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Recapitulation Web 3.0: Architecture, Features and Technologies, Opportunities and Challenges

Amtul Waheed, Bhawna Dhupia*, Sultan Mesfer Aldossary

Department of Computer Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Wadi Al Dawasir, 11990, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Bhawna Dhupia. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: The Internet of Everything (IoE) for Intelligent Systems Concepts, Architecture, Standards, Tools, and Applications)

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2023, 37(2), 1609-1620.


Tim Berners-Lee developed the internet at CERN in early 1990 with fundamental technologies such as HTML, URL, and HTTP which became the foundation of the web. The contemporary web we use today has been much advanced over a period of time ever since the innovation of the World Wide Web was introduced. The static web was the first version of the web, which was the read-only web. Succeeding development in web technology is web 3.0 which is a distributed and decentralized web with emerging technologies. This article emphasizes the comparison of important details with the evolution of the web. The paper also demonstrates the transactional architecture of DApps in networks and decentralized state machines. Decentralization, connectivity, the semantic web, augmented reality and artificial intelligence are the significant features of web 3.0 technology. These features are tremendously used in decision-making on critical issues, which are discussed elaborately in the article. The paper provides various technologies to implement web 3.0 efficiently. The evolution of web 3.0 brings forth opportunities and challenges. The opportunities are the ownership of the data and a personalized web browsing experience. The main concerns are security and scalability requirements for blockchain transactions. The article also laid out the challenges that can be considered for further research.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Waheed, A., Dhupia, B., Aldossary, S.M. (2023). Recapitulation web 3.0: architecture, features and technologies, opportunities and challenges. Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, 37(2), 1609-1620.
Vancouver Style
Waheed A, Dhupia B, Aldossary SM. Recapitulation web 3.0: architecture, features and technologies, opportunities and challenges. Intell Automat Soft Comput . 2023;37(2):1609-1620
IEEE Style
A. Waheed, B. Dhupia, and S.M. Aldossary "Recapitulation Web 3.0: Architecture, Features and Technologies, Opportunities and Challenges," Intell. Automat. Soft Comput. , vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 1609-1620. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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