Vol.8, No.6, 2020, pp.579-601, doi:10.32604/jrm.2020.09455
OPEN ACCESS
REVIEW
Plant Oil-Based Waterborne Polyurethanes: A Brief Review
  • Verónica L. Mucci1, M. E. Victoria Hormaiztegui2, Mirta I. Aranguren1,*
1 Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales (INTEMA), Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (UNMdP)-Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnología (CONICET), Facultad de Ingeniería, Mar del Plata, CP 7600, Argentina
2 Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales (CITEMA), Universidad Tecnológica Nacional (UTN), Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (CIC), Facultad Regional La Plata, Berisso, CP 1923, Argentina
* Corresponding Author: Mirta I. Aranguren. Email: marangur@fi.mdp.edu.ar
Received 17 December 2019; Accepted 24 February 2019; Issue published 12 May 2020
Abstract
The increasing pressure from consumers and policy makers to reduce the use of synthetic polymers, whose production contributes to the depletion of non-renewable resources and are usually non- biodegradable, has prompted the efforts to find suitable bio-based sources for the production of polymers. Vegetable oils have been a frequently spotted in this search because they are versatile, highly available and a low cost liquid biosource, which can be used in the synthesis of a wide plethora of different polymers and reactive monomers. Following the same idea of reducing the environmental stress, the traditional polyurethanes that are soluble in organic solvents have been targeted for replacement, particularly in applications such as adhesives and coatings, in which the solvent is released to the atmosphere increasing the air pollution. Instead, waterborne polyurethanes (WBPU), which are polyurethane dispersions (PUD) prepared in aqueous media, release benign water to the atmosphere during use as supported or self-standing films for different applications. In this brief review, the contributions to the development of WBPUs based on vegetable oils are discussed, focusing mainly on the contributions of the last decade. The synthesis of ionic and nonionic PUDs, their characterization and the properties of the resulting dried materials, as well as derived composite materials are considered.
Keywords
Vegetable oils; polyurethane dispersions (PUD); waterborne polyurethane (WBPU); biopolyols; biopolyurethanes; coatings; adhesives; ink binders
Cite This Article
Mucci, V. L., E., M., Aranguren, M. I. (2020). Plant Oil-Based Waterborne Polyurethanes: A Brief Review. Journal of Renewable Materials, 8(6), 579–601.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.