Vol.90, No.3, 2021, pp.1015-1030, doi:10.32604/phyton.2021.014190
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Study of Spectral Response Characteristics of Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus) to Particulate Matters Based on Hyper-Spectral Technique
  • Lijuan Kong1,2, Haiye Yu1,2, Zhaojia Piao1,2, Meichen Chen1,2, Jingmin Dang1, Lei Zhang1,2, Yuanyuan Sui1,2,*
1 College of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun, 130022, China
2 The Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering (Ministry of Education, China), Jilin University, Changchun, 130022, China
* Corresponding Author: Yuanyuan Sui. Email:
Received 07 September 2020; Accepted 18 December 2020; Issue published 30 March 2021
Abstract
Haze is mainly caused by the suspended particulate matters in the air, of which the particulate matters pollution harms leaf vegetables. In this paper, oilseed rapes at four different growing periods were investigated in a simulated particulate pollution environment. In combination of hyper-spectral technology and micro examination, the response of hyper-spectral characteristics of the leaf to particulate matters was investigated in-depth. The hyperspectral, chlorophyll content, net photosynthetic rate and stomatal conductance of leaf were obtained. The deposition and adsorption of particulate matters on the leaf were observed by Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope (ESEM). Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), modified red edge normalized (mNDVI705) and modified red edge simple ratio index (mSR705) were selected as characteristic parameters and the range of 510 nm~620 nm as the sensitive band. 16 methods were used to establish the physiological information inversion model. The main results were as follows: Under the influence of particulate matters, the spectral reflectance decreased as a whole. With the increase of leaf age, the phenomenon of blue shift aggravated. The amplitude of yellow and blue edge decreased with overall decreasing vegetation indices. The furrows and irregular band protrusions in leaves were favorable for keeping particulate matters. With longer affecting time and more deposition of particle matters on the leaf, the stomatal opening became smaller. After comparing, principal component regression (PCR) + multiple scatter correction (MSC) + second derivative (SD) + Savitzky-Golay smooth (SG), and partial least square (PLS) + multiple scatter correction (MSC) + first derivative (FD) + Savitzky-Golay smooth (SG) were determined the best method to establish the inversion model of chlorophyll content and net photosynthetic rate respectively. This study may bring novel ideas for the diagnosis and analysis of the physiological response of leaf vegetables under particulate matters pollution using hyper-spectral technology.
Keywords
Particulate matter; hyper-spectral technique; oilseed rape; chlorophyll content; net photosynthetic rate; stomata; inversion model
Cite This Article
Kong, L., Yu, H., Piao, Z., Chen, M., Dang, J. et al. (2021). Study of Spectral Response Characteristics of Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus) to Particulate Matters Based on Hyper-Spectral Technique. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 90(3), 1015–1030.
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