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  • Open Access


    Deep Learning Based Efficient Crowd Counting System

    Waleed Khalid Al-Ghanem1, Emad Ul Haq Qazi2,*, Muhammad Hamza Faheem2, Syed Shah Amanullah Quadri3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 4001-4020, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048208

    Abstract Estimation of crowd count is becoming crucial nowadays, as it can help in security surveillance, crowd monitoring, and management for different events. It is challenging to determine the approximate crowd size from an image of the crowd’s density. Therefore in this research study, we proposed a multi-headed convolutional neural network architecture-based model for crowd counting, where we divided our proposed model into two main components: (i) the convolutional neural network, which extracts the feature across the whole image that is given to it as an input, and (ii) the multi-headed layers, which make it easier More >

  • Open Access


    Lightweight Res-Connection Multi-Branch Network for Highly Accurate Crowd Counting and Localization

    Mingze Li, Diwen Zheng, Shuhua Lu*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2105-2122, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048928

    Abstract Crowd counting is a promising hotspot of computer vision involving crowd intelligence analysis, achieving tremendous success recently with the development of deep learning. However, there have been still many challenges including crowd multi-scale variations and high network complexity, etc. To tackle these issues, a lightweight Res-connection multi-branch network (LRMBNet) for highly accurate crowd counting and localization is proposed. Specifically, using improved ShuffleNet V2 as the backbone, a lightweight shallow extractor has been designed by employing the channel compression mechanism to reduce enormously the number of network parameters. A light multi-branch structure with different expansion rate… More >

  • Open Access


    Robust Counting in Overcrowded Scenes Using Batch-Free Normalized Deep ConvNet

    Sana Zahir1, Rafi Ullah Khan1, Mohib Ullah1, Muhammad Ishaq1, Naqqash Dilshad2, Amin Ullah3,*, Mi Young Lee4,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 2741-2754, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.037706

    Abstract The analysis of overcrowded areas is essential for flow monitoring, assembly control, and security. Crowd counting’s primary goal is to calculate the population in a given region, which requires real-time analysis of congested scenes for prompt reactionary actions. The crowd is always unexpected, and the benchmarked available datasets have a lot of variation, which limits the trained models’ performance on unseen test data. In this paper, we proposed an end-to-end deep neural network that takes an input image and generates a density map of a crowd scene. The proposed model consists of encoder and decoder More >

  • Open Access


    A Deep Learning-Based Crowd Counting Method and System Implementation on Neural Processing Unit Platform

    Yuxuan Gu, Meng Wu*, Qian Wang, Siguang Chen, Lijun Yang

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.1, pp. 493-512, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035974

    Abstract In this paper, a deep learning-based method is proposed for crowd-counting problems. Specifically, by utilizing the convolution kernel density map, the ground truth is generated dynamically to enhance the feature-extracting ability of the generator model. Meanwhile, the “cross stage partial” module is integrated into congested scene recognition network (CSRNet) to obtain a lightweight network model. In addition, to compensate for the accuracy drop owing to the lightweight model, we take advantage of “structured knowledge transfer” to train the model in an end-to-end manner. It aims to accelerate the fitting speed and enhance the learning ability… More >

  • Open Access


    A Deep Learning Approach for Crowd Counting in Highly Congested Scene

    Akbar Khan1, Kushsairy Abdul Kadir1,*, Jawad Ali Shah2, Waleed Albattah3, Muhammad Saeed4, Haidawati Nasir5, Megat Norulazmi Megat Mohamed Noor5, Muhammad Haris Kaka Khel1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.3, pp. 5825-5844, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.027077

    Abstract With the rapid progress of deep convolutional neural networks, several applications of crowd counting have been proposed and explored in the literature. In congested scene monitoring, a variety of crowd density estimating approaches has been developed. The understanding of highly congested scenes for crowd counting during Muslim gatherings of Hajj and Umrah is a challenging task, as a large number of individuals stand nearby and, it is hard for detection techniques to recognize them, as the crowd can vary from low density to high density. To deal with such highly congested scenes, we have proposed… More >

  • Open Access


    Multi-Scale Network with Integrated Attention Unit for Crowd Counting

    Adel Hafeezallah1, Ahlam Al-Dhamari2,3,*, Syed Abd Rahman Abu-Bakar2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.2, pp. 3879-3903, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.028289

    Abstract Estimating the crowd count and density of highly dense scenes witnessed in Muslim gatherings at religious sites in Makkah and Madinah is critical for developing control strategies and organizing such a large gathering. Moreover, since the crowd images in this case can range from low density to high density, detection-based approaches are hard to apply for crowd counting. Recently, deep learning-based regression has become the prominent approach for crowd counting problems, where a density-map is estimated, and its integral is further computed to acquire the final count result. In this paper, we put forward a… More >

  • Open Access


    Adaptive Scheme for Crowd Counting Using off-the-Shelf Wireless Routers

    Wei Zhuang1,2, Yixian Shen1, Chunming Gao3, Lu Li1, Haoran Sang4, Fei Qian5,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.41, No.1, pp. 255-269, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.020590

    Abstract Since the outbreak of the world-wide novel coronavirus pandemic, crowd counting in public areas, such as in shopping centers and in commercial streets, has gained popularity among public health administrations for preventing the crowds from gathering. In this paper, we propose a novel adaptive method for crowd counting based on Wi-Fi channel state information (CSI) by using common commercial wireless routers. Compared with previous researches on device-free crowd counting, our proposed method is more adaptive to the change of environment and can achieve high accuracy of crowd count estimation. Because the distance between access point More >

  • Open Access


    A Deep-CNN Crowd Counting Model for Enforcing Social Distancing during COVID19 Pandemic: Application to Saudi Arabia’s Public Places

    Salma Kammoun Jarraya1,2,*, Maha Hamdan Alotibi1,3, Manar Salamah Ali1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.2, pp. 1315-1328, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.013522

    Abstract With the emergence of the COVID19 virus in late 2019 and the declaration that the virus is a worldwide pandemic, health organizations and governments have begun to implement severe health precautions to reduce the spread of the virus and preserve human lives. The enforcement of social distancing at work environments and public areas is one of these obligatory precautions. Crowd management is one of the effective measures for social distancing. By reducing the social contacts of individuals, the spread of the disease will be immensely reduced. In this paper, a model for crowd counting in… More >

  • Open Access


    An Efficient Crossing-Line Crowd Counting Algorithm with Two-Stage Detection

    Zhenqiu Xiao1,*, Bin Yang2, Desy Tjahjadi3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.60, No.3, pp. 1141-1154, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.05638

    Abstract Crowd counting is a challenging task in crowded scenes due to heavy occlusions, appearance variations and perspective distortions. Current crowd counting methods typically operate on an image patch level with overlaps, then sum over the patches to get the final count. In this paper we describe a real-time pedestrian counting framework based on a two-stage human detection algorithm. Existing works with overhead cameras is mainly based on visual tracking, and their robustness is rather limited. On the other hand, some works, which focus on improving the performances, are too complicated to be realistic. By adopting… More >

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