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Integral evaluation of fertilization on triticale seed production (X Triticum secale Wittmack)

Mendoza Elos M1, S Sámano Rodríguez1, F Cervantes Ortiz1, E Andrio Enríquez1, JA Rangel Lucio1, JG Rivera Reyes1, LP Guevara Acevedo1, E Moreno Martínez2

1 División de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación, Instituto Tecnológico de Roque, Km 8 carretera Celaya-J. Rosas Celaya, Guanajuato, México. C.P. 38110. Tel (461)6116362 Ext. 135.
2 Profesor Investigador de la UNIGRASS-UNAM, Cuautitlán Izcalli s/número Edo. de México

* Corresponding Author:Address Correspondence to: Mariano Mendoza Elos, e-mail: email

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2014, 83(all), 93-100. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2014.83.093

Abstract

Seed production requires not only the application of appropriate techniques but also a good knowledge and planning aspects of agricultural production that allow an effective use of the staff and available production facilities. The advantage in using biofertilizers in agriculture is the reduction in production costs. This is because less chemical fertilizers are needed, and in turn this implies a reduction in input costs. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the best combination of chemical and organic fertilization for seed production on triticale (X Triticum secale Wittmack). The study was conducted at the Instituto Tecnológico de Roque, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico in 2008-2009. We evaluated three varieties of triticale, two population densities and a combination of chemical fertilizers with biofertilizers. We used a complete randomized block design with three replications to evaluate a total of 30 treatments. Seed yield, plant height, spike length, 100-seed weight and specific gravity were recorded. The T5 variety had the highest seed yield (8.56 t/ha). Plant density, however, did not affect this parameter. Higher seed yields (7.70 t/ha) were obtained when chemical and Biofertilizers were combined at a dose of 50% each. The highest plant heights were obtained at doses of 75% biofertilizer and 25% chemical fertilizers (1.11 m) and with 100% biofertilizers (1.12 m). Highest values for spike length (17.29 cm) and seed weight (42.3 g) were shown when both fertilizers were combined at 50% each. The fertilization treatments did not statistically affect the hectoliter weight of seeds.

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APA Style
M, M.E., Rodríguez, S.S., Ortiz, F.C., Enríquez, E.A., Lucio, J.R. et al. (2014). Integral evaluation of fertilization on triticale seed production (<i>x triticum secale</i> wittmack). Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 83(all), 93-100. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2014.83.093
Vancouver Style
M ME, Rodríguez SS, Ortiz FC, Enríquez EA, Lucio JR, Reyes JR, et al. Integral evaluation of fertilization on triticale seed production (<i>x triticum secale</i> wittmack). Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2014;83(all):93-100 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2014.83.093
IEEE Style
M.E. M et al., "Integral evaluation of fertilization on triticale seed production (<i>X Triticum secale</i> Wittmack)," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 83, no. all, pp. 93-100. 2014. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2014.83.093



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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