering of gene expression data has been proven to be useful in making known the natural structure inherent in gene expression data, understanding gene functions, cellular processes, and molecular functions. Clustering techniques are used to examine gene expression data to extract groups of genes from the tested samples based on a similarity criterion. Subspace clustering broadens the traditional clustering by extracting the groups of genes that are highly correlated in different subspace within the dataset. Mining the temporal patterns in high dimensional data is done with computational effort and thus normalization is needed. In this work, normalization using fuzzy logic is applied to the data before clustering. The multi-objective cuckoo search optimization is implemented to extract co-expressed genes over different subspaces. The proposed methods are applied to the real life temporal gene expression datasets in which it extracts the genes that are responsible for the disease grouped in a same cluster. The experiment results prove that the impact of fuzzy normalization on the dataset improves the clustering.

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Cite This Article

S. P and K. , "Impact of fuzzy normalization on clustering microarray temporal datasets using cuckoo search," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 35, no.1, pp. 39–50, 2020.

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cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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