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  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Exercise and exerkine upregulation: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor as a potential non-pharmacological therapeutic strategy for Parkinson’s disease

    VIRAAJ VISHNU PRASAD, JENNIFER SALLY SAMSON, VENKATACHALAM DEEPA PARVATHI*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.5, pp. 693-706, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.048776

    Abstract Physical activity and exercise have several beneficial roles in enhancing both physiological and psychological well-being of an individual. In addition to aiding the regulation of aerobic and anaerobic metabolism, exercise can stimulate the synthesis of exerkine hormones in the circulatory system. Among several exerkines that have been investigated for their therapeutic potential, Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is considered the most promising candidate, especially in the management of neurodegenerative diseases. Owing to the ability of physical activity to enhance BDNF synthesis, several experimental studies conducted so far have validated this hypothesis and produced satisfactory results at More > Graphic Abstract

    Exercise and exerkine upregulation: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor as a potential non-pharmacological therapeutic strategy for Parkinson’s disease

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Relationships between Features of Emerging Adulthood, Situated Decisions toward Physical Activity, and Physical Activity among College Students: The Moderating Role of Exercise-Intensity Tolerance

    Jinghua Chen1,#, Zihe Wang2,#, Fabian Herold3, Alyx Taylor4, Jin Kuang1, Ting Wang1, Arthur F. Kramer5,6, Liye Zou1,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.11, pp. 1209-1217, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.030539

    Abstract A significant portion of emerging adults do not achieve recommended levels of physical activity (PA). Previous studies observed associations between features of emerging adulthood and PA levels, while the potential psychological mechanisms that might explain this phenomenon are not fully understood. In this context, there is some evidence that situated decisions toward physical activity (SDPA) and exercise-intensity tolerance might influence PA level. To provide empirical support for this assumption, the current study investigated whether (i) features of emerging adulthood are linked to SDPA, which, in turn, might affect PA engagement; (ii) exercise-intensity tolerance moderate the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Exercise Recommendation with Preferences and Expectations Based on Ability Computation

    Mengjuan Li, Lei Niu*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 263-284, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041193

    Abstract In the era of artificial intelligence, cognitive computing, based on cognitive science; and supported by machine learning and big data, brings personalization into every corner of our social life. Recommendation systems are essential applications of cognitive computing in educational scenarios. They help learners personalize their learning better by computing student and exercise characteristics using data generated from relevant learning progress. The paper introduces a Learning and Forgetting Convolutional Knowledge Tracking Exercise Recommendation model (LFCKT-ER). First, the model computes studentsʼ ability to understand each knowledge concept, and the learning progress of each knowledge concept, and the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Who Benefits More from Physical Exercise? On the Relations between Personality, Physical Exercise, and Well-Being

    Jialing Miao1, Wei Liao2,*, Baoguo Xie3

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.10, pp. 1147-1157, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.030671

    Abstract Although employers believe that encouraging and supporting physical exercise activities by purchasing fitness equipment and building sports venues can improve employees’ well-being, the utilization rate is rather low. Since most of the evidence of the well-being promotion in the workplace concentrated on the perspectives of organizational factors and psychosocial factors and focused on the reduction of the negative affect of well-being, it is still an open question whether physical exercise has benefits on both negative and positive affect of wellbeing and who benefits more from physical exercise. Thus, the purpose of this study is to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Bifactor Analysis Approach to Construct Validity and Reliability of the Affective Exercise Experience Questionnaire among Chinese College Students

    Ting Wang1, Markus Gerber2, Fabian Herold3, Joseph Bardeen4, Sebastian Ludyga2, Alyx Taylor5, Arthur F. Kramer6,7, Liye Zou1,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.9, pp. 995-1008, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.029804

    Abstract Affective exercise experience as an emerging theoretical concept has great potential to provide a more nuanced understanding of individual factors that influence exercise behavior. However, concerning the Affective Exercise Experiences (AFFEXX) questionnaire, it has not been examined yet whether the structural score of the AFFEXX is a useful index to predict physical activity (refers to any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure). Furthermore, there is currently a gap in knowledge regarding the psychological mechanisms that can explain the relationship between affective exercise experiences and the level of physical activity (PA). In… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Signal Processing and AI-based Assessment of Rehabilitation Exercises for Diastasis Recti Abdominis

    R. Karthik1, R. Menaka1,*, P. Ponmathi2, Daehan Won3, P. Vinitha Joshy1, J. G. Aravindan4, S. Harshavardhan4, K. V. S. D. Aashish kumar4, R. Akileshkumar4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 333-348, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.037661

    Abstract Diastasis Recti Abdominis (DRA) is the separation of abdominal recti muscles which occurs in women during their pregnancy and postpartum time. This is because of the stretching of the linea alba, a fibrous connective tissue on the abdominal wall. The Linea Alba is elastic and retracts back after the delivery of the baby. When this tissue gets overstretched, it loses its elasticity and the gap in the abdominals may not be closed leading to DRA. The motive of this research is to analyze the postpartum rehabilitation for signals from Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) sensors. The… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Relationship between Exercise and Psychotic Symptoms in College Students: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

    Yangjuan Ye, Haijun Tang*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.7, pp. 873-879, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.028107

    Abstract An increasing number of studies have suggested that increased physical activity is associated with less mental illness. However, the relationship between exercise and psychotic experiences (PEs) is still unknown. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between exercise and PEs in college students in the United States. Data from the Health Mind Survey (2020–2021 round) were analyzed. Respondents included 137,916 college students who were asked about exercise and PEs (lifetime psychotic experiences, delusions, and hallucinations). A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the relationship between exercise and PEs while controlling More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Validation of the Chinese Version of the Affective Exercise Experiences Questionnaire (AFFEXX-C)

    Ting Wang1, Boris Cheval2,3, Silvio Maltagliati4, Zachary Zenko5, Fabian Herold6, Sebastian Ludyga7, Markus Gerber7, Yan Luo8, Layan Fessler4, Notger G. Müller6, Liye Zou1,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.7, pp. 799-812, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.028324

    Abstract Despite the well-established benefits of regular physical activity (PA) on health, a large proportion of the world population does not achieve the recommended level of regular PA. Although affective experiences toward PA may play a key role to foster a sustained engagement in PA, they have been largely overlooked and crudely measured in the existing studies. To address this shortcoming, the Affective Exercise Experiences (AFFEXX) questionnaire has been developed to measure such experiences. Specifically, this questionnaire was developped to assess the following three domains: antecedent appraisals (e.g., liking vs. disliking exercise in groups), core affective… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Google Scholar University Ranking Algorithm to Evaluate the Quality of Institutional Research

    Noor Ul Sabah1, Muhammad Murad Khan1,*, Ramzan Talib1, Muhammad Anwar2, Muhammad Sheraz Arshad Malik3, Puteri Nor Ellyza Nohuddin4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 4955-4972, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.037436

    Abstract Education quality has undoubtedly become an important local and international benchmark for education, and an institute’s ranking is assessed based on the quality of education, research projects, theses, and dissertations, which has always been controversial. Hence, this research paper is influenced by the institutes ranking all over the world. The data of institutes are obtained through Google Scholar (GS), as input to investigate the United Kingdom’s Research Excellence Framework (UK-REF) process. For this purpose, the current research used a Bespoke Program to evaluate the institutes’ ranking based on their source. The bespoke program requires changes… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Acute Effects of Virtual Reality Exercise on Young Adults’ Blood Pressure and Feelings

    Pablo Saiz-Gonzalez1,2, Daniel J. McDonough3, Wenxi Liu4, Zan Gao1,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.5, pp. 711-719, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.027530

    Abstract Virtual reality (VR) seems to have the potential to provide opportunities to promote physical activity (PA) in a fun way. This paper aimed to examine the acute effects of three different virtual reality-based exercise bikes on young adults’ blood pressure (BP) and feelings compared to a traditional exercise cycling session. Four exercise sessions (immersive VR cycling, two non-immersive VR cycling, and traditional cycling) were completed by 36 young adults (22 females; Mage = 23.6 years). BP was measured immediately before and after each session using a BP cuff and exercise-induced feelings were assessed via an established… More >

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