Open Access iconOpen Access



Quantifying Contribution of DER-Integrated EV Parking Lots to Reliability of Power Distribution Systems

Bo Zeng*, Yixian Liu, Yangfan Luo

State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University, Beijing, 102206, China

* Corresponding Author: Bo Zeng. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in Modern Electric Power and Energy Systems)

Energy Engineering 2021, 118(6), 1713-1728.


In the future smart cities, parking lots (PLs) can accommodate hundreds of electric vehicles (EVs) at the same time. This trend creates an opportunity for PLs to serve as a potential flexibility resource, considering growing penetration of EVs and integration of distributed energy resources DER (such as photovoltaic and energy storages). Given this background, this paper proposes a comprehensive evaluation framework to investigate the potential role of DER-integrated PLs (DPL) with the capability of vehicle-to-grid (V2G) in improving the reliability of the distribution network. For this aim, first, an overview for the distribution system with DPLs is provided. Then, a generic model for the available generation capacity (AGC) of DPLs with consideration of EV scheduling strategy is developed. On the above basis, an iterative-based algorithm leveraging sequential Monte Carlo simulation is presented to quantify the contribution of DPLs to the reliability of the system. In order to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, a series of numerical studies are carried out. The simulation results show that the integration of DPLs with the V2G capability could help to improve the reliability performance of distribution grid to a great extent and reduce the adverse impact incurred by EV accommodation, if utilized properly.


Cite This Article

Zeng, B., Liu, Y., Luo, Y. (2021). Quantifying Contribution of DER-Integrated EV Parking Lots to Reliability of Power Distribution Systems. Energy Engineering, 118(6), 1713–1728.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 2224


  • 1271


  • 0


Share Link