Open Access iconOpen Access

REVIEW

crossmark

A Review on Sources, Extractions and Analysis Methods of a Sustainable Biomaterial: Tannins

Antonio Pizzi1,*, Marie-Pierre Laborie2,3, Zeki Candan4

1 LERMAB, University of Lorraine, Faculty of Sciences, Blvd des Aiguillettes, Nancy, 54000, France
2 Chair of Forest Biomaterials, Institute of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
3 Freiburg Materials Research Center, Alberst Ludwig University of Freiburg, Freiburg, 79104, Germany
4 Department of Forest Products Engineering, Faculty of Forestry, Istanbul University, Sariyer, Istanbul, 34473, Turkey

* Corresponding Author: Antonio Pizzi. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable and Biosourced Adhesives-2023)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2024, 12(3), 397-425. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.046074

Abstract

Condensed and hydrolysable tannins are non-toxic natural polyphenols that are a commercial commodity industrialized for tanning hides to obtain leather and for a growing number of other industrial applications mainly to substitute petroleum-based products. They are a definite class of sustainable materials of the forestry industry. They have been in operation for hundreds of years to manufacture leather and now for a growing number of applications in a variety of other industries, such as wood adhesives, metal coating, pharmaceutical/medical applications and several others. This review presents the main sources, either already or potentially commercial of this forestry by-materials, their industrial and laboratory extraction systems, their systems of analysis with their advantages and drawbacks, be these methods so simple to even appear primitive but nonetheless of proven effectiveness, or very modern and instrumental. It constitutes a basic but essential summary of what is necessary to know of these sustainable materials. In doing so, the review highlights some of the main challenges that remain to be addressed to deliver the quality and economics of tannin supply necessary to fulfill the industrial production requirements for some materials-based uses.

Graphical Abstract

A Review on Sources, Extractions and Analysis Methods of a Sustainable Biomaterial: Tannins

Keywords


Cite This Article

Pizzi, A., Laborie, M., Candan, Z. (2024). A Review on Sources, Extractions and Analysis Methods of a Sustainable Biomaterial: Tannins. Journal of Renewable Materials, 12(3), 397–425.



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 753

    View

  • 239

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link