Vol.34, No.3, 2022, pp.1473-1488, doi:10.32604/iasc.2022.029657
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Consensus Mechanism of Blockchain Based on PoR with Data Deduplication
  • Wei Zhou1, Hao Wang2, Ghulam Mohiuddin3, Dan Chen4,*, Yongjun Ren1
1 Engineering Research Center of Digital Forensics of Ministry of Education, School of Computer Science, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing, 210044, China
2 Shenzhen Research Institute, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Shenzhen, 518000, China
3 Department of Cyber Security at VaporVM, Abu Dhabi, 999041, United Arab Emirates
4 School of Computer Engineering, Jiangsu University of Technology, Changzhou, 213001, China
* Corresponding Author: Dan Chen. Email:
Received 08 March 2022; Accepted 14 April 2022; Issue published 25 May 2022
Abstract
As the basis of cloud computing, distributed storage technology mainly studies how data centers store, organize and manage data. Blockchain has become the most secure solution for cloud storage due to its decentralization and immutability. Consensus mechanism is one of the core technologies of blockchain, which affects the transaction processing capability, security and scalability of blockchain. The current mainstream consensus algorithms such as Proof of Work, Proof of Stake, and Delegated Proof of Stake all have the problem of wasting resources. And with the explosive growth of data, cloud storage nodes store a large amount of redundant data, which inevitably increases storage overhead and computing cost. To this end, we propose to use the Proof of Retrievability with deduplication algorithm as the consensus mechanism of the blockchain system and design a blockchain consensus protocol suitable for distributed storage. First, the data integrity verification protocol in the scheme guarantees that storage nodes correctly store the data they promise to store. Second, the deduplication algorithm in the protocol can optimize data auditing, greatly reduce the need for data storage space, and improve the scalability of data transmission. In addition, the scheme uses ring signatures in the audit process to ensure user anonymity and data unlinkability, while providing highly reliable data storage, and ensuring data storage security through blockchain. Finally, we demonstrate the security of the proposed scheme and evaluate its performance. The evaluation results show that our scheme is efficient and scalable.
Keywords
Integrity verification; consensus; blockchain; deduplication
Cite This Article
W. Zhou, H. Wang, G. Mohiuddin, D. Chen and Y. Ren, "Consensus mechanism of blockchain based on por with data deduplication," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 34, no.3, pp. 1473–1488, 2022.
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