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Strength Performance and Microstructure Characteristic of Naturally-Bonded Fiberboard Composite from Malaysian Bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris)

Shahril Anuar Bahari1, Mohd Nazarudin Zakaria1, Syaiful Osman1, Falah Abu1, Mohamad Jani Saad2, Reza Hosseinpourpia3,*

1 Eco-Technology Program, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam, 40450, Malaysia
2 Engineering Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), Serdang, 43400, Malaysia
3 Department of Forestry and Wood Technology, Linnaeus University, Växjö, 35195, Sweden

* Corresponding Author: Reza Hosseinpourpia. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Functionalization of Wood and Bamboo-Based Materials)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2022, 10(10), 2581-2591. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.021313

Abstract

This study investigated the mechanical properties and microstructural characteristics of fiberboard composite produced by naturally-bonded Malaysian bamboo fiber (Bambusa vulgaris). The components that obtained through soda pulping of bamboo culms such as fiber and black liquor, were used for the preparation of high-density fibreboard composite at two target densities of 850 and 950 kg/m3. The bamboo fiberboard composite (BFC) were then produced at 200°C and two pressing parameters of 125 and 175 s/mm. The mechanical properties, e.g., flexural strength and internal bonding (IB) of BFC samples were evaluated according to BS EN 310: 1993 and BS EN 319: 1993, respectively. It was found that the mechanical performance of the composite with 850 kg/m3 density was significantly higher than 950 kg/m3 ones, especially for the samples with 125 s/mm pressing parameter. Microstructure characteristic of the BFC samples illustrated that the fiber linkages were cracked in the composites with higher density, e.g., the composite with the density of 950 kg/m3 and also black liquor were slightly degraded at longer pressing time, which led to the reduction in mechanical properties, especially in IB strength.

Graphical Abstract

Strength Performance and Microstructure Characteristic of Naturally-Bonded Fiberboard Composite from Malaysian Bamboo (<i>Bambusa vulgaris</i>)

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Bahari, S.A., Zakaria, M.N., Osman, S., Abu, F., Saad, M.J. et al. (2022). Strength performance and microstructure characteristic of naturally-bonded fiberboard composite from malaysian bamboo (bambusa vulgaris). Journal of Renewable Materials, 10(10), 2581-2591. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.021313
Vancouver Style
Bahari SA, Zakaria MN, Osman S, Abu F, Saad MJ, Hosseinpourpia R. Strength performance and microstructure characteristic of naturally-bonded fiberboard composite from malaysian bamboo (bambusa vulgaris). J Renew Mater. 2022;10(10):2581-2591 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.021313
IEEE Style
S.A. Bahari, M.N. Zakaria, S. Osman, F. Abu, M.J. Saad, and R. Hosseinpourpia "Strength Performance and Microstructure Characteristic of Naturally-Bonded Fiberboard Composite from Malaysian Bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris)," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 2581-2591. 2022. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.021313



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