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  • Open Access


    Seed Priming with MgCl2, CaCl2, and ZnCl2 as a Biofortification Based-Approach Induces Changes in Anise Seedlings Emergence

    Sibel Day*, Nilüfer Koçak-Şahin

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2461-2471, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029920

    Abstract Aromatic and medicinal plant species having small seeds have field emergence problems due to low nutrient supply. Therefore, Pimpinella anisum seeds were hydro and osmoprimed with 100 mM MgCl2, CaCl2, and ZnCl2, for 2, 4, and 8 h each to compare their growth attributes during germination and seedling establishment stages. Nontreated seeds were used as control. Both hydro and osmo primed seeds were dried for 48 h before, they were sown in plastic trays in growth room conditions to see the impact of treatments on seedling emergence and growth. The maximum root length (12.90 cm), fresh weight (256.30… More >

  • Open Access


    Application of Zinc, Iron and Boron Enhances Productivity and Grain Biofortification of Mungbean

    Muhammad Zafar1, Siraj Ahmed1, Muhammad Kashif Munir1, Nawal Zafar1, Muhammad Saqib1, Muhammad Aleem Sarwar2, Saba Iqbal1, Baber Ali3, Naveed Akhtar1, Basharat Ali4,*, Sadam Hussain5,*, Muhammad Saeed6, Mohammad Khalid Al-Sadoon7, Aneela Gulnaz8

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 983-999, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.025813

    Abstract Deficiencies of essential vitamins, iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) affect over one-half of the world’s population. A significant progress has been made to control micronutrient deficiencies through supplementation, but new approaches are needed, especially to reach the rural poor. Agronomic biofortification of pulses with Zn, Fe, and boron (B) offers a pragmatic solution to combat hidden hunger instead of food fortification and supplementation. Moreover, it also has positive effects on crop production as well. Therefore, we conducted three separate field experiments for two consecutive years to evaluate the impact of soil and foliar application of… More >

  • Open Access


    Effects of Different Selenium Application Methods on Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Biofortification and Nutritional Quality

    Yong Liang1, Yuexing Chen2, Dong Liu1, Jianping Cheng3, Gang Zhao1, Tzion Fahima4, Jun Yan1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.2, pp. 423-435, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.09339

    Abstract Mineral nutrient malnutrition, especially deficiency in selenium (Se), affects the health of approximately 1 billion people worldwide. Wheat, a staple food crop, plays an important role in producing Se-enriched foodstuffs to increase the Se intake of humans. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different Se application methods on grain yield and nutritional quality, grain Se absorption and accumulation, as well as 14 other trace elements concentrations in wheat grains. A sand culture experiment was conducted via a completely randomized 3 × 2 × 1 factorial scheme (three Se levels × two methods of… More >

  • Open Access


    Basal Application of Zinc to Improve Mung Bean Yield and Zinc-Grains Biofortfication

    Aroosa Kanwal1, Muhammad Bismillah Khan1, Mubshar Hussain1,2,*, Muhammad Naeem1, Muhammad Shahid Rizwan3, Muhammad Zafar-ul-Hye4

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.1, pp. 87-96, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.07845

    Abstract Worldwide, the dietary deficiency of zinc (Zn) is prevailing in almost all arid and semi-arid regions. Zinc deficiency is not only the major constraint of lower yield, but also dietary Zn deficiency in cereals grains may cause increasing malnutrition and chronic health problems in human. Exogenous application of Zn through basal soil nutrition might be a useful option to recover Zn deficiency in mung bean. Therefore, field study was conducted to optimize the optimum level and method of Zn nutrition to enhance crop yield and Zn biofortification of mung bean through basal application. Zinc was… More >

  • Open Access


    Impact of selenium fertilization on the activity of detoxifying enzymes of H2O2 in bean plants

    Hermosillo-Cereceres MA1, E Sánchez1, E Muñoz-Márquez1, A Guevara-Aguilar1, M García-Bañuelos1, D Ojeda-Barrios2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.83, pp. 347-352, 2014, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2014.83.347

    Abstract Selenium (Se) is an essential element for many organisms, although in high concentrations it may become toxic, leading to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, bean plants received different application rates of Se (0, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 µM) in the form of selenite and selenate to evaluate the activity of the detoxifying enzymes of H2O2. The results indicated that the activity of these enzymes in bean plants depended on the chemical form of Se: selenite at rates of 20 µM or greater diminished biomass and yield, increasing the activity More >

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