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  • Open Access


    Energy Aware Data Collection with Route Planning for 6G Enabled UAV Communication

    Mesfer Al Duhayyim1, Marwa Obayya2, Fahd N. Al-Wesabi3,4, Anwer Mustafa Hilal5,*, Mohammed Rizwanullah5, Majdy M. Eltahir6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.1, pp. 825-842, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.021490

    Abstract With technological advancements in 6G and Internet of Things (IoT), the incorporation of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and cellular networks has become a hot research topic. At present, the proficient evolution of 6G networks allows the UAVs to offer cost-effective and timely solutions for real-time applications such as medicine, tracking, surveillance, etc. Energy efficiency, data collection, and route planning are crucial processes to improve the network communication. These processes are highly difficult owing to high mobility, presence of non-stationary links, dynamic topology, and energy-restricted UAVs. With this motivation, the current research paper presents a novel… More >

  • Open Access


    Metaheuristic Resource Allocation Strategy for Cluster Based 6G Industrial Applications

    Anwer Mustafa Hilal1,*, Lamia Osman Widaa2, Fahd N. Al-Wesabi3, Mohammad Medani3, Manar Ahmed Hamza1, Mesfer Al Duhayyim4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.1, pp. 667-681, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.021338

    Abstract The emergence of Beyond 5G (B5G) and 6G networks translated personal and industrial operations highly effective, reliable, and gainful by speeding up the growth of next generation Internet of Things (IoT). Industrial equipment in 6G encompasses a huge number of wireless sensors, responsible for collecting massive quantities of data. At the same time, 6G network can take real-world intelligent decisions and implement automated equipment operations. But the inclusion of different technologies into the system increased its energy consumption for which appropriate measures need to be taken. This has become mandatory for optimal resource allocation in… More >

  • Open Access


    An Efficient Scheme for Interference Mitigation in 6G-IoT Wireless Networks

    Fahd N. Al-Wesabi1,*, Imran Khan2, Nadhem Nemri3, Mohammed A. Al-Hagery4, Huda G. Iskander5, Quang Ngoc Nguyen6, Babar Shah7, Ki-Il Kim8

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.3, pp. 3889-3902, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016218

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) is the fourth technological revolution in the global information industry after computers, the Internet, and mobile communication networks. It combines radio-frequency identification devices, infrared sensors, global positioning systems, and various other technologies. Information sensing equipment is connected via the Internet, thus forming a vast network. When these physical devices are connected to the Internet, the user terminal can be extended and expanded to exchange information, communicate with anything, and carry out identification, positioning, tracking, monitoring, and triggering of corresponding events on each device in the network. In real life, the… More >

  • Open Access


    A Joint Algorithm for Resource Allocation in D2D 5G Wireless Networks

    Fahd N. Al-Wesabi1,2,*, Imran Khan3, Mohammad Alamgeer4, Ali M. Al-Sharafi5, Bong Jun Choi6, Abdallah Aldosary7, Ehab Mahmoud Mohamed8,9

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.1, pp. 301-317, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.018122

    Abstract With the rapid development of Internet technology, users have an increasing demand for data. The continuous popularization of traffic-intensive applications such as high-definition video, 3D visualization, and cloud computing has promoted the rapid evolution of the communications industry. In order to cope with the huge traffic demand of today’s users, 5G networks must be fast, flexible, reliable and sustainable. Based on these research backgrounds, the academic community has proposed D2D communication. The main feature of D2D communication is that it enables direct communication between devices, thereby effectively improve resource utilization and reduce the dependence on… More >

  • Open Access


    Toward 6G Communication Networks: Terahertz Frequency Challenges and Open Research Issues

    Mohammed H. Alsharif1, Mahmoud A. M. Albreem2, Ahmad A. A. Solyman3, Sunghwan Kim4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.3, pp. 2831-2842, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.013176

    Abstract Future networks communication scenarios by the 2030s will include notable applications are three-dimensional (3D) calls, haptics communications, unmanned mobility, tele-operated driving, bio-internet of things, and the Nano-internet of things. Unlike the current scenario in which megahertz bandwidth are sufficient to drive the audio and video components of user applications, the future networks of the 2030s will require bandwidths in several gigahertzes (GHz) (from tens of gigahertz to 1 terahertz [THz]) to perform optimally. Based on the current radio frequency allocation chart, it is not possible to obtain such a wide contiguous radio spectrum below 90… More >

  • Open Access


    MIMO-Terahertz in 6G Nano-Communications: Channel Modeling and Analysis

    Shahid Bashir1, Mohammed H. Alsharif2, Imran Khan3, Mahmoud A. Albreem4, Aduwati Sali5, Borhanuddin Mohd Ali5, Wonjong Noh6,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 263-274, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012404

    Abstract With the development of wireless mobile communication technology, the demand for wireless communication rate and frequency increases year by year. Existing wireless mobile communication frequency tends to be saturated, which demands for new solutions. Terahertz (THz) communication has great potential for the future mobile communications (Beyond 5G), and is also an important technique for the high data rate transmission in spatial information network. THz communication has great application prospects in military-civilian integration and coordinated development. In China, important breakthroughs have been achieved for the key techniques of THz high data rate communications, which is practically… More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis of Wireless Backhaul Networks Based on Aerial Platform Technology for 6G Systems

    Sooeun Song1, Minsu Choi1, Yunyeong Goh1, Jusik Yun1, Wonsuk Yoo1, Wonsik Yang1, Jaewook Jung1, Jong-Moon Chung1, *

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.62, No.2, pp. 473-494, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.09052

    Abstract As next generation communication technologies emerge, new high data rate applications and high-definition large-screen video streaming have become very popular. As a result, network traffic has been increasing so much that existing backhaul networks soon will not be able to support all traffic demands. To support these needs in future 6G mobile systems, the establishment of an additional backhaul wireless network is considered essential. As one of the solutions, a wireless backhaul network based on an aerial platform has been proposed. In order to explore the potential of aerial platforms as wireless backhaul networks, in More >

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