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  • Open Access


    Optimization of Photo-Fenton Catalyst Preparation Based Bamboo Carbon Fiber by Response Surface Methodology

    Yizhang Wang1, Zhaoyang Yu1, Jinbo Hu1,2,*, Shanshan Chang1, Yuan Liu1, Ting Li2, Gonggang Liu1,*, Xiaodong (Alice) Wang3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.1, pp. 147-165, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.021306

    Abstract In this paper, the residue from bamboo factory has been used to design photo-Fenton catalyst, which has the advantages of low cost and magnetic recycling. The photo-Fenton catalytic performance of the biocarbon-based catalyst was excellent and its optimal preparation process was also explored by response surface methodology. First, bamboo-carbon fiber was selected as the photo-Fenton catalyst carrier. Subsequently, the surface of the carbon fiber was modified, with which dopamine, nano-Fe3O4 and nano-TiO2 were successively loaded by hydrothermal method. After examined single factor tests, four factors including dopamine concentration, ferric chloride mass, P25 titanium dioxide mass and… More > Graphic Abstract

    Optimization of Photo-Fenton Catalyst Preparation Based Bamboo Carbon Fiber by Response Surface Methodology

  • Open Access


    Strength Performance and Microstructure Characteristic of Naturally-Bonded Fiberboard Composite from Malaysian Bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris)

    Shahril Anuar Bahari1, Mohd Nazarudin Zakaria1, Syaiful Osman1, Falah Abu1, Mohamad Jani Saad2, Reza Hosseinpourpia3,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.10, pp. 2581-2591, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.021313

    Abstract This study investigated the mechanical properties and microstructural characteristics of fiberboard composite produced by naturally-bonded Malaysian bamboo fiber (Bambusa vulgaris). The components that obtained through soda pulping of bamboo culms such as fiber and black liquor, were used for the preparation of high-density fibreboard composite at two target densities of 850 and 950 kg/m3. The bamboo fiberboard composite (BFC) were then produced at 200°C and two pressing parameters of 125 and 175 s/mm. The mechanical properties, e.g., flexural strength and internal bonding (IB) of BFC samples were evaluated according to BS EN 310: 1993 and BS EN 319: 1993, More > Graphic Abstract

    Strength Performance and Microstructure Characteristic of Naturally-Bonded Fiberboard Composite from Malaysian Bamboo (<i>Bambusa vulgaris</i>)

  • Open Access


    Properties and Applications of Bamboo Fiber–A Current-State-of-the Art

    Chen Chen1,2, Haitao Li1,2,*, Assima Dauletbek1,2, Feng Shen3, David Hui4, Milan Gaff5, Rodolfo Lorenzo6, Ileana Corbi7, Ottavia Corbi7, Mahmud Ashraf8

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.3, pp. 605-624, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.018685

    Abstract Fibers are used in many forms in engineering applications–one of the most common being used as reinforcement. Due to its renewable short natural growth cycle and abundance of bamboo resources, bamboo fiber has attracted attention over other natural fibers. Bamboo fiber has a complex natural structure but offers excellent mechanical properties, which are utilized in the textile, papermaking, construction, and composites industry. However, bamboo fibers can easily absorb moisture and are prone to corrosion limiting their use in engineering applications. Therefore, a better understanding of bamboo fiber is particularly important. This paper reviews all existing More >

  • Open Access


    The Arrangement and Size of Cellulose Microfibril Aggregates in the Cell Walls of Sclerenchyma Fibers and Parenchyma Tissue in Bamboo

    Wenting Ren1,3, Fei Guo2, Minghui Liu1,3, Haocheng Xu1,3, Hankun Wang1,3, Yan Yu1,2,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.12, pp. 2291-2301, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015973

    Abstract Understanding the assembly and spatial arrangement of bamboo cell wall components is crucial for its optimal utilization. Bamboo cell walls consist of aggregates of cellulose microfibrils and matrix. In the present study, the size and arrangement of cellulose microfibril aggregates in the cell walls of sclerenchyma fibers and parenchyma cells in moso bamboo were investigated with NMR and FE-SEM. The NMR measurement showed that the characteristic sizes of the microfibril aggregates of fibers and parenchyma cells were approximately 25.8 nm and 18.8 nm, respectively. Furthermore, high-resolution SEM showed the size of microfibril aggregates varied little More >

  • Open Access


    Preliminary Study on Tensile and Impact Properties of Kenaf/Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Composites

    Ahmad Safwan1, Mohammad Jawaid1*, Mohamed T. H. Sultan1,2, Azman Hassan3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.6, No.5, pp. 529-535, 2018, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2018.634103

    Abstract The application of natural fibers as reinforcement in composite material has increased due to environmental concerns, low cost, degradability and health concerns. The purpose of this study is to identify the best type of bamboo fibers to be used as reinforcement for kenaf (K)/bamboo hybrid composite. There were three types of bamboo fibers evaluated in this study which include bamboo mat (B), bamboo fabric (BF) and bamboo powder (BP). Chemical composition of B, BF, BP and K fibers were analyzed in this study. The effect of different types of bamboo fibers on tensile, impact, and More >

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