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Polyphenolic profile of Origanum vulgare L. ssp. viridulum from Argentina

González MD, CM Luis, PL Lanzelotti

Departamento de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Nacional de Luján. Cruce Rutas 5 y 7, Luján. C.P. 6700. Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

* Corresponding Author:Address Correspondence to: María Dolores González, e-mail: email

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2014, 83(all), 179-184. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2014.83.179

Abstract

Characterization of oregano in Argentina is limited. They are normally known with fancy names, but it is not possible to recognize whether they are genetically equivalent or not. This paper presents a non-volatile polyphenol study of one of the subspecies of Origanum vulgare, O. vulgare L. ssp. viridulum (Martrin-Donos) Nyman [= O. vulgare L. ssp. virens (Hoffmannsegg et Link) Ietswart]. The polyphenols 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)lactic acid, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, caffeic acid, 4-(3.4-dihydroxybenzoyloxymethyl)phenyl β-glucoside and rosmarinic acid were isolated and identified by spectroscopic analysis from leaves and inflorescences of classified material. In addition, the polyphenol profile of the hydroalcoholic extract of this oregano was developed applying high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with diode array detector (DAD), and the identified compounds were located in the profile. The observation of the instrumental UV spectra revealed that this subspecies is also rich in flavone derivatives such as apigenin and luteolin glycosides. The profile found appears repeatedly in other samples of the same variety with different geographic origins, while differences were observed in profiles of other taxonomical groups of oreganos. This chemical profile is expected to be an additional support for botanists who differentiate origanum materials, especially when most of the plant features have been lost in the culinary herb.

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APA Style
MD, G., Luis, C., Lanzelotti, P. (2014). Polyphenolic profile of <i>origanum vulgare</i> L. ssp. <i>viridulum</i> from argentina. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 83(all), 179-184. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2014.83.179
Vancouver Style
MD G, Luis C, Lanzelotti P. Polyphenolic profile of <i>origanum vulgare</i> L. ssp. <i>viridulum</i> from argentina. Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2014;83(all):179-184 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2014.83.179
IEEE Style
G. MD, C. Luis, and P. Lanzelotti "Polyphenolic profile of <i>Origanum vulgare</i> L. ssp. <i>viridulum</i> from Argentina," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 83, no. all, pp. 179-184. 2014. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2014.83.179

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cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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