Special Issue "Functionalization of Wood and Bamboo-Based Materials"

Submission Deadline: 31 August 2022
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Guest Editors
Yun Lu, Professor, Research Institute of Wood Industry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, China.
Yun Lu received her Ph.D. in Wood Science and Technology from Northeast Forestry University in 2014. She was a postdoctor with the mentor of Prof. Thomas Rosenau at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU). She is now working as a professor at the Research Institute of Wood Industry, Chinese Academy of Forestry. Her research concentrates on the fundamental research of "Wood structure elucidation, reorganization and functionalization from molecular perspectives".

Kunkun Tu, Institute for Building Materials, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.
Kunkun Tu is a Postdoc in Wood Materials Science group of ETH Zürich. She received her doctoral degree in the same group in 2021. Prior to that, she received her master’s degree from Chinese Academy of Forestry and bachelor’s degree from Nanjing Forestry University. She has published 16 papers so far with total citations over 477 (H-index 11). She has been granted two patents. Her research interests have been focused on the functionalization of wood materials for advanced applications such as gas adsorption and separation, energy harvesting and conversion, and catalysis. She is also interested in functional wood materials characterization with different technics including Raman spectroscopy, Atomic force microscopy, and so on.

Jingpeng Li, Assistant Professor, China National Bamboo Research Center, China.
Jingpeng Li is an assistant professor at the Engineering Technology Research Center for Building and Decorating Materials of Bamboo State Forestry Administration, China National Bamboo Research Center. His current work focuses on the surface functionalization of bamboo and advanced applications of biomass materials. He also works as the guest editor or reviewer for more than 20 SCI journals.


The development of novel functional materials based on renewable resources represents one of the main current challenges in materials science. It is crucial for the transformation towards a sustainable society and to reduce the pressure of mineral resource shortage and anthropogenic environmental deteriorations. Wood and bamboo, as one of the most abundant renewable resources, have raised increasing attention in materials science. Owing to their outstanding mechanical properties, environmental characteristics, and aesthetic appearance, wood and bamboo were widely used as construction or furniture, but not as materials used in high-tech applications in the past.

Nevertheless, in recent years, the breakthroughs around the world on the functionalization of wood and bamboo-based materials epitomize the tremendous yet largely unexplored potential of such materials- a paradigm shift from their conventional usage. The porous hierarchical structure and pronounced anisotropy of wood and bamboo give them a variety of remarkable properties, yielding opportunities for the design of functional materials.

This Special Issue titled “Functionalization of Wood and Bamboo-based Materials” covers various potential topics include but are not limited to the following:

• Functionalization approaches of wood/bamboo by inorganic materials, polymers and organic molecules

• Advanced characterization methods for analyzing functionalized materials such as spectroscopy (Raman and infrared), atomic force microscopy imaging, X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy and so on.

• Advanced applications based on wood and bamboo-based materials including energy storage and conversion, water treatment, gas storage and separation, catalytic reactor, sensor, tissue engineering, electromagnetic shielding, and light and thermal management.

This Special Issue aims to increase the knowledge of wood/bamboo functionalization by collecting the latest research information. We are delighted to invite you to submit your work to contribute to this Special Issue in the form of research articles or reviews.

Wood, Bamboo, Functional materials, Advanced applications, Characterization technologies

Published Papers
  • Microwave Drying of Scots Pine Lumber: Structure Changes, Its Effect on Liquid Permeability
  • Abstract Microwave (MW) drying method was adopted to enhance the liquid permeability of Scots pine lumber. Structure changes were characterized by stereoscope microscope, scanned electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) examination. Pore parameters before and after MW treatment were detected by mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) method, and the effect of structure changes on liquid permeability were analyzed. As stereoscope microscope, SEM and TEM examination results shown, macro and micro checks mainly developed at intercellcular of tracheids, intercellular of ray parenchyma and tracheid, while these checks extend main along the radial-longitudinal plane. Pit border destruction, aspirated pits’ orus translocation and… More
  •   Views:9       Downloads:6        Download PDF

  • Research on the Bending Impact Resistance and Transverse Fracture Characteristics of Bamboo under the Action of Falling Weight
  • Abstract Drop weight impact tester was used to accurately measure the bending impact resistance of various parts of Phyllostachys edulis, commonly known as moso bamboo, with a growth cycle of 3–8 years. Cellulose crystallinity in the bottom (B), middle (M) and top (T) of bamboo at different ages was calculated using peak height analysis in X-ray diffraction. Heatmap of Spearman correlation analysis was used to represent the correlation between chemical composition and impact mechanics. The breaking load (BL), fracture energy (FE) and impact deflection (ID) of 3–8-yearold bamboo were found to be in the range of ~670–2120 N, ~5.17–15.55 J, and… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    Research on the Bending Impact Resistance and Transverse Fracture Characteristics of Bamboo under the Action of Falling Weight
  •   Views:199       Downloads:63        Download PDF

  • A Primary Study on Mechanical Properties of Heat-Treated Wood via in-situ Synthesis of Calcium Carbonate
  • Abstract This study aims to improve the value of fast-growing wood and extend the heat-treated wood utilization using inorganic calcium carbonate (CaCO3) crystals via an in-situ synthesis method. CaCl2 and Na2CO3 solutions with a concentration ratio of 1:1 were successively introduced into the thermally modified poplar wood obtained by steam heat treatment (HT) at 200°C for 1.5 and 3 h, resulting in the in-situ synthesis of CaCO3 crystals inside the heat-treated wood. The filling effect was best at the concentration of 1.2 mol/L. CaCO3 was uniformly distributed in the cell cavities of the heat-treated wood, and some of the crystals were… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    A Primary Study on Mechanical Properties of Heat-Treated Wood via <i>in-situ</i> Synthesis of Calcium Carbonate
  •   Views:353       Downloads:93        Download PDF

  • Physical and Mechanical Properties of Catalpa bungei Clones and Estimation of the Properties by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy
  • Abstract Air-dry density, modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), compressive strength parallel to grain, and hardness of Catalpa bungei clones were investigated in this study with feasibility of predicting these properties by near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. The best candidate ‘Luoqiu 3’ has been selected from three clones based on wood physical and mechanical property indices. Lower values of wood physical and mechanical properties have been found in the corewood compared to the outerwood. There were significant positive correlations between the air-dry density and mechanical properties. Information from cross section for air-dry density, compressive strength parallel to grain, and hardness yielded… More
  •   Views:334       Downloads:156        Download PDF

  • Research on Rosewood Micro Image Classification Method Based on Feature Fusion and ELM
  • Abstract Rosewood is a kind of high-quality and precious wood in China. The correct identification of rosewood species is of great significance to the import and export trade and species identification of furniture materials. In this paper, micro CT was used to obtain the micro images of cross sections, radial sections and tangential sections of 24 kinds of rosewood, and the data sets were constructed. PCA method was used to reduce the dimension of four features including logical binary pattern, local configuration pattern, rotation invariant LBP, uniform LBP. These four features and one feature not reducing dimension (rotation invariant uniform LBP)… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    Research on Rosewood Micro Image Classification Method Based on Feature Fusion and ELM
  •   Views:630       Downloads:214        Download PDF

  • Acoustics Performance Research and Analysis of Light Timber Construction Wall Elements Based on Helmholtz Metasurface
  • Abstract Based on the efficient sound absorption characteristics of Helmholtz resonance structures in the range of medium and low frequency acoustic waves, this paper investigates an effective solution for light timber construction walls with acoustic problems. This study takes the light timber construction wall structure as the research object. Based on the Helmholtz resonance principle, the structure design of the wall unit, impedance tube experiment and COMSOL MULTIPHYSICS simulation calculation were carried out to obtain the change rule of acoustic performance of the Helmholtz resonance wall unit structure. The research results show that the overall stability of sound insulation of the… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    Acoustics Performance Research and Analysis of Light Timber Construction Wall Elements Based on Helmholtz Metasurface
  •   Views:393       Downloads:155        Download PDF

  • Strength Performance and Microstructure Characteristic of Naturally-Bonded Fiberboard Composite from Malaysian Bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris)
  • Abstract This study investigated the mechanical properties and microstructural characteristics of fiberboard composite produced by naturally-bonded Malaysian bamboo fiber (Bambusa vulgaris). The components that obtained through soda pulping of bamboo culms such as fiber and black liquor, were used for the preparation of high-density fibreboard composite at two target densities of 850 and 950 kg/m3. The bamboo fiberboard composite (BFC) were then produced at 200°C and two pressing parameters of 125 and 175 s/mm. The mechanical properties, e.g., flexural strength and internal bonding (IB) of BFC samples were evaluated according to BS EN 310: 1993 and BS EN 319: 1993, respectively. It was… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    Strength Performance and Microstructure Characteristic of Naturally-Bonded Fiberboard Composite from Malaysian Bamboo (<i>Bambusa vulgaris</i>)
  •   Views:216       Downloads:112        Download PDF

  • Engineered Wood/Bamboo Laminated Composites for Outdoor Hydrophilic Platforms: Structural Design and Performance
  • Abstract Landscape designers increasingly prefer to use wood/bamboo-based composites for outdoor hydrophilic platforms owing to their natural surface texture, high performance, and sustainability to facilitate extensive interaction between people and water and enable the full range of ecological functions of water resources. In this study, four laminated composite (LC) structures were designed and manufactured using fluffed bamboo and wood veneers. Their surface textures, profile densities, water resistances, and mechanical properties were then evaluated. The type of fluffed veneer of the surface layer determined the texture of the LC surface. The specific structures of fluffed bamboo and wood veneer laminations were found… More
  •   Views:678       Downloads:245        Download PDF