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Integrative multiomics analysis identifies a metastasis-related gene signature and the potential oncogenic role of EZR in breast cancer

GUODONG XIAO1,#, FENG CHENG1,#, JING YUAN1, WEIPING LU1, PEILI WANG2, HUIJIE FAN1,*

1 Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450052, China
2 Breast Cancer Center, Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, 450008, China

* Corresponding Author: HUIJIE FAN. Email: email
# Co-first authors

Oncology Research 2022, 30(1), 35-51. https://doi.org/10.32604/or.2022.026616

Abstract

Distant metastasis is a major cause of increased mortality in breast cancer patients, but the mechanisms underlying breast cancer metastasis remain poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to identify a metastasis-related gene (MRG) signature for predicting progression in breast cancer. By screening using three regression analysis methods, a 9-gene signature (NOTCH1, PTP4A3, MMP13, MACC1, EZR, NEDD9, PIK3CA, F2RL1 and CCR7) was constructed based on an MRG set in the BRCA cohort from TCGA. This signature exhibited strong robustness, and its generalizability was verified in the Metabric and GEO cohorts. Of the nine MRGs, EZR is an oncogenic gene with a well-documented role in cell adhesion and cell migration, but it has rarely been investigated in breast cancer. Based on a search of different databases, EZR was found to be significantly more highly expressed in both breast cancer cells and breast cancer tissue. EZR knockdown significantly inhibited cell proliferation, invasion, chemoresistance and EMT in breast cancer. Mechanistically, RhoA activation assays confirmed that EZR knockdown inhibited the activity of RhoA, Rac1 and Cdc42. In summary, we identified a nine-MRG signature that can be used as an efficient prognostic indicator for breast cancer patients, and owing to its involvement in regulating breast cancer metastasis, EZR might serve as a therapeutic target.

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APA Style
XIAO, G., CHENG, F., YUAN, J., LU, W., WANG, P. et al. (2022). Integrative multiomics analysis identifies a metastasis-related gene signature and the potential oncogenic role of EZR in breast cancer. Oncology Research, 30(1), 35-51. https://doi.org/10.32604/or.2022.026616
Vancouver Style
XIAO G, CHENG F, YUAN J, LU W, WANG P, FAN H. Integrative multiomics analysis identifies a metastasis-related gene signature and the potential oncogenic role of EZR in breast cancer. Oncol Res. 2022;30(1):35-51 https://doi.org/10.32604/or.2022.026616
IEEE Style
G. XIAO, F. CHENG, J. YUAN, W. LU, P. WANG, and H. FAN "Integrative multiomics analysis identifies a metastasis-related gene signature and the potential oncogenic role of EZR in breast cancer," Oncol. Res., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 35-51. 2022. https://doi.org/10.32604/or.2022.026616



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