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  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Molecular and cellular mechanisms of neuroprotection by oligopeptides from snake venoms

    CARLOS ALBERTO-SILVA*, BRENDA RUFINO DA SILVA

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.6, pp. 897-904, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.050443

    Abstract Venom snake-derived peptides have multiple biochemical, pharmacological, and toxicological profiles, allowing for the discovery of new medicinal products and therapeutic applications. This review specifically examines the fundamental elements of neuroprotection offered by different oligopeptides derived from snake venom. It also includes a brief evaluation of short peptides that are being considered as potential therapeutic agents. Proline-rich peptides and tryptophyllin family peptides isolated from the crude venom of Viperidae family snakes, specifically Bothrops atrox, Bothrops jararaca, and Bothrops moojeni, have been shown to have pro-survival properties, the ability to reduce oxidative stress, and the ability to promote cell viability More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Research progress on natural products against hepatocellular carcinoma

    LINGLI ZHANG1,2,#, YAN LI1,#, JINGXIN MAO1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.6, pp. 905-922, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.050396

    Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains a prevalent and challenging malignancy globally, characterized by its numerous causal factors and generally unfavorable prognosis. In the relentless pursuit of effective treatment modalities, natural products have emerged as a promising and relatively non-toxic alternative, garnering significant interest. The integration of natural products with contemporary medical research has yielded encouraging therapeutic outcomes in the management of HCC. This review offers a comprehensive overview of the causal factors underlying HCC, and the diverse treatment options available, and highlights the advancements made by natural products in anti-HCC research. Particularly, we provide an outline More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Does young feces make the elderly live better? Application of fecal microbiota transplantation in healthy aging

    YUANYUAN LIAO1,2,3, XINSI LI2,3, QIAN LI2,3, YIZHONG WANG4, XIUJUN TAN1,2,3, TING GONG2,3,5,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.6, pp. 873-887, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.050324

    Abstract As we are facing an aging society, anti-aging strategies have been pursued to reduce the negative impacts of aging and increase the health span of human beings. Gut microbiota has become a key factor in the anti-aging process. Modulation of gut microbiota by fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) to prevent frailty and unhealthy aging has been a hot topic of research. This narrative review summarizes the benefits of FMT for health span and lifespan, brains, eyes, productive systems, bones, and others. The mechanisms of FMT in improving healthy aging are discussed. The increased beneficial bacteria and More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Circular RNA circ_0003609 ameliorates hypertrophied ligamentum flavum by regulating the miR-155/SIRT1 axis

    GUIBIN ZHONG1,2,#, SHURONG WANG3,#, YUJIN HE4, DAMING FENG1, KE WEI1, YANQIU YANG1, JIANWEI CHEN1,2,*, JUNLING CHEN1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.6, pp. 1001-1008, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.050294

    Abstract Background: Hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum (HLF) is a common contributor to spinal stenosis which results in significant neurological impairments. Circular RNA (circRNA) circ_0003609 has been linked to HLF; however, the exact mechanism by which it causes this disease is unclear. Methods: Circ_0003609 expressions were regulated in HLF cells by overexpression vectors and RNA interference. Cell proliferation and fibrosis-related gene expression were checked by the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and western blotting. CircBank’s prediction of the association between miR-155 and circ_0003609 was supported by a dual-luciferase reporter experiment. The function of the miR-155/sirtuin 1 More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Bhlhe40 protects cochlear hair cell-like HEI-OC1 cells against HO‑triggered oxidative injury

    LITING WEN#, XIAOXIA ZENG#, PEIXIONG CHEN, DAPENG ZHAO, YANGYANG LI, XIANHAI ZENG*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.6, pp. 991-999, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.050219

    Abstract Background: Cochlear hair cell injury is a common pathological feature of hearing loss. The basic helix-loop-helix family, member e40 (Bhlhe40), a gene belonging to the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) family, exhibits strong transcriptional repression activity. Methods: Oxidative damage, in House Ear Institute-Organ of Corti 1 (HEI‑OC1) cells, was caused using hydrogen peroxide (HO). The Ad-Bhlhe40 particles were constructed to overexpress Bhlhe40 in HEI-OC1 cells. Various assays including cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling assay (TUNEL), flow cytometry, immunofluorescence, and corresponding commercial kits were employed to investigate the impacts of Bhlhe40 on cell viability, apoptosis,… More > Graphic Abstract

    <i>Bhlhe40</i> protects cochlear hair cell-like HEI-OC1 cells against HO‑triggered oxidative injury

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    The pathogenesis of chronic subdural hematoma in the perspective of neomembrane formation and related mechanisms

    MINGYUE HUANG1,#, JUNFEI DAI1,#, XIANLIANG ZHONG2, JIN WANG2, JIANZHONG XU2, BO DU2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.6, pp. 889-896, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.050097

    Abstract Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is a disease characterized by capsuled blood products that progressively occupy the intracranial space, causing intracranial hypertension and compression in the brain. CSDH frequently occurs in all demographics, especially in the elderly, but the pathogenesis of CSDH remains unclear. In this review, we discuss the origin, development, and current treatment strategies of CSDH. For the first time, we analyzed the cellular and molecular compositions of hematoma membranes with a focus on neomembrane formation, a complex early-stage interactive event in hematoma pathogenesis. We hypothesize that in patients with CSDH, dural border cells… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Chemokine-like factor 1 (CKLF1) is expressed in myocardial ischemia injury in vivo and in vitro

    JULING FENG1,3, HAODONG CHEN1, YANGBO LIU1, QIDI AI1, YANTAO YANG1, LEI ZHAO4, SHIFENG CHU2,#,*, NAIHONG CHEN1,2,#,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.6, pp. 981-990, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.050011

    Abstract Introduction: Chemokine-like factor 1 (CKLF1) is a chemokine that is overexpressed in several diseases. Our previous findings revealed a significant increase in CKLF1 expression in the ischemic brain, suggesting its potential as a therapeutic target for ischemic stroke. Methods: In this study, we examined the expression dynamics of CKLF1 in both in vivo and in vitro models of ischemic cardiac injury. Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in vivo by ligation of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) of the rat heart. The levels of CKLF1, Creatine Kinase MB Isoenzyme (CK-MB), and Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the serum were… More > Graphic Abstract

    Chemokine-like factor 1 (CKLF1) is expressed in myocardial ischemia injury <i>in vivo</i> and <i>in vitro</i>

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Computational and bioinformatics tools for understanding disease mechanisms

    MOHD ATHAR1,*, ANU MANHAS2, NISARG RANA2, AHMAD IRFAN3

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.6, pp. 935-944, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.049891

    Abstract Computational methods have significantly transformed biomedical research, offering a comprehensive exploration of disease mechanisms and molecular protein functions. This article reviews a spectrum of computational tools and network analysis databases that play a crucial role in identifying potential interactions and signaling networks contributing to the onset of disease states. The utilization of protein/gene interaction and genetic variation databases, coupled with pathway analysis can facilitate the identification of potential drug targets. By bridging the gap between molecular-level information and disease understanding, this review contributes insights into the impactful utilization of computational methods, paving the way for More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Revealing the role of honokiol in human glioma cells by RNA-seq analysis

    YUNBAO GUO1,#, XU LIU1,#, QI XU2, XIAOTONG ZHOU3, JIAWEI LIU3, YANYAN XU2, YAN LU2,*, HAIYAN LIU2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.6, pp. 945-958, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.049748

    Abstract Background: Glioma is a kind of tumor that easily deteriorates and originates from glial cells in nerve tissue. Honokiol is a bisphenol compound that is an essential monomeric compound extracted from the roots and bark of Magnoliaceae plants. It also has anti-infection, antitumor, and immunomodulatory effects. In this study, we found that honokiol induces cell apoptosis in the human glioma cell lines U87-MG and U251-MG. However, the mechanism through which honokiol regulates glioma cell apoptosis is still unknown. Methods: We performed RNA-seq analysis of U251-MG cells treated with honokiol and control cells. Protein-protein interaction (PPI)… More > Graphic Abstract

    Revealing the role of honokiol in human glioma cells by RNA-seq analysis

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    OPA3 overexpression modulates lipid droplet production and sensitizes colorectal cancer cells to bevacizumab treatment

    HONGBIAO WU*, DONGFANG LIU

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.6, pp. 971-980, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.049466

    Abstract Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) represents a substantial risk to public health. Bevacizumab, the first US FDA-approved antiangiogenic drug (AAD) for human CRC treatment, faces resistance in patients. The role of lipid metabolism, particularly through OPA3-regulated lipid droplet production, in overcoming this resistance is under investigation. Methods: The protein expression pattern of OPA3 in CRC primary/normal tissues was evaluated by bioinformatics analysis. OPA3-overexpressed SW-480 and HCT-116 cell lines were established, and bevacizumab resistance and OPA3 effects on cell malignancy were examined. OPA3 protein/mRNA expression and lipid droplet-related genes were measured with Western blot and qRT-PCR. OPA3… More > Graphic Abstract

    OPA3 overexpression modulates lipid droplet production and sensitizes colorectal cancer cells to bevacizumab treatment

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