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  • Open Access


    Quantum-Inspired Equilibrium Optimizer for Linear Antenna Array

    Binwen Zhu1, Qifang Luo1,3,*, Yongquan Zhou1,2,3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.1, pp. 385-413, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.026097

    Abstract With the rapid development of communication technology, the problem of antenna array optimization plays a crucial role. Among many types of antennas, line antenna arrays (LAA) are the most commonly applied, but the side lobe level (SLL) reduction is still a challenging problem. In the radiation process of the linear antenna array, the high side lobe level will interfere with the intensity of the antenna target radiation direction. Many conventional methods are ineffective in obtaining the maximum side lobe level in synthesis, and this paper proposed a quantum equilibrium optimizer (QEO) algorithm for line antenna arrays. Firstly, the linear antenna… More >

  • Open Access


    A 37 GHz Millimeter-Wave Antenna Array for 5G Communication Terminals

    Jalal Khan1, Sadiq Ullah1,*, Usman Ali1, Ladislau Matekovits2,3,4, Farooq Ahmad Tahir5, Muhammad Inam Abbasi6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.1, pp. 1317-1330, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.029879

    Abstract This work presents, design and specific absorption rate (SAR) analysis of a 37 GHz antenna, for 5th Generation (5G) applications. The proposed antenna comprises of 4-elements of rectangular patch and an even distribution. The radiating element is composed of copper material supported by Rogers RT5880 substrate of thickness, 0.254 mm, dielectric constant (εr), 2.2, and loss tangent, 0.0009. The 4-elements array antenna is compact in size with a dimension of 8 mm × 20 mm in length and width. The radiating patch is excited with a 50 ohms connector i.e., K-type. The antenna resonates in the frequency band of 37 GHz, that covers the 5G applications. The antenna… More >

  • Open Access


    Improved Beam Steering Method Using OAM Waves

    Nidal Qasem*, Ahmad Alamayreh

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 417-431, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035603

    Abstract Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) is an intrinsic feature of electromagnetic waves which has recently found many applications in several areas in radio and optics. In this paper, we use OAM wave characteristics to present a simple method for beam steering over both elevation and azimuth planes. The design overcomes some limitations of traditional steering methods, such as limited dynamic range of steering, the design complexity, bulky size of the steering structure, the limited bandwidth of operation, and low gain. Based on OAM wave characteristics, the proposed steering method avoids design complexities by adopting a simple method for generating the OAM-carrying… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Design of Antenna Array with Two K-Band Circularly Polarized Antenna

    Xiao Liu1,2, Anqi Li1,*, Zhongjun Yu1,2, Ting Lv3, Meng Li4, Zhen Zhang5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 6411-6427, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.027124

    Abstract As an important part of phased array system, the research on phased array antenna is very necessary. The phased array antenna achieves the scanning beam adaptively by regulating the phase difference between each array element. In this paper, a dual K-band circularly polarized antenna with high broadband, broadband beam, wide axial ratio bandwidth and high radiation efficiency is designed. We combine with the advantages of slot antenna and aperture antenna, use multimode waveguide cavity structure to design an aperture antenna, which is fed to waveguide circular polarizer by slot coupling in order to realize circular polarization radiation. Meanwhile, it has… More >

  • Open Access


    Compact Interlaced Dual Circularly Polarized Sequentially Rotated Dielectric-Resonator Antenna Array

    Yazeed Qasaymeh*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.3, pp. 4631-4643, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.026111

    Abstract In this study, a compact 2 × 2 interlaced sequentially rotated dual-polarized dielectric-resonator antenna array is proposed for 5.8 GHz applications. The array is composed of a novel unit elements that are made of rectangular dielectric resonator (RDR) coupled to an eye slot for generating the orthogonal modes, and to acquire circular polarization (CP) radiation. For the purpose of miniaturization and achieving dual polarized resonance, the array is fed by two interlaced ports and each port excites two radiating elements. The first port feeds horizontal elements to obtain left hand circular polarization (LHCP). The second port feeds vertical elements to obtain right hand… More >

  • Open Access


    Ambiguity Resolution in Direction of Arrival Estimation with Linear Antenna Arrays Using Differential Geometry

    Alamgir Safi1, Muhammad Asghar Khan2,*, Fahad Algarni3, Muhammad Adnan Aziz1, M. Irfan Uddin4, Insaf Ullah2, Tanweer Ahmad Cheema1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 581-599, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.018963

    Abstract Linear antenna arrays (LAs) can be used to accurately predict the direction of arrival (DOAs) of various targets of interest in a given area. However, under certain conditions, LA suffers from the problem of ambiguities among the angles of targets, which may result in misinterpretation of such targets. In order to cope up with such ambiguities, various techniques have been proposed. Unfortunately, none of them fully resolved such a problem because of rank deficiency and high computational cost. We aimed to resolve such a problem by proposing an algorithm using differential geometry. The proposed algorithm uses a specially designed doublet… More >

  • Open Access


    An Optimized Design of Antenna Arrays for the Smart Antenna Systems

    Fahd N. Al-Wesabi1,2,*, Murad A. A. Almekhlafi3, Huda G. Iskandar2,4, Adnan Zain5, Saleh Alzahrani6, Mohammed Alamgeer6, Nadhem Nemri6, Sami Dhabi6, Mohammad Medani6, Ali. M. Al-Sharafi2,7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.2, pp. 1979-1994, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.018390

    Abstract In recent years, there has been an increasing demand to improve cellular communication services in several aspects. The aspect that received the most attention is improving the quality of coverage through using smart antennas which consist of array antennas. this paper investigates the main characteristics and design of the three types of array antennas of the base station for better coverage through simulation (MATLAB) which provides field and strength patterns measured in polar and rectangular coordinates for a variety of conditions including broadsides, ordinary End-fire, and increasing directivity End-fire which is typically used in smart antennas. The method of analysis… More >

  • Open Access


    Directional Modulation Based on a Quantum Genetic Algorithm for a Multiple-Reflection Model

    Yuwei Huang1, 2, Xiubo Chen1, 3, *, Kaiguo Yuan1, 3, Jianyi Zhang4, Biao Liu2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.64, No.3, pp. 1771-1783, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.09905

    Abstract Directional modulation is one of the hot topics in data security researches. To fulfill the requirements of communication security in wireless environment with multiple paths, this study takes into account the factors of reflections and antenna radiation pattern for directional modulation. Unlike other previous works, a novel multiple-reflection model, which is more realistic and complex than simplified two-ray reflection models, is proposed based on two reflectors. Another focus is a quantum genetic algorithm applied to optimize antenna excitation in a phased directional modulation antenna array. The quantum approach has strengths in convergence speed and the globe searching ability for the… More >

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