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Study of Hepatocytes Polyploidization Peculiarities in Cholestatic Liver of Adult Rats

Salome Kiparoidze1,*, Nino Karumidze2, Ekaterine Bakuradze1, Irina Modebadze1, Levan Rusishvili1, Dimitri Kordzaia2, Diana Dzidziguri1

1 Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
2 Faculty of Medicine, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia

* Corresponding Author: Salome Kiparoidze. Email:

Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics 2021, 18(3), 131-138.


According to the literature, different mechanisms and kinetics proceeding of regenerative growth has been established using the basic models of liver regeneration (after resection or chemically induced). Hence, in order to determine general regularities of the adaptive-compensatory processes in various pathological conditions, the processes taking place in the cholestatic liver of adult white rats during the first four days after common bile duct ligation have been studied. It has been shown that in cholestatic liver, compensatory-adaptive processes take place with different kinetics compared to those after resection. In particular, in response to the increased functional load caused by destructive processes during cholestasis, the liver, at an early stage, responds by simple division of high ploidy (binuclear tetraploid) cells and further provides their quantitative increase. The difference between the processes taking place in cholestatic and resected liver is more expressed on the third and fourth day after common bile duct ligation. In particular, 4c cells are still highest in cholestatic liver, while all ploidy cells are present in equal numbers in the regenerated liver after resection. This fact of compensatory growth characteristic for reparative regeneration was not detected in cholestatic liver at the mentioned date.


Cite This Article

Kiparoidze, S., Karumidze, N., Bakuradze, E., Modebadze, I., Rusishvili, L. et al. (2021). Study of Hepatocytes Polyploidization Peculiarities in Cholestatic Liver of Adult Rats. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 18(3), 131–138.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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