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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Coupled Thermomechanical Crack Propagation Behavior of Brittle Materials by Peridynamic Differential Operator

    Tianyi Li1,2, Xin Gu2, Qing Zhang2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 339-361, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047566

    Abstract This study proposes a comprehensive, coupled thermomechanical model that replaces local spatial derivatives in classical differential thermomechanical equations with nonlocal integral forms derived from the peridynamic differential operator (PDDO), eliminating the need for calibration procedures. The model employs a multi-rate explicit time integration scheme to handle varying time scales in multi-physics systems. Through simulations conducted on granite and ceramic materials, this model demonstrates its effectiveness. It successfully simulates thermal damage behavior in granite arising from incompatible mineral expansion and accurately calculates thermal crack propagation in ceramic slabs during quenching. To account for material heterogeneity, the model utilizes the Shuffle algorithm… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Conditional Generative Adversarial Network Enabled Localized Stress Recovery of Periodic Composites

    Chengkan Xu1,2,4, Xiaofei Wang3, Yixuan Li2, Guannan Wang2,*, He Zhang2,4,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 957-974, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047327

    Abstract Structural damage in heterogeneous materials typically originates from microstructures where stress concentration occurs. Therefore, evaluating the magnitude and location of localized stress distributions within microstructures under external loading is crucial. Repeating unit cells (RUCs) are commonly used to represent microstructural details and homogenize the effective response of composites. This work develops a machine learning-based micromechanics tool to accurately predict the stress distributions of extracted RUCs. The locally exact homogenization theory efficiently generates the microstructural stresses of RUCs with a wide range of parameters, including volume fraction, fiber/matrix property ratio, fiber shapes, and loading direction. Subsequently, the conditional generative adversarial network… More > Graphic Abstract

    Conditional Generative Adversarial Network Enabled Localized Stress Recovery of Periodic Composites

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Blade Wrap Angle Impact on Centrifugal Pump Performance: Entropy Generation and Fluid-Structure Interaction Analysis

    Hayder Kareem Sakran1,2, Mohd Sharizal Abdul Aziz1,*, Chu Yee Khor3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 109-137, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047245

    Abstract The centrifugal pump is a prevalent power equipment widely used in different engineering patterns, and the impeller blade wrap angle significantly impacts its performance. A numerical investigation was conducted to analyze the influence of the blade wrap angle on flow characteristics and energy distribution of a centrifugal pump evaluated as a low specific speed with a value of 69. This study investigates six impeller models that possess varying blade wrap angles (95°, 105°, 115°, 125°, 135°, and 145°) that were created while maintaining the same volute and other geometrical characteristics. The investigation of energy loss was conducted to evaluate the… More > Graphic Abstract

    Blade Wrap Angle Impact on Centrifugal Pump Performance: Entropy Generation and Fluid-Structure Interaction Analysis

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Therapeutic and regenerative potential of different sources of mesenchymal stem cells for cardiovascular diseases

    YARA ALZGHOUL, HALA J. BANI ISSA, AHMAD K. SANAJLEH, TAQWA ALABDUH, FATIMAH RABABAH, MAHA AL-SHDAIFAT, EJLAL ABU-EL-RUB*, FATIMAH ALMAHASNEH, RAMADA R. KHASAWNEH, AYMAN ALZU’BI, HUTHAIFA MAGABLEH

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.4, pp. 559-569, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.048056

    Abstract Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are ideal candidates for treating many cardiovascular diseases. MSCs can modify the internal cardiac microenvironment to facilitate their immunomodulatory and differentiation abilities, which are essential to restore heart function. MSCs can be easily isolated from different sources, including bone marrow, adipose tissues, umbilical cord, and dental pulp. MSCs from various sources differ in their regenerative and therapeutic abilities for cardiovascular disorders. In this review, we will summarize the therapeutic potential of each MSC source for heart diseases and highlight the possible molecular mechanisms of each source to restore cardiac function. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    miR-30a-5p/PHTF2 axis regulates the tumorigenesis and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma

    LIJUAN ZHANG1,#, QINGYIN MENG2,#, LI ZHUANG1, QUAN GONG1, XIANDA HUANG3, XUEQIN LI1, SHIJUAN LI1, GUOQIN WANG4, XICAI WANG5,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.4, pp. 581-590, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.047260

    Abstract Background: Lung adenocarcinoma is a very pervasive histological form of lung cancers, and inhibiting metastasis is crucial for effective treatment. In this investigation, we explored the functional interaction of miR-30a-5p and the putative transcription factor 2 of the homeodomain (PHTF2) in dictating the aggressiveness and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma. Method: We collected clinical samples to evaluate the expression patterns of miR-30a-5p and PHTF2 in lung adenocarcinoma along with normal tissues. Cellular experiments including cell count kit (CCK)-8 growth assay, apoptosis analysis, migration and invasion examinations were performed to assess the aggressiveness of lung adenocarcinoma cells. Furthermore, we examined tumorigenesis and… More > Graphic Abstract

    miR-30a-5p/PHTF2 axis regulates the tumorigenesis and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid metagenomic next-generation sequencing assay for identifying pathogens in lung cancer patients

    JIYU WANG1,2, HUIXIA LI1,2, DEYUAN ZHOU1,2, LIHONG BAI1,2, KEJING TANG1,2,3,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.4, pp. 623-637, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.030420

    Abstract Background: For patients with lung cancer, timely identification of new lung lesions as infectious or non-infectious, and accurate identification of pathogens is very important in improving OS of patients. As a new auxiliary examination, metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) is believed to be more accurate in diagnosing infectious diseases in patients without underlying diseases, compared with conventional microbial tests (CMTs). We designed this study to find out whether mNGS has better performance in distinguishing infectious and non-infectious diseases in lung cancer patients using bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Materials and Methods: This study was a real-world retrospective review based on electronic medical… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Securing Mobile Cloud-Based Electronic Health Records: A Blockchain-Powered Cryptographic Solution with Enhanced Privacy and Efficiency

    Umer Nauman1, Yuhong Zhang2, Zhihui Li3, Tong Zhen1,3,*

    Journal of Intelligent Medicine and Healthcare, Vol.2, pp. 15-34, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jimh.2024.048784

    Abstract The convergence of handheld devices and cloud-based computing has transformed how Electronic Health Records (EHRs) are stored in mobile cloud paradigms, offering benefits such as affordability, adaptability, and portability. However, it also introduces challenges regarding network security and data confidentiality, as it aims to exchange EHRs among mobile users while maintaining high levels of security. This study proposes an innovative blockchain-based solution to these issues and presents secure cloud storage for healthcare data. To provide enhanced cryptography, the proposed method combines an enhanced Blowfish encryption method with a new key generation technique called Elephant Herding Optimization with Resistance-Based Training (EHO-RBT).… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Bio-Based Rigid Polyurethane Foams for Cryogenic Insulation

    Laima Vevere*, Beatrise Sture, Vladimir Yakushin, Mikelis Kirpluks, Ugis Cabulis

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.3, pp. 585-602, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.047350

    Abstract Cryogenic insulation material rigid polyurethane (PU) foams were developed using bio-based and recycled feedstock. Polyols obtained from tall oil fatty acids produced as a side stream of wood biomass pulping and recycled polyethylene terephthalate were used to develop rigid PU foam formulations. The 4th generation physical blowing agents with low global warming potential and low ozone depletion potential were used to develop rigid PU foam cryogenic insulation with excellent mechanical and thermal properties. Obtained rigid PU foams had a thermal conductivity coefficient as low as 0.0171 W/m·K and an apparent density of 37–40 kg/m3. The developed rigid PU foams had… More > Graphic Abstract

    Bio-Based Rigid Polyurethane Foams for Cryogenic Insulation

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Influence of Internet Use on Women’s Depression and Its Countermeasures—Empirical Analysis Based on Data from CFPS

    Dengke Xu1, Linlin Shen1, Fangzhong Xu2,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.26, No.3, pp. 229-238, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2024.046023

    Abstract Based on China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) 2018 data, the multiple linear regression model is used to analyze the effects of Internet use on women’s depression, and to test the robustness of the regression results. At the same time, the effects of Internet use on mental health of women with different residence, age, marital status and physical health status are analyzed. Then, we can obtain that Internet use has a significant promoting effect on women’s mental health, while the degree of Internet use has a significant inhibitory effect on women’s mental health. In addition, the study found that women’s age,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Genome-Wide Exploration of the Grape GLR Gene Family and Differential Responses of VvGLR3.1 and VvGLR3.2 to Low Temperature and Salt Stress

    Honghui Sun1,2,#, Ruichao Liu1,2,#, Yueting Qi1, Hongsheng Gao1, Xueting Wang1, Ning Jiang1,2, Xiaotong Guo1,2, Hongxia Zhang1, Chunyan Yu1,2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.3, pp. 533-549, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.049417

    Abstract Grapes, one of the oldest tree species globally, are rich in vitamins. However, environmental conditions such as low temperature and soil salinization significantly affect grape yield and quality. The glutamate receptor (GLR) family, comprising highly conserved ligand-gated ion channels, regulates plant growth and development in response to stress. In this study, 11 members of the VvGLR gene family in grapes were identified using whole-genome sequence analysis. Bioinformatic methods were employed to analyze the basic physical and chemical properties, phylogenetic trees, conserved domains, motifs, expression patterns, and evolutionary relationships. Phylogenetic and collinear analyses revealed that the VvGLRs were divided into three… More >

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