Open Access iconOpen Access



Power Scheduling with Max User Comfort in Smart Home: Performance Analysis and Tradeoffs

Muhammad Irfan1, Ch. Anwar Ul Hassan2, Faisal Althobiani3, Nasir Ayub4,*, Raja Jalees Ul Hussen Khan5, Emad Ismat Ghandourah6, Majid A. Almas7, Saleh Mohammed Ghonaim3, V. R. Shamji3, Saifur Rahman1

1 Electrical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Najran University, Najran, 61441, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Creative Technologies, Air University Islamabad, 44000, Islamabad, Pakistan
3 Faculty of Maritime Studies, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Software Engineering, Captial University of Science and Technology, 44000, Islamabad, Pakistan
5 Department of Software Engineering, Superior University Lahore, 53400, Pakistan
6 Nuclear Engineering Department, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
7 Marine Engineering Department, Faculty of Maritime Studies, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Nasir Ayub. Email: email

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2023, 46(2), 1723-1740.


The smart grid has enabled users to control their home energy more effectively and efficiently. A home energy management system (HEM) is a challenging task because this requires the most effective scheduling of intelligent home appliances to save energy. Here, we presented a meta-heuristic-based HEM system that integrates the Greywolf Algorithm (GWA) and Harmony Search Algorithms (HSA). Moreover, a fusion initiated on HSA and GWA operators is used to optimize energy intake. Furthermore, many knapsacks are being utilized to ensure that peak-hour load usage for electricity customers does not surpass a certain edge. Hybridization has proven beneficial in achieving numerous objectives simultaneously, decreasing the peak-to-average ratio and power prices. Widespread MATLAB simulations are cast-off to evaluate the routine of the anticipated method, Harmony GWA (HGWA). The simulations are for a multi-family housing complex outfitted with various cool gadgets. The simulation results indicate that GWA functions better regarding cost savings than HSA. In reputes of PAR, HSA is significantly more effective than GWA. The suggested method reduces costs for single and ten-house construction by up to 2200.3 PKR, as opposed to 503.4 in GWA, 398.10 in HSA and 640.3 in HGWA. The suggested approach performed better than HSA and GWA in PAR reduction. For single-family homes in HGWA, GWA and HSA, the reduction in PAR is 45.79%, 21.92% and 20.54%, respectively. The hybrid approach, however, performs better than the currently used nature-inspired techniques in terms of Cost and PAR.


Cite This Article

M. Irfan, C. A. U. Hassan, F. Althobiani, N. Ayub, R. J. Ul Hussen Khan et al., "Power scheduling with max user comfort in smart home: performance analysis and tradeoffs," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 46, no.2, pp. 1723–1740, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 723


  • 403


  • 0


Share Link