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On the Onset of Cracks in Arteries

Pullela Mythravaruni1, Konstantin Volokh1,*

1 Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 3200003, Israel.
* Corresponding Author: Konstantin Volokh. Email: cvolokh@technion.ac.il.

Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics 2019, 16(Suppl.2), 87-87. https://doi.org/10.32604/mcb.2019.07274


We present a theoretical approach to study the onset of failure localization into cracks in arterial wall. The arterial wall is a soft composite comprising hydrated ground matrix of proteoglycans reinforced by spatially dispersed elastin and collagen fibers. As any material, the arterial tissue cannot accumulate and dissipate strain energy beyond a critical value. This critical value is enforced in the constitutive theory via energy limiters. The limiters automatically bound reachable stresses and allow examining the mathematical condition of strong ellipticity. Loss of the strong ellipticity physically means inability of material to propagate superimposed waves. The waves cannot propagate because material failure localizes into cracks perpendicular to a possible wave direction. Thus, not only the onset of a crack can be analyzed but also its direction.
We use the recently developed constitutive theories of the arterial wall including 8 and 16 structure tensors to account for the fiber dispersion. We enhance these theories with energy limiters. We examine the loss of strong ellipticity in uniaxial tension in circumferential and axial directions of the arterial wall. We also study the effect of the incompressibility constraint on the analysis of strong ellipticity in uniaxial tension, pure shear and equibiaxial tension. We find that the enforcement of the incompressibility constraint can significantly affect the crack direction.


Cite This Article

Mythravaruni, P., Volokh, K. (2019). On the Onset of Cracks in Arteries. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 16(Suppl.2), 87–87. https://doi.org/10.32604/mcb.2019.07274

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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