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Transcriptome Profiling of the Salt-Stress Response in Paper Mulberry

Jie Zhang1, Yingwei Zhao2, Hongying Li3, Jianwei Ni4,*, Dongmei Wang1,*

1 College of Forestry, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, 712100, China
2 Guangxi Dongmen Farm, Dongmen Forest Farm, Chongzuo, 5321808, China
3 College of Forestry, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, 471023, China
4 Key Laboratory of Tree Breeding and Cultivation of National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Research Institute of Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, 100091, China

* Corresponding Authors: Jianwei Ni. Email: email; Dongmei Wang. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Development of New Sensing Technology in Sustainable Farming and Smart Environmental Monitoring)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2023, 92(9), 2591-2610. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.028338

Abstract

Paper mulberry is a high-quality woody feed resource plant with high crude protein content. It is widely distributed in China and has excellent characteristics of salt and alkali tolerance. Paper mulberry has ecological and economic importance. Salt stress has become a critical factor with the increasing degree of soil salinity that restricts plant growth. In the saline-alkali environments, transcriptome expression is altered leading to phenotypic defects in most plants. However, the regulatory mechanism related to paper mulberry’s salt-stress (SS) response is not clearly understood. In the present study de novo transcriptomic assembly was performed, and gene expression levels were measured between different SS and natural conditions (25°C) as a control for paper mulberry plants. According to the results of our study, under NaCl stress conditions, the differential gene expression was observed in the leaves of paper mulberry compared with the control. A total of 2126 differentially expressed unigenes were observed. Among these unigenes the expression of 812 DEGs was up-regulated and the expression of 1,314 DEGs was down-regulated. Additionally, The GO and KEGG analyses regarding differentially expressed unigenes (DEUs) revealed that the observed critical transcriptomic alterations under salt stress (SS) conditions were associated with primary and secondary metabolism, photosynthesis, and plant hormone signaling pathways. Further investigations such as gene function studies regarding the unigenes depicting altered expression under salt stress conditions in paper mulberry will help understand the mechanism of salt tolerance, and this information can be utilized in paper mulberry breeding and improvement programs.

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APA Style
Zhang, J., Zhao, Y., Li, H., Ni, J., Wang, D. (2023). Transcriptome profiling of the salt-stress response in paper mulberry. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 92(9), 2591-2610. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.028338
Vancouver Style
Zhang J, Zhao Y, Li H, Ni J, Wang D. Transcriptome profiling of the salt-stress response in paper mulberry. Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2023;92(9):2591-2610 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.028338
IEEE Style
J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Li, J. Ni, and D. Wang "Transcriptome Profiling of the Salt-Stress Response in Paper Mulberry," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 92, no. 9, pp. 2591-2610. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.028338



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