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  • Open Access


    An Algorithm for Short-Circuit Current Interval in Distribution Networks with Inverter Type Distributed Generation Based on Affine Arithmetic

    Yan Zhang1, Bowen Du2,*, Benren Pan1, Guannan Wang1, Guoqiang Xie1, Tong Jiang2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.7, pp. 1903-1920, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.048718

    Abstract During faults in a distribution network, the output power of a distributed generation (DG) may be uncertain. Moreover, the output currents of distributed power sources are also affected by the output power, resulting in uncertainties in the calculation of the short-circuit current at the time of a fault. Additionally, the impacts of such uncertainties around short-circuit currents will increase with the increase of distributed power sources. Thus, it is very important to develop a method for calculating the short-circuit current while considering the uncertainties in a distribution network. In this study, an affine arithmetic algorithm… More >

  • Open Access


    Dynamic Economic Scheduling with Self-Adaptive Uncertainty in Distribution Network Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning

    Guanfu Wang1, Yudie Sun1, Jinling Li2,3,*, Yu Jiang1, Chunhui Li1, Huanan Yu2,3, He Wang2,3, Shiqiang Li2,3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.6, pp. 1671-1695, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.047794

    Abstract Traditional optimal scheduling methods are limited to accurate physical models and parameter settings, which are difficult to adapt to the uncertainty of source and load, and there are problems such as the inability to make dynamic decisions continuously. This paper proposed a dynamic economic scheduling method for distribution networks based on deep reinforcement learning. Firstly, the economic scheduling model of the new energy distribution network is established considering the action characteristics of micro-gas turbines, and the dynamic scheduling model based on deep reinforcement learning is constructed for the new energy distribution network system with a More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal Configuration of Fault Location Measurement Points in DC Distribution Networks Based on Improved Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm

    Huanan Yu, Hangyu Li, He Wang, Shiqiang Li*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.6, pp. 1535-1555, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.046936

    Abstract The escalating deployment of distributed power sources and random loads in DC distribution networks has amplified the potential consequences of faults if left uncontrolled. To expedite the process of achieving an optimal configuration of measurement points, this paper presents an optimal configuration scheme for fault location measurement points in DC distribution networks based on an improved particle swarm optimization algorithm. Initially, a measurement point distribution optimization model is formulated, leveraging compressive sensing. The model aims to achieve the minimum number of measurement points while attaining the best compressive sensing reconstruction effect. It incorporates constraints from… More >

  • Open Access


    Research on Scheduling Strategy of Flexible Interconnection Distribution Network Considering Distributed Photovoltaic and Hydrogen Energy Storage

    Yang Li1,2, Jianjun Zhao2, Xiaolong Yang2, He Wang1,*, Yuyan Wang1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.5, pp. 1263-1289, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.046784

    Abstract Distributed photovoltaic (PV) is one of the important power sources for building a new power system with new energy as the main body. The rapid development of distributed PV has brought new challenges to the operation of distribution networks. In order to improve the absorption ability of large-scale distributed PV access to the distribution network, the AC/DC hybrid distribution network is constructed based on flexible interconnection technology, and a coordinated scheduling strategy model of hydrogen energy storage (HS) and distributed PV is established. Firstly, the mathematical model of distributed PV and HS system is established,… More >

  • Open Access


    Enhancing Energy Efficiency with a Dynamic Trust Measurement Scheme in Power Distribution Network

    Yilei Wang1, Xin Sun1, Guiping Zheng2,3, Ahmar Rashid4, Sami Ullah5, Hisham Alasmary6, Muhammad Waqas7,8,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3909-3927, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047767

    Abstract The application of Intelligent Internet of Things (IIoT) in constructing distribution station areas strongly supports platform transformation, upgrade, and intelligent integration. The sensing layer of IIoT comprises the edge convergence layer and the end sensing layer, with the former using intelligent fusion terminals for real-time data collection and processing. However, the influx of multiple low-voltage in the smart grid raises higher demands for the performance, energy efficiency, and response speed of the substation fusion terminals. Simultaneously, it brings significant security risks to the entire distribution substation, posing a major challenge to the smart grid. In… More >

  • Open Access


    Design of a Multifrequency Signal Parameter Estimation Method for the Distribution Network Based on HIpST

    Bin Liu1, Shuai Liang1, Renjie Ding1, Shuguang Li2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.3, pp. 729-746, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.044224

    Abstract The application of traditional synchronous measurement methods is limited by frequent fluctuations of electrical signals and complex frequency components in distribution networks. Therefore, it is critical to find solutions to the issues of multifrequency parameter estimation and synchronous measurement estimation accuracy in the complex environment of distribution networks. By utilizing the multifrequency sensing capabilities of discrete Fourier transform signals and Taylor series for dynamic signal processing, a multifrequency signal estimation approach based on HT-IpDFT-STWLS (HIpST) for distribution networks is provided. First, by introducing the Hilbert transform (HT), the influence of noise on the estimation algorithm… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal Location and Sizing of Multi-Resource Distributed Generator Based on Multi-Objective Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm

    Qiangfei Cao1, Huilai Wang2, Zijia Hui1, Lingyun Chen2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 499-521, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042702

    Abstract Distribution generation (DG) technology based on a variety of renewable energy technologies has developed rapidly. A large number of multi-type DG are connected to the distribution network (DN), resulting in a decline in the stability of DN operation. It is urgent to find a method that can effectively connect multi-energy DG to DN. photovoltaic (PV), wind power generation (WPG), fuel cell (FC), and micro gas turbine (MGT) are considered in this paper. A multi-objective optimization model was established based on the life cycle cost (LCC) of DG, voltage quality, voltage fluctuation, system network loss, power… More >

  • Open Access


    Distribution Line Longitudinal Protection Method Based on Virtual Measurement Current Restraint

    Wei Wang1, Yang Yu1, Simin Luo2,*, Wenlin Liu2, Wei Tang1, Yuanbo Ye1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 315-337, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042082

    Abstract As an effective approach to achieve the “dual-carbon” goal, the grid-connected capacity of renewable energy increases constantly. Photovoltaics are the most widely used renewable energy sources and have been applied on various occasions. However, the inherent randomness, intermittency, and weak support of grid-connected equipment not only cause changes in the original flow characteristics of the grid but also result in complex fault characteristics. Traditional overcurrent and differential protection methods cannot respond accurately due to the effects of unknown renewable energy sources. Therefore, a longitudinal protection method based on virtual measurement of current restraint is proposed More >

  • Open Access


    Coordinated Voltage Control of Distribution Network Considering Multiple Types of Electric Vehicles

    Liang Liu, Guangda Xu*, Yuan Zhao, Yi Lu, Yu Li, Jing Gao

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 377-404, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.041311

    Abstract The couple between the power network and the transportation network (TN) is deepening gradually with the increasing penetration rate of electric vehicles (EV), which also poses a great challenge to the traditional voltage control scheme. In this paper, we propose a coordinated voltage control strategy for the active distribution networks considering multiple types of EV. In the first stage, the action of on-load tap changer and capacitor banks, etc., are determined by optimal power flow calculation, and the node electricity price is also determined based on dynamic time-of-use tariff mechanism. In the second stage, multiple… More >

  • Open Access


    Application of DSAPSO Algorithm in Distribution Network Reconfiguration with Distributed Generation

    Caixia Tao, Shize Yang*, Taiguo Li

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.1, pp. 187-201, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042421

    Abstract With the current integration of distributed energy resources into the grid, the structure of distribution networks is becoming more complex. This complexity significantly expands the solution space in the optimization process for network reconstruction using intelligent algorithms. Consequently, traditional intelligent algorithms frequently encounter insufficient search accuracy and become trapped in local optima. To tackle this issue, a more advanced particle swarm optimization algorithm is proposed. To address the varying emphases at different stages of the optimization process, a dynamic strategy is implemented to regulate the social and self-learning factors. The Metropolis criterion is introduced into… More >

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