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Agro-Morphological Characterization and Genetic Dissection of Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) Genotypes

A. K. M. Golam Sarwar1, Md. Sabibul Haque1,*, Md. Ekramul Haque2, Md. Amir Hossain3, Md. Golam Azam4, Md. Nesar Uddin1, Eldessoky S. Dessoky5, Mahmoud A. Basry6, Md. Alamgir Hossain1
1 Department of Crop Botany, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, 2202, Bangladesh
2 Spices Research Sub-Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Lalmonirhat, 5500, Bangladesh
3 Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Agricultural University, Mymensingh, 2202, Bangladesh
4 Pulse Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Ishurdi, 6620, Bangladesh
5 Department of Biology, College of Science, Taif University, Taif, 21944, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Plant Molecular Biology, AGERI, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, 12619, Egypt
* Corresponding Author: Md. Sabibul Haque. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Integrating Agronomy and Plant Physiology for Improving Crop Production)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2022, 91(8), 1721-1743. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2022.021069

Received 25 December 2021; Accepted 09 February 2022; Issue published 14 April 2022

Abstract

Linseed is a multipurpose crop and the crop needs further improvement to increase production and yield due to its high value and demand. This study aimed to assess the extent and pattern of genetic variability of forty linseed genotypes based on diverse agro–morphological and yield attributes. The field experiment was conducted following a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. Linseed germplasm showed a wide range of phenotypic expression, genetic variability and heritability for 30 studied traits. A low to high phenotypic coeffi- cient of variation (PCV) and genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) were observed. The lowest genotypic (σ2 g) and phenotypic variances (σ2 p) were found in capsule diameter (CD), length of calyx (LC), capsule length (CL), seed length (SL), and seed breadth (SB). High broad-sense heritability (h2b) with high genetic advance as a percentage of mean (GAM) were observed in days to germination started (DGS), days to 80% emergence (DE), plant height at 28 and 40 DAS, number of flowers (NFPP), filled capsules (NFCPP) and yield per plant (YPP) indicating additive gene action exists for these characters. Hierarchical cluster analysis separated 40 genotypes into five clusters, where Clusters I to V assembled with 13, 4, 4, 5 and 14 genotypes, respectively. Considering yield and yield attributes, Cluster-IV (G3, G4, G6, G10 and G31) genotypes showed promising while, Cluster-II (G2, G16, G35, G36) and Cluster-III (G1, G33, G39 and G40) genotypes were dominant on plant morphological traits. Based on principal component analysis (PCA), few characters such as YPP, NFPP, NFCPP, days to first flowering and capsule formation, early emergence, days to branch initiation and plant heights at different growth stages revealed important and effective traits for consideration in the selection of linseed breeding programs.

Keywords

Genetic variability; heritability; genetic advance; principal component analysis; hierarchical clustering; linseed

Cite This Article

K., A., Haque, M. S., Haque, M. E., Hossain, M. A., Azam, M. G. et al. (2022). Agro-Morphological Characterization and Genetic Dissection of Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) Genotypes. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 91(8), 1721–1743.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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