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Hybrid Optimized PI Controller Design for Grid Tied PV Based Electric Vehicle

J. Aran Glenn1,*, Srinivasan Alavandar2

1 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, AMET Deemed to be University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Agni College of Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

* Corresponding Author: J. Aran Glenn. Email: email

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2023, 36(2), 1523-1545. https://doi.org/10.32604/iasc.2023.033545

Abstract

Nowadays, researchers are becoming increasingly concerned about developing a highly efficient emission free transportation and energy generation system for addressing the pressing issue of environmental crisis in the form of pollution and climate change. The introduction of Electric Vehicles (EVs) solves the challenge of emission-free transportation while the necessity for decarbonized energy production is fulfilled by the installation and expansion of solar-powered Photovoltaic (PV) systems. Hence, this paper focuses on designing an effective PV based EV charging system that aids in stepping towards the achievement of a pollution free future. For overcoming the inherent intermittency associated with PV, a novel DC-DC converter is designed by integrating both Trans Z-source converter and Luo converter, which offers remarkable benefits of high conversion range, lesser voltage stress and excellent efficiency. A novel robust Lion Grey Wolf Optimized Proportional Integral (LGWO-PI) controller is designed for significantly strengthening the operation of the integrated converter in terms of peak overshoot, Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) and settling time. A 3φ Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) is employed to convert the stable DC output from the PV system to AC, which is then used for driving the Brushless Direct Current Motor (BLDC) motor of EV. The speed of the BLDC is regulated using a PI controller. The BLDC motor gets the power supply from the grid during the unavailability of PV based power supply. The grid is integrated with the designed EV charging system through a 1φ VSI and the process of grid voltage synchronization is carried out with the application of PI controller. The simulation for evaluating the operation of the presented EV charging system is done using MATLAB and the attained outcomes have validated that this introduced methodology delivers enhanced performance with optimal efficiency of 97.6% and lesser THD of 2.1%.

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Cite This Article

J. A. Glenn and S. Alavandar, "Hybrid optimized pi controller design for grid tied pv based electric vehicle," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 36, no.2, pp. 1523–1545, 2023.



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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