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Combined Role of ACC Deaminase Producing Bacteria and Biochar on Cereals Productivity under Drought

Subhan Danish1,2, Muhammad Zafar-ul-Hye1,*

1 Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, 60800, Pakistan
2 Soil and Water Testing Laboratory, PakArab Fertilizer Limited, Plantsite, Multan, 60800, Pakistan

* Corresponding Author: Muhammad Zafar-ul-Hye. Email:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2020, 89(2), 217-227.


Most of the cereal crops are widely cultivated to fulfil the humans food requirements. Under changing climate scenario, the intensity of drought stress is continuously increasing that is adversely affecting the growth and yield of cereal crops. Although the cereals can tolerate moderate drought to some extent, but mostly they are susceptible to severe drought stress. Higher biosynthesis of ethylene under drought stress has been reported. Many scientists observed that inoculation of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase producing plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) is an efficacious tool to overcome this problem. These PGPR secrete ACC deaminase which cleavage the ACC into the compounds, other than ethylene. Furthermore, secretion of growth hormones also play imperative role in enhancing the growth of the cereals under limited availability of water. In addition, the use of biochar has also been recognized as another effective amendment to grant resistance against drought. Biochar application improves the soil physiochemical attributes i.e., porosity, nutrients retention and water holding capacity which decrease the loss of water and increase its bioavailability. In recent era, the idea of coapplication of ACC deaminase producing PGPR and biochar is becoming popular which might be more efficient to use water under drought stress. The aim of current review is to combine the facts and understanding of this novel idea to grant maximum resistance to crops against drought stress. Some scientists have observed significant improvement in yield of cereal crops by combined use of ACC deaminase producing PGPR and biochar. However, more research is suggested for deep understanding of complex synergistic mechanism of ACC deaminase activity in combination with biochar.


Cite This Article

Danish, S., Zafar-ul-Hye, M. (2020). Combined Role of ACC Deaminase Producing Bacteria and Biochar on Cereals Productivity under Drought. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 89(2), 217–227.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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