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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Knockdown of circular RNA (CircRNA)_001896 inhibits cervical cancer proliferation and stemness in vivo and in vitro

    JIA SHAO1,2, CAN ZHANG2, YAONAN TANG2, AIQIN HE2, WEIPEI ZHU1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.4, pp. 571-580, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.049092

    Abstract Objective: Previous studies indicated that aberrant circular RNA (circRNA) expression affects gene expression regulatory networks, leading to the aberrant activation of tumor pathways and promoting tumor cell growth. However, the expression, clinical significance, and effects on cell propagation, invasion, and dissemination of circRNA_001896 in cervical cancer (CC) tissues remain unclear. Methods: The Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets (GSE113696 and GSE102686) were used to examine differential circRNA expression in CC and adjacent tissues. The expression of circRNA_001896 was detected in 72 CC patients using fluorescence quantitative PCR. Correlation analysis with clinical pathological features was performed through COX multivariate and univariate analysis.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Identification of Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase (PAL) Genes from Pinus yunnanensis and an Analysis of Enzyme Activity in vitro

    Dejin Mu1,2, Lin Chen1,2, Heze Wang1,2, Zhaoliu Hu1,2, Sihui Chen1,2, Shi Chen1,2, Nianhui Cai1,2, Yulan Xu1,2, Junrong Tang1,2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.3, pp. 503-516, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.048786

    Abstract Phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) is the rate-limiting and pivotal enzyme of the general phenylpropanoid pathway, but few reports have been found on PAL genes in Pinus yunnanensis. In the present study, three PAL genes were cloned and identified from P. yunnanensis seedlings for the first time, namely, PyPAL-1, PyPAL-2, and PyPAL-3. Our results indicated that the open-reading frames of PyPAL genes were 2184, 2157, and 2385 bp. Phylogenetic tree analysis revealed that PyPALs have high homology with other known PAL genes in other plants. In vitro enzymatic analysis showed that all three PyPAL recombinant proteins could catalyze the deamination of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Phenolic Profile and Volatiles of in vitro Propagated Lavandula angustifolia Mill. Seedlings

    Mir Abdullatif Yahya1, Fatma Tunali1, Dilek Killi2,*, Atalay Sökmen2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.3, pp. 427-444, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.046271

    Abstract An effective in vitro propagation protocol was designed for Lavandula angustifolia Miller, a medicinal aromatic plant that is a prominent source of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Murashige and Skoog media were supplemented with various concentrations of Plant Growth Regulators (PGRs), and the growth parameters of the nodal segments were examined. Nodal explants formed callus when they were supplemented with 2 mg/L of 6-Benzylaminopurine (BAP). The superior hormonal concentration of Murashige and Skoog (MS) media for the proliferation of shoots from callus cultures (39.33%) was 5 mg/L of 2-Isopentenyl adenine (2iP), and the favorable media for the growth of L. angustifoliaMore >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A New Micropropagation Technology of Tilia amurensis: In Vitro Micropropagation of Mature Zygotic Embryos and the Establishment of a Plant Regeneration System

    Shijie Lin1, Zimo Wang1, Hongbo Zhu2, Conghui Wang3, Hongfeng Wang2, Dawei Zhang1, Tianbing Gou1, Guangdao Bao1, Ye Luo1, Huaijiang He1, Zhonghui Zhang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.2, pp. 277-289, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.046989

    Abstract Tilia amurensis is an economically valuable broadleaf tree species in Northeast China. The production of high-quality T. amurensis varieties at commercial scales has been greatly limited by the low germination rates. There is thus a pressing need to develop an organogenesis protocol for in vitro propagation of T. amurensis to alleviate a shortage of high-quality T. amurensis seedlings. Here, we established a rapid in vitro propagation system for T. amurensis from mature zygotic embryos and analyzed the effects of plant growth regulators and culture media in different stages. We found that Woody plant medium (WPM) was the optimal primary culture… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    M2 macrophages predicted the prognosis of breast cancer by combing a novel immune cell signature and promoted cell migration and invasion of cancer cells in vitro

    QI XIA1, XING CHEN2, QINGHUA MA3, XIANXIU WEN2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 217-228, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.027414

    Abstract Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer death in women. Immune features play an important role in improving the prognosis prediction of BC. However, while previous immune signatures consisted mainly of immune genes, immune cell-based signatures have been rarely reported. Methods: In this study, we report that a novel immune cell signature is effective in improving prognostic prediction by combining M2 macrophages. We identified 17 differentially infiltrating immune cells between cancer and normal groups. Prognostic features of the four immune cells identified by LASSO COX analysis showed good performance for survival risk… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    In vitro engineered models of neurodegenerative diseases

    ZEHRA GÜL MORÇIMEN1, ŞEYMA TAŞDEMIR2, AYLIN ŞENDEMIR3,4,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 79-96, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.045361

    Abstract Neurodegeneration is a catastrophic process that develops progressive damage leading to functional and structural loss of the cells of the nervous system and is among the biggest unavoidable problems of our age. Animal models do not reflect the pathophysiology observed in humans due to distinct differences between the neural pathways, gene expression patterns, neuronal plasticity, and other disease-related mechanisms in animals and humans. Classical in vitro cell culture models are also not sufficient for pre-clinical drug testing in reflecting the complex pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases. Today, modern, engineered techniques are applied to develop multicellular, intricate in vitro models and to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    High-throughput computational screening and in vitro evaluation identifies 5-(4-oxo-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-yl)-2-[3-(4-oxo-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-yl) phenyl]-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (C3), as a novel EGFR—HER2 dual inhibitor in gastric tumors

    MESFER AL SHAHRANI, REEM GAHTANI, MOHAMMAD ABOHASSAN, MOHAMMAD ALSHAHRANI, YASSER ALRAEY, AYED DERA, MOHAMMAD RAJEH ASIRI, PRASANNA RAJAGOPALAN*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.2, pp. 251-259, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.043139

    Abstract Gastric cancers are caused primarily due to the activation and amplification of the EGFR or HER2 kinases resulting in cell proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis, and metastasis. Conventional therapies are ineffective due to the intra-tumoral heterogeneity and concomitant genetic mutations. Hence, dual inhibition strategies are recommended to increase potency and reduce cytotoxicity. In this study, we have conducted computational high-throughput screening of the ChemBridge library followed by in vitro assays and identified novel selective inhibitors that have a dual impediment of EGFR/HER2 kinase activities. Diversity-based High-throughput Virtual Screening (D-HTVS) was used to screen the whole ChemBridge small molecular library against EGFR and… More > Graphic Abstract

    High-throughput computational screening and <i>in vitro</i> evaluation identifies 5-(4-oxo-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-yl)-2-[3-(4-oxo-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-yl) phenyl]-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (C3), as a novel EGFR—HER2 dual inhibitor in gastric tumors

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effects of platelets on characteristics of lymphocytes cultured in vitro and optimization of adoptive immunotherapy

    CONGLIANG CHEN#, XIAOHONG LENG#, YU ZHANG, JUNMEI HU, DAPENG WEI, PEIPEI WANG*, XIA WANG*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.12, pp. 2661-2669, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.043084

    Abstract Background: T lymphocytes, the main participants of cellular immunity, can express a variety of surface molecules and form different lymphocyte subsets under the induction of different factors to play the functions of immune regulation and immune killing. Studies have shown that platelets play a crucial role in maintaining the stable differentiation of lymphocytes and the balance in immunomodulation. Therefore, it is necessary to study the effect of platelets on lymphocytes in vitro to better understand the role of platelets in the immune system and broaden the application of adoptive immunotherapy. Methods: Cell counting and microscopic observation were used to detect… More >

  • Open Access

    MiR-19a-3p/PTEN axis regulates the anticancer effect of circHIAT1 in breast cancer in vitro

    CHAO NIU1,#, RUOFEI SUN1,#, XIAOGANG LI2, BO LI2, XIAODONG HE1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.10, pp. 2301-2312, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.029935

    Abstract Objective: Breast cancer is a major cancer threatening the health of women globally. To elucidate the effect of the circHIAT1/miR-19a-3p/phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) axis on regulating the malignant phenotype of breast cancer cells. Methods: The mRNA expression pattern of circHIAT1, miR-19a-3p, and PTEN was checked by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Then, the knockdown assay was carried out to explore the effect of circHIAT1 and miR-19a-3p on breast cancer. The relative cell experiments, including MTT assay, scratch assay, transwell invasion assay, and flow cytometry analysis, were conducted to verify the influence of circHIAT1 and miR-19a-3p on breast cancer cells.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Label-free quantitative proteomics analysis models in vivo and in vitro reveal key proteins and potential roles in sciatic nerve injury

    YANG GU1,#,*, MINGGUANG BI2,#, DEHUI CHEN3, NING NI4, JIANMING CHEN1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.9, pp. 2069-2080, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.029989

    Abstract Background: The underlying mechanism of sciatic nerve injury (SNI) is a common motor functional disorder, necessitates further research. Methods: A rat model of SNI was established, with the injury group subjected to compressive injury of the right sciatic nerve exposed at the midpoint of the thigh and the sham surgery group undergoing the same surgical procedure. An oxygen-glucose deprivation model was employed to simulate in vitro SNI in PC12 cells. Following data acquisition and quality control, differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in each model were identified through differential analysis, and enrichment analysis was used to explore the potential functions and pathways… More >

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