Vol.90, No.5, 2021, pp.1321-1338, doi:10.32604/phyton.2021.016174
OPEN ACCESS
REVIEW
Pathways of Phosphorus Absorption and Early Signaling between the Mycorrhizal Fungi and Plants
  • Griselda Madrid-Delgado1,#, Marcos Orozco-Miranda1,#, Mario Cruz-Osorio1,#, Ofelia Adriana Hernández-Rodríguez1, Raúl Rodríguez-Heredia2, Melchor Roa-Huerta2, Graciela Dolores Avila-Quezada1,*
1 Facultad de Ciencias Agrotecnológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua (UACH), Chihuahua, 31000, México
2 Innovak Global, Chihuahua, 31375, México
* Corresponding Authors: Graciela Dolores Avila-Quezada. Email: ,
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Mycorrhizal Fungi and Sustainable Development of Agriculture)
Received 13 February 2021; Accepted 18 March 2021; Issue published 27 May 2021
Abstract

This review highlights the key role that mycorrhizal fungi play in making phosphorus (Pi) more available to plants, including pathways of phosphorus absorption, phosphate transporters and plant-mycorrhizal fungus symbiosis, especially in conditions where the level of inorganic phosphorus (Pi) in the soil is low. Mycorrhizal fungi colonization involves a series of signaling where the plant root exudates strigolactones, while the mycorrhizal fungi release a mixture of chito-oligosaccharides and liposaccharides, that activate the symbiosis process through gene signaling pathways, and contact between the hyphae and the root. Once the symbiosis is established, the extraradical mycelium acts as an extension of the roots and increases the absorption of nutrients, particularly phosphorus by the phosphate transporters. Pi then moves along the hyphae to the plant root/fungus interface. The transfer of Pi occurs in the apoplectic space; in the case of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Pi is discharged from the arbuscular to the plant’s root symplasm, in the membrane that surrounds the arbuscule. Pi is then absorbed through the plant periarbuscular membrane by plant phosphate transporters. Furthermore, plants can acquire Pi from soil as a direct absorption pathway. As a result of this review, several genes that codify for high-affinity Pi transporters were identified. In plants, the main family is Pht1 although it is possible to find others such as Pht2, Pht3, Pho1 and Pho2. As in plants, mycorrhizal fungi have genes belonging to the Pht1 subfamily. In arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi we found L1PT1, GiPT, MtPT1, MtPT2, MtPT4, HvPT8, ZmPht1, TaPTH1.2, GmosPT and LYCes. HcPT1, HcPT2 and BePT have been characterized in ectomycorrhizal fungi. Each gene has a different way of expressing itself. In this review, we present diagrams of the symbiotic relationship between mycorrhizal fungi and the plant. This knowledge allows us to design solutions to regional problems such as food production in soils with low levels of Pi.

Keywords
Interaction; mycorrhiza establishment; symbiosis; phosphate uptake
Cite This Article
Madrid-Delgado, G., Orozco-Miranda, M., Cruz-Osorio, M., Hernández-Rodríguez, O. A., Rodríguez-Heredia, R. et al. (2021). Pathways of Phosphorus Absorption and Early Signaling between the Mycorrhizal Fungi and Plants. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 90(5), 1321–1338.
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