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Preparation of a Slow Release Biofertilizer From a Polymeric Urea-Formaldehyde Matrix (PUFM)

Laura Siverio Martínez1, Mayra González Hurtado1,*, Laura M. Castro González2, Jacques Rieumont Briones3, Ariel Martínez García1, María I. Hernández Díaz4

1 Institute of Materials Science and Technology, Polymer Laboratory, University of Havana, Zapata and G, C.P. 10400, C. Havana City, Cuba.
2 National Autonomous University of Mexico, Department of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry Coyoacan, Distrito Federal, MX.
3 Faculty of Chemistry, University of Havana, Department of Physical Chemistry, Zapata and G, C.P. 10400, Havana City, Cuba.
4 Institute of Horticultural Research Liliana Dimitrova, Quivicán, km 33½. Havana City, Cuba.

* Corresponding Author: Mayra González Hurtado. Email: email.

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2019, 88(4), 459-470. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2019.07719

Abstract

Fertilizers industry faces the challenge of improving the efficiency of its products either by optimizing the fertilizers in use or by developing new types of them. During the last decade, controlled and slow release technologies have become more important. These technologies aim to increase the efficiency of the applied substance by increasing its action over time and avoiding losses of all kinds (leaching, volatilization). The main purpose of the current study was to obtain a slow release biofertilizer by incorporating microalgae into a polymeric ureaformaldehyde matrix (PUFM). The quantitative analysis of macronutrients and micronutrients in the microalgae was determined using different techniques including titration, UV and Atomic Adsorption Spectroscopy. The matrix and the formulation obtained (PUFM + CHLO) were also characterized by Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The “in vitro” study showed a typical slow release behavior of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) macronutrients. It was also shown that (PUFM+CHLO) formulation has the slowest macronutrients release time with a maximum release of 28%, 26% y 46% for (N-P-K) macronutrients respectively during a period of 30 days. The "in vivo" study exposed the benefits of the biofertilizer formulation (PUFM + CHLO) from conventional commercial fertilizer (CF) (NPK-14-5-12). Due to the presence of nutrients of natural origin in microalgae, (PUFM + CHLO) shows ecological effects which could also developing sustainable agriculture systems.

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APA Style
Martínez, L.S., Hurtado, M.G., González, L.M.C., Briones, J.R., García, A.M. et al. (2019). Preparation of a slow release biofertilizer from a polymeric urea-formaldehyde matrix (PUFM). Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 88(4), 459-470. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2019.07719
Vancouver Style
Martínez LS, Hurtado MG, González LMC, Briones JR, García AM, Díaz MIH. Preparation of a slow release biofertilizer from a polymeric urea-formaldehyde matrix (PUFM). Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2019;88(4):459-470 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2019.07719
IEEE Style
L.S. Martínez, M.G. Hurtado, L.M.C. González, J.R. Briones, A.M. García, and M.I.H. Díaz "Preparation of a Slow Release Biofertilizer From a Polymeric Urea-Formaldehyde Matrix (PUFM)," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 459-470. 2019. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2019.07719

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