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MicroRNA-155 Downregulation Promotes Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Fu-qiang Zhu*1, Li Zeng†1, Na Tang*, Ya-ping Tang, Bo-ping Zhou*, Fang-fang Li*, Wei-gang Wu*, Xiao-bing Zeng*, Shu-song Peng*

* Department of Pathology, the Second Clinical Medical College of Jinan University, Shenzhen People’s Hospital, Shenzhen, P.R. China
† Department of Gastroenterology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University, the Second People’s Hospital of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, P.R. China
‡ Department of Operation Room of Luohu, Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, P.R. China
1 These authors provided equal contribution to this work.

Oncology Research 2016, 24(6), 415-427. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14685034103473

Abstract

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in the adult population, and treatment of DLBCL is still unfavorable. Therefore, there is an urgent requirement to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying DLBCL tumorigenesis. To study the potential function of microRNA-155 (miR-155) involved in the regulation of lymphoma, we monitored lymphoma cell behavior including proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis using CCK-8 and flow cytometry analysis. Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression levels of miR-155 in 118 lymphoma patients’ tissues, and Western blot was also used to analyze the expression level of proteins correlated with cell cycle and apoptosis in lymphoma cells. miR-155 expression levels were higher in lymphoma tissues compared with adjacent tissues. Downregulation of miR-155 inhibited lymphoma cell progress by arresting cell cycle in the G0/G1 phase and promoting apoptosis. Cell cycle-correlated proteins (cyclin B1, cyclin D1, and CDK4) were inhibited by downregulation of miR-155. Apoptosis-correlated proteins level (Bax/Bcl-2 and caspase 3 activity) were increased by downregulation of miR-155. In addition, a significant inverse correlation between the level of miR-155 and transforming growth factor-β receptor 2 (TGFBR2) was observed, which has been demonstrated to be a novel tumor suppressor gene. A further in vivo tumor formation study in nude mice indicated that downregulation of miR-155 in lymphoma cells delayed the progress of tumor formation. These findings indicate that miR-155 may serve as a useful potential target for the treatment of lymphoma.

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APA Style
Zhu, F., Zeng, L., Tang, N., Tang, Y., Zhou, B. et al. (2016). Microrna-155 downregulation promotes cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in diffuse large b-cell lymphoma. Oncology Research, 24(6), 415-427. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14685034103473
Vancouver Style
Zhu F, Zeng L, Tang N, Tang Y, Zhou B, Li F, et al. Microrna-155 downregulation promotes cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in diffuse large b-cell lymphoma. Oncol Res. 2016;24(6):415-427 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14685034103473
IEEE Style
F. Zhu et al., "MicroRNA-155 Downregulation Promotes Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma," Oncol. Res., vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 415-427. 2016. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14685034103473



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