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Stiffness and Shear Stress Distribution of Glulam Beams in Elastic-Plastic Stage: Theory, Experiments and Numerical Modelling

Lisheng Luo1,*, Xinran Xie1, Yongqiang Zhang1, Xiaofeng Zhang2, Xinyue Cui1
1 Department of Civil Engineering, College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Hainan University, Haikou, China
2 Department of Wooden Structure Construction, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, China
* Corresponding Author: Lisheng Luo. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Wood Composites from Renewable Materials)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(2), 791-809. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.022539

Received 15 March 2022; Accepted 05 May 2022; Issue published 22 September 2022

Abstract

Traditional methods focus on the ultimate bending moment of glulam beams and the fracture failure of materials with defects, which usually depends on empirical parameters. There is no systematic theoretical method to predict the stiffness and shear distribution of glulam beams in elastic-plastic stage, and consequently, the failure of such glulam beams cannot be predicted effectively. To address these issues, an analytical method considering material nonlinearity was proposed for glulam beams, and the calculating equations of deflection and shear stress distribution for different failure modes were established. The proposed method was verified by experiments and numerical models under the corresponding conditions. Results showed that the theoretical calculations were in good agreement with experimental and numerical results, indicating that the equations proposed in this paper were reliable and accurate for such glulam beams with wood material in the elastic-plastic stage ignoring the influence of mechanic properties in radial and tangential directions of wood. Furthermore, the experimental results reported by the previous studies indicated that the method was applicable and could be used as a theoretical reference for predicting the failure of glulam beams.

Graphical Abstract

Stiffness and Shear Stress Distribution of Glulam Beams in Elastic-Plastic Stage: Theory, Experiments and Numerical Modelling

Keywords

Glulam beams; load-deflection relationship; shear stress distribution; elastic-plastic stage; numerical model

Cite This Article

Luo, L., Xie, X., Zhang, Y., Zhang, X., Cui, X. (2023). Stiffness and Shear Stress Distribution of Glulam Beams in Elastic-Plastic Stage: Theory, Experiments and Numerical Modelling. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(2), 791–809.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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