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  • Open Access


    Deep Learning-Based Action Classification Using One-Shot Object Detection

    Hyun Yoo1, Seo-El Lee2, Kyungyong Chung3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1343-1359, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039263

    Abstract Deep learning-based action classification technology has been applied to various fields, such as social safety, medical services, and sports. Analyzing an action on a practical level requires tracking multiple human bodies in an image in real-time and simultaneously classifying their actions. There are various related studies on the real-time classification of actions in an image. However, existing deep learning-based action classification models have prolonged response speeds, so there is a limit to real-time analysis. In addition, it has low accuracy of action of each object if multiple objects appear in the image. Also, it needs to be improved since it… More >

  • Open Access


    Feature Enhanced Stacked Auto Encoder for Diseases Detection in Brain MRI

    Umair Muneer Butt1,2,*, Rimsha Arif2, Sukumar Letchmunan1,*, Babur Hayat Malik2, Muhammad Adil Butt2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 2551-2570, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039164

    Abstract The detection of brain disease is an essential issue in medical and research areas. Deep learning techniques have shown promising results in detecting and diagnosing brain diseases using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images. These techniques involve training neural networks on large datasets of MRI images, allowing the networks to learn patterns and features indicative of different brain diseases. However, several challenges and limitations still need to be addressed further to improve the accuracy and effectiveness of these techniques. This paper implements a Feature Enhanced Stacked Auto Encoder (FESAE) model to detect brain diseases. The standard stack auto encoder’s results are… More >

  • Open Access


    GRATDet: Smart Contract Vulnerability Detector Based on Graph Representation and Transformer

    Peng Gong1,2,3, Wenzhong Yang2,3,*, Liejun Wang2,3, Fuyuan Wei2,3, KeZiErBieKe HaiLaTi2,3, Yuanyuan Liao2,3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1439-1462, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038878

    Abstract Smart contracts have led to more efficient development in finance and healthcare, but vulnerabilities in contracts pose high risks to their future applications. The current vulnerability detection methods for contracts are either based on fixed expert rules, which are inefficient, or rely on simplistic deep learning techniques that do not fully leverage contract semantic information. Therefore, there is ample room for improvement in terms of detection precision. To solve these problems, this paper proposes a vulnerability detector based on deep learning techniques, graph representation, and Transformer, called GRATDet. The method first performs swapping, insertion, and symbolization operations for contract functions,… More >

  • Open Access


    Developing a Breast Cancer Resistance Protein Substrate Prediction System Using Deep Features and LDA

    Mehdi Hassan1,2, Safdar Ali3, Jin Young Kim2,*, Muhammad Sanaullah4, Hani Alquhayz5, Khushbakht Safdar6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1643-1663, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038578

    Abstract Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) is an important resistance protein that significantly impacts anticancer drug discovery, treatment, and rehabilitation. Early identification of BCRP substrates is quite a challenging task. This study aims to predict early substrate structure, which can help to optimize anticancer drug development and clinical diagnosis. For this study, a novel intelligent approach-based methodology is developed by modifying the ResNet101 model using transfer learning (TL) for automatic deep feature (DF) extraction followed by classification with linear discriminant analysis algorithm (TLRNDF-LDA). This study utilized structural fingerprints, which are exploited by DF contrary to conventional molecular descriptors. The proposed in… More >

  • Open Access


    Task Offloading and Resource Allocation in IoT Based Mobile Edge Computing Using Deep Learning

    Ilyоs Abdullaev1, Natalia Prodanova2, K. Aruna Bhaskar3, E. Laxmi Lydia4, Seifedine Kadry5,6,7, Jungeun Kim8,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1463-1477, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038417

    Abstract Recently, computation offloading has become an effective method for overcoming the constraint of a mobile device (MD) using computation-intensive mobile and offloading delay-sensitive application tasks to the remote cloud-based data center. Smart city benefitted from offloading to edge point. Consider a mobile edge computing (MEC) network in multiple regions. They comprise N MDs and many access points, in which every MD has M independent real-time tasks. This study designs a new Task Offloading and Resource Allocation in IoT-based MEC using Deep Learning with Seagull Optimization (TORA-DLSGO) algorithm. The proposed TORA-DLSGO technique addresses the resource management issue in the MEC server,… More >

  • Open Access


    A Survey on Deep Learning-Based 2D Human Pose Estimation Models

    Sani Salisu1,2, A. S. A. Mohamed1,*, M. H. Jaafar3, Ainun S. B. Pauzi1, Hussain A. Younis1,4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 2385-2400, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035904

    Abstract In this article, a comprehensive survey of deep learning-based (DL-based) human pose estimation (HPE) that can help researchers in the domain of computer vision is presented. HPE is among the fastest-growing research domains of computer vision and is used in solving several problems for human endeavours. After the detailed introduction, three different human body modes followed by the main stages of HPE and two pipelines of two-dimensional (2D) HPE are presented. The details of the four components of HPE are also presented. The keypoints output format of two popular 2D HPE datasets and the most cited DL-based HPE articles from… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Learning Based Cyber Event Detection from Open-Source Re-Emerging Social Data

    Farah Mohammad1,*, Saad Al-Ahmadi2, Jalal Al-Muhtadi1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1423-1438, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035741

    Abstract Social media forums have emerged as the most popular form of communication in the modern technology era, allowing people to discuss and express their opinions. This increases the amount of material being shared on social media sites. There is a wealth of information about the threat that may be found in such open data sources. The security of already-deployed software and systems relies heavily on the timely detection of newly-emerging threats to their safety that can be gleaned from such information. Despite the fact that several models for detecting cybersecurity events have been presented, it remains challenging to extract security… More >

  • Open Access


    Context Awareness by Noise-Pattern Analysis of a Smart Factory

    So-Yeon Lee1, Jihoon Park1, Dae-Young Kim2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1497-1514, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.034914

    Abstract Recently, to build a smart factory, research has been conducted to perform fault diagnosis and defect detection based on vibration and noise signals generated when a mechanical system is driven using deep-learning technology, a field of artificial intelligence. Most of the related studies apply various audio-feature extraction techniques to one-dimensional raw data to extract sound-specific features and then classify the sound by using the derived spectral image as a training dataset. However, compared to numerical raw data, learning based on image data has the disadvantage that creating a training dataset is very time-consuming. Therefore, we devised a two-step data preprocessing… More >

  • Open Access


    Improved RRT Algorithm for Automatic Charging Robot Obstacle Avoidance Path Planning in Complex Environments

    Chong Xu1, Hao Zhu1, Haotian Zhu2, Jirong Wang1, Qinghai Zhao1,3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.3, pp. 2567-2591, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029152

    Abstract A new and improved RRT algorithm has been developed to address the low efficiency of obstacle avoidance planning and long path distances in the electric vehicle automatic charging robot arm. This algorithm enables the robot to avoid obstacles, find the optimal path, and complete automatic charging docking. It maintains the global completeness and path optimality of the RRT algorithm while also improving the iteration speed and quality of generated paths in both 2D and 3D path planning. After finding the optimal path, the B-sample curve is used to optimize the rough path to create a smoother and more optimal path.… More > Graphic Abstract

    Improved RRT<sup>∗</sup> Algorithm for Automatic Charging Robot Obstacle Avoidance Path Planning in Complex Environments

  • Open Access


    Multi Head Deep Neural Network Prediction Methodology for High-Risk Cardiovascular Disease on Diabetes Mellitus

    B. Ramesh, Kuruva Lakshmanna*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.3, pp. 2513-2528, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028944

    Abstract Major chronic diseases such as Cardiovascular Disease (CVD), diabetes, and cancer impose a significant burden on people and healthcare systems around the globe. Recently, Deep Learning (DL) has shown great potential for the development of intelligent mobile Health (mHealth) interventions for chronic diseases that could revolutionize the delivery of health care anytime, anywhere. The aim of this study is to present a systematic review of studies that have used DL based on mHealth data for the diagnosis, prognosis, management, and treatment of major chronic diseases and advance our understanding of the progress made in this rapidly developing field. Type 2… More > Graphic Abstract

    Multi Head Deep Neural Network Prediction Methodology for High-Risk Cardiovascular Disease on Diabetes Mellitus

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