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  • Open Access


    Applications of Microalgae in Five Areas of Biotechnology

    Héctor Alejandro Reza-Solis1, Ofelia Adriana Hernández-Rodríguez1,*, Andrés Francisco Martínez-Rosales2, Dámaris Leopoldina Ojeda-Barrios1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2737-2759, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029851

    Abstract Microalgae are mostly photoautotrophic microscopic organisms. According to their cellular structure, they are classified into two types, eukaryotes, and prokaryotes, and they are distributed in all types of ecosystems, presenting unique qualities due to the fact that they synthesize high value-added molecules used in various productive and environmental activities, and because their biomass is used as raw material to obtain various products. Therefore, the objective of this review was to collect, organize, and collate current information on the use of microalgae in the development of biotechnology involving the areas of agriculture, health, food, bioremediation, and biofuels. The results show that… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Hybrid Model Based on Machine and Deep Learning Techniques for the Classification of Microalgae

    Volkan Kaya1, İsmail Akgül1, Özge Zencir Tanır2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.9, pp. 2519-2534, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029811

    Abstract Classification and monitoring of microalgae species in aquatic ecosystems are important for understanding population dynamics. However, manual classification of algae is a time-consuming method and requires a lot of effort with expertise due to the large number of families and genera in its classification. The recognition of microalgae species has become an increasingly important research area in image recognition in recent years. In this study, machine learning and deep learning methods were proposed to classify images of 12 different microalgae species in order to successfully classify algae cells. 8 Different novel models (MobileNetV3Small-Lr, MobileNetV3SmallRf, MobileNetV3Small-Xg, MobileNetV3Large-Lr, MobileNetV3Large-Rf, MobileNetV3Large-Xg, MobileNetV3Small-Improved and… More >

  • Open Access


    Experimental Study of Microalgae Cultivation under Selective Illumination by Ag/CoSO4 for Bioelectrode Materials Preparation

    Kai Zhu1, Hao Chen1,*, Shuang Wang1,*, Chuan Yuan1,2, Bin Cao3, Jun Ni1, Lujiang Xu4, Anqing Zheng5, Arman Amani Babadi1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.6, pp. 2849-2864, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.026317

    Abstract Microalgae biomass is an ideal precursor to prepare renewable carbon materials, which has broad application. The bioaccumulation efficiency (lipids, proteins, carbohydrates) and biomass productivity of microalgae are influenced by spectroscopy during the culture process. In this study, a bilayer plate-type photobioreactor was designed to cultivate Chlorella protothecoides with spectral selectivity by nanofluids. Compared to culture without spectral selectivity, the spectral selectivity of Ag/CoSO4 nanofluids increased microalgae biomass by 5.76%, and the spectral selectivity of CoSO4 solution increased by 17.14%. In addition, the spectral selectivity of Ag/CoSO4 nanofluids was more conducive to the accumulation of nutrients (29.46% lipids, 50.66% proteins, and… More > Graphic Abstract

    Experimental Study of Microalgae Cultivation under Selective Illumination by Ag/CoSO<sub>4</sub> for Bioelectrode Materials Preparation

  • Open Access


    Microalgae Improve the Photosynthetic Performance of Rice Seedlings (Oryza sativa L.) under Physiological Conditions and Cadmium Stress

    Ekaterina Yotsova1, Martin Stefanov1, Georgi Rashkov1, Margarita Kouzmanova2, Anelia Dobrikova1, Emilia Apostolova1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.7, pp. 1365-1380, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.020566

    Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris on the rice seedlings at physiological conditions and under cadmium (Cd) stress. We examined the effects of C. vulgaris in the nutrient solution on rice seedlings grown hydroponically in the presence and the absence of 150 μM CdCl2, using the low (77 K) temperature and pulse amplitude modulated (PAM) chlorophyll fluorescence, P700 photooxidation measurements, photochemical activities of both photosystems, kinetic parameters of oxygen evolution, oxidative stress markers (MDA, H2O2 and proline), pigment content, growth parameters and Cd accumulation. Data revealed that the application C. vulgaris not… More >

  • Open Access


    Fatty acids in microalgae and cyanobacteria in a changing world: Contrasting temperate and cold environments


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 607-621, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.017309

    Abstract Under the present changing climate conditions and the observed temperature increase, it is of high importance to understand its effects on aquatic microbial life, and organisms’ adaptations at the biochemical level. To adjust to temperature or salinity stress and avoid cell damage, organisms alter their degree of fatty acids (FAs) saturation. Thus, temperature is expected to have strong effects on both the quantity and quality of FAs in aquatic microorganisms. Here we review some recent findings about FAs sensitivity to climate change in contrasting environments. Overall, heat waves may induce changes in the relative abundance of polyunsaturated FAs (PUFA). However,… More >

  • Open Access


    Oxidative effects of glyphosate on the lipophobic intracellular environment in the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 795-802, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.017294


    The studied hypothesis is that the herbicide glyphosate (GLY) can affect the oxidative balance in the hydrophobic intracellular medium in non-target Chlorella vulgaris cells. Analytical GLY and RoundUp (RUP) supplementation, affected the growth profile. A significant 42% decrease in the cellular biomass in stationary (St) phase was observed in cultures supplemented with either 5 µM of GLY or RUP, as compared to control cultures. The treatment with 0.3 µM of GLY generated non-significant effects on the oxidation rate of 2’, 7’ dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA), neither in exponential (Exp) nor in St phase of development, as compared to control cultures. However,… More >

  • Open Access


    Biochemical and Thermal Analysis of Spirulina Biomass through FTIR, TGA, CHN

    Ruma Arora Soni1,*, K. Sudhakar1,3,4,*, R. S. Rana2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.4, pp. 1045-1056, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.016082

    Abstract Spirulina is a sort of algae that grows in both fresh and seawater. It is considered the Earth’s most nutritionally dense food. Certain claims about Spirulina’s beneficial health properties are attributed to the relatively high protein content of the cells. Spirulina’s lipid, fatty acid profile, and biochemical composition have received little attention. The purpose of this study is to investigate the nature and decomposition of spirulina biomass at various temperatures. In the present investigation, Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and elemental analysis were used to study spirulina biomass biochemical characteristics. The optimal content of spirulina protein, lipid, and the… More >

  • Open Access


    Photodegradation and Removal of Diclofenac by the Green Alga Nannochloropsis oculata

    Danaé Samara Sánchez-Sandoval#, Omar González-Ortega#, Mara Fernanda Navarro-Martínez, Juan Marcos Castro-Tapia, Ramón Fernando García de la Cruz, Ruth Elena Soria-Guerra*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1519-1533, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015087

    Abstract The emerging contaminants (ECs) are organic compounds including pharmaceuticals. These products are consumed in large quantities, favoring their continuous entrance to the environment and affecting the health of living beings. Diclofenac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug with analgesic properties of prolonged release. It is the commonest postoperative analgesic, and it is highly consumed without prescription. In recent years, the capability of microalgae to remove pharmaceuticals in water has been tested as a promising tool. In this work, the removal efficiency of diclofenac (16 µg/mL) by the microalga Nannochloropsis oculata CCAP 186/7 was evaluated. The major nutrient concentrations in Bold’s Basal… More >

  • Open Access


    Benzyl Amino Purine and Gibberellic Acid Coupled to Nitrogen-Limited Stress Induce Fatty Acids, Biomass Accumulation, and Gene Expression in Scenedesmus Obliquus

    Hans Christian Correa-Aguado1,3, Gloria Viviana Cerrillo-Rojas1, Alejandro Rocha-Uribe2, Ruth Elena Soria-Guerra2, José Francisco Morales-Domínguez1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.2, pp. 515-531, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.013619

    Abstract The need for renewable energy sources makes microalgae an essential feedstock for biofuels production. The molecular aspects and the response to nitrogen (N)-limited conditions with a phytohormone stimulus in microalgae have been slightly explored. In this work, Scenedesmus obliquus was used as a study model to analyze the effect of benzyl amino purine (BAP) and gibberellic acid (GA) coupled to nitrogen limitation on cell growth, biomass and fatty acids. The selected 10-5 M BAP increased the biomass by 1.44-fold, and 10-6 M GA by 1.35-fold. The total lipids also increased by 2.8 and 1.11-fold, respectively. The 10-5 M BAP and… More >

  • Open Access


    Preparation of a Slow Release Biofertilizer From a Polymeric Urea-Formaldehyde Matrix (PUFM)

    Laura Siverio Martínez1, Mayra González Hurtado1,*, Laura M. Castro González2, Jacques Rieumont Briones3, Ariel Martínez García1, María I. Hernández Díaz4

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.88, No.4, pp. 459-470, 2019, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2019.07719

    Abstract Fertilizers industry faces the challenge of improving the efficiency of its products either by optimizing the fertilizers in use or by developing new types of them. During the last decade, controlled and slow release technologies have become more important. These technologies aim to increase the efficiency of the applied substance by increasing its action over time and avoiding losses of all kinds (leaching, volatilization). The main purpose of the current study was to obtain a slow release biofertilizer by incorporating microalgae into a polymeric ureaformaldehyde matrix (PUFM). The quantitative analysis of macronutrients and micronutrients in the microalgae was determined using… More >

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