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MicroRNA-181b Inhibits Cellular Proliferation and Invasion of Glioma Cells via Targeting Sal-Like Protein 4

Yu Zhou, Yong Peng, Min Liu, Yugang Jiang

Department of Neurosurgery, Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China

Oncology Research 2017, 25(6), 947-957. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14791732531006

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRs), a class of noncoding RNAs that are 18–25 nucleotides in length, are able to suppress gene expression by targeting complementary regions of mRNAs and inhibiting protein translation. Recently, miR-181b was found to play a suppressive role in glioma, but the regulatory mechanism of miR-181b in the malignant phenotypes of glioma cells remains largely unclear. In this study, we found that miR-181b was significantly downregulated in glioma tissues when compared with normal brain tissues, and decreased miR-181b levels were significantly associated with high-grade pathology and a poor prognosis for patients with glioma. Moreover, miR-181b was downregulated in glioma cell lines (U87, SHG44, U373, and U251) compared to normal astrocytes. Overexpression of miR-181b significantly decreased the proliferation, migration, and invasion of glioma U251 cells. Sal-like protein 4 (SALL4) was identified as a novel target gene of miR-181b in U251 cells. The expression of SALL4 was significantly upregulated in glioma tissues and cell lines, and an inverse correlation was observed between the miR-181b and SALL4 expression levels in glioma. Further investigation showed that the protein expression of SALL4 was negatively regulated by miR-181b in U251 cells. Knockdown of SALL4 significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of U251 cells, while overexpression of SALL4 effectively reversed the suppressive effects of miR-181b on these malignant phenotypes of U251 cells. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that miR-181b has a suppressive effect on the malignant phenotypes of glioma cells, at least partly, by directly targeting SALL4. Therefore, the miR-181b/ SALL4 axis may become a potential therapeutic target for glioma.

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APA Style
Zhou, Y., Peng, Y., Liu, M., Jiang, Y. (2017). Microrna-181b inhibits cellular proliferation and invasion of glioma cells via targeting sal-like protein 4. Oncology Research, 25(6), 947-957. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14791732531006
Vancouver Style
Zhou Y, Peng Y, Liu M, Jiang Y. Microrna-181b inhibits cellular proliferation and invasion of glioma cells via targeting sal-like protein 4. Oncol Res. 2017;25(6):947-957 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14791732531006
IEEE Style
Y. Zhou, Y. Peng, M. Liu, and Y. Jiang "MicroRNA-181b Inhibits Cellular Proliferation and Invasion of Glioma Cells via Targeting Sal-Like Protein 4," Oncol. Res., vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 947-957. 2017. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14791732531006



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