Vol.91, No.9, 2022, pp.1893-1904, doi:10.32604/phyton.2022.022679
Allantoin Alleviates Seed Germination Thermoinhibition in Arabidopsis
  • Songbei Ying, Sasa Jing, Leheng Cheng, Haiqing Sun, Yuan Tian, Lulu Zhi, Ping Li*
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Bio-Energy Crops, Research Center for Natural Products, Plant Science Center, School of Life Sciences, Shanghai University, Shanghai, 200444, China
* Corresponding Author: Ping Li. Email:
Received 21 March 2022; Accepted 06 April 2022; Issue published 13 May 2022
Allantoin as the metabolite of purine catabolism can store and remobilize nitrogen for plant growth and development. However, emerging evidence suggests it also contributes to plant tolerance to stress response through altering abscisic acid (ABA) and reducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) level. 1-CYS PEROXIREDOXIN (PER1) is a seed-specific antioxidant that enhances seed longevity through scavenging ROS over-accumulation. High temperature (HT) suppresses seed germination and induces seed secondary dormancy, called as seed germination thermoinhibition. However, the mechanism that allantoin and PER1 regulate seed germination thermoinhibition remains unknown. In this study, we reported that allantoin treatment enhances seed germination under HT stress. Consistently, the aln mutants displayed higher seed germination, as well as more accumulation of endogenous allantoin, than that of wild-type control. Further biochemical and genetic analyses showed that allantoin reduces ABA content under HT, and allantoin targets PER1 to efficiently scavenge HT-induced ROS accumulation, meanwhile, the function of allantoin requires PER1 during seed gemination thermotolerance. Collectively, our finding proposes a novel function of allantoin in enhancing seed germination tolerance to HT, and uncovers the underlying mechanism by which allantoin regulates seed germination through altering ABA metabolism and PER1-mediated ROS level under HT stress.
Seed germination; high temperature; allantoin; PRE1
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Cite This Article
Ying, S., Jing, S., Cheng, L., Sun, H., Tian, Y. et al. (2022). Allantoin Alleviates Seed Germination Thermoinhibition in Arabidopsis. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 91(9), 1893–1904.
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