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Search Results (104)
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Polo-like kinase 1 as a biomarker predicts the prognosis and immunotherapy of breast invasive carcinoma patients

    JUAN SHEN1,#, WEIYU ZHANG2,3,#, QINQIN JIN2,3,#, FUYU GONG4,#, HEPING ZHANG5, HONGLIANG XU5, JIEJIE LI2,3, HUI YAO2,3, XIYA JIANG2,3, YINTING YANG2,3, LIN HONG2,3, JIE MEI2,3, YANG SONG6,*, SHUGUANG ZHOU2,3,7,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.2, pp. 339-351, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.030887

    Abstract Background: Invasive breast carcinoma (BRCA) is associated with poor prognosis and high risk of mortality. Therefore, it is critical to identify novel biomarkers for the prognostic assessment of BRCA. Methods: The expression data of polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) in BRCA and the corresponding clinical information were extracted from TCGA and GEO databases. PLK1 expression was validated in diverse breast cancer cell lines by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blotting. Single sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) was performed to evaluate immune infiltration in the BRCA microenvironment, and the random forest (RF) and support vector machine (SVM) algorithms… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Bioinformatic analysis and in vivo validation of angiogenesis related genes in inflammatory bowel disease

    ZEPENG DONG, CHENYE ZHAO, SHIBO HU, KUI YANG, JUNHUI YU*, XUEJUN SUN, JIANBAO ZHENG*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.12, pp. 2735-2745, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.043422

    Abstract Objectives: Angiogenesis plays a significant role in the occurrence and development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study is to explore potential angiogenesis related genes (ARGs) in IBD through bioinformatics analysis and in vivo experiments. Methods: GSE57945, GSE87466, and GSE36807 were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. GSE57945 was used as the training set, while GSE87466 and GSE36807 were used as the validation set. The key ARGs associated with IBD were identified using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and random forest methods. These identified ARGs were then utilized to construct a diagnostic model… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification of an immune classifier for predicting the prognosis and therapeutic response in triple-negative breast cancer

    KUAILU LIN1,2, QIANYU GU2, XIXI LAI2,3,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.12, pp. 2681-2696, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.043298

    Abstract Objectives: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) poses a significant challenge due to the lack of reliable prognostic gene signatures and an understanding of its immune behavior. Methods: We analyzed clinical information and mRNA expression data from 162 TNBC patients in TCGA-BRCA and 320 patients in METABRIC-BRCA. Utilizing weighted gene coexpression network analysis, we pinpointed 34 TNBC immune genes linked to survival. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator Cox regression method identified key TNBC immune candidates for prognosis prediction. We calculated chemotherapy sensitivity scores using the “pRRophetic” package in R software and assessed immunotherapy response using the Tumor Immune Dysfunction and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Regulation of RNA methylation and immune infiltration patterns by m5C regulators in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

    SHIDA HOU1,#, TIANJUN LAN2,#, YAOCHENG YANG3,#, PEISHENG LIANG1, XIN LIU4,5, JUNJIE WANG6, ZHIFENG CHEN7, RONGSHENG ZENG1,*, ZIJING HUANG8,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.12, pp. 2641-2660, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.043291

    Abstract Background: 5-Methylcytosine (m5C) methylation contributes to the development and progression of various malignant tumors. This study aimed to explore the potential role of m5C methylation regulators (m5CMRs) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Methods: The transcription data of HNSCC samples were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. Subsequently, the m5C patterns in HNSCC were evaluated based on 14 m5CMRs. Then, the m5Cscore was developed to quantify m5C patterns by using principal component analysis (PCA) algorithms. Two single-cell RNA sequencing datasets and various methods were employed to assess the prognostic value… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analytical and Numerical Methods to Study the MFPT and SR of a Stochastic Tumor-Immune Model

    Ying Zhang1, Wei Li1,*, Guidong Yang1, Snezana Kirin2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2177-2199, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030728

    Abstract The Mean First-Passage Time (MFPT) and Stochastic Resonance (SR) of a stochastic tumor-immune model with noise perturbation are discussed in this paper. Firstly, considering environmental perturbation, Gaussian white noise and Gaussian colored noise are introduced into a tumor growth model under immune surveillance. As follows, the long-time evolution of the tumor characterized by the Stationary Probability Density (SPD) and MFPT is obtained in theory on the basis of the Approximated Fokker-Planck Equation (AFPE). Herein the recurrence of the tumor from the extinction state to the tumor-present state is more concerned in this paper. A more efficient algorithm of Back-Propagation Neural… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Diagnostic and classification value of immune-related lncRNAs in dilated cardiomyopathy

    CONGCHEN BAI1, QIHANG KONG2, HAO TANG2, SHUWEN ZHANG2, JUNTENG ZHOU3,*, XIAOJING LIU2,4,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.11, pp. 2517-2533, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.043864

    Abstract Background: Various physiological mechanisms are linked to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) development, including oxidative stress, immune irregularities, inflammation, fibrosis, and genetic changes. However, precise molecular drivers of DCM, especially regarding abnormal immune responses, remain unclear. This study investigates immune-related long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in DCM’s diagnostic and therapeutic potential. Methods: GSE141910, GSE135055, and GSE165303 datasets were acquired from the GEO database. LASSO, SVM-RFE, and random forest algorithms identified DCM-associated immune-related lncRNAs. Diagnostic capabilities were assessed by Nomogram and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Multivariate linear regression explored lncRNA correlations with ejection fraction. Single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) gauged immune cell… More > Graphic Abstract

    Diagnostic and classification value of immune-related lncRNAs in dilated cardiomyopathy

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    FGD5 as a novel prognostic biomarker and its association with immune infiltrates in lung adenocarcinoma

    ZHONGXIANG TANG1,2, LILI WANG1,2, GUOJUN WU1,2, LING QIN1,2,*, YURONG TAN1,2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.11, pp. 2503-2516, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.031565

    Abstract Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has a poor prognosis with a low 5-year survival rate. Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) accounts for 50%. Facio-genital dysplasia-5 (FGD5), a member of a subfamily of Rho GTP-GDP exchange factors, may be a good molecular biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis. Objective: To explore the clinical application of FGD5, the study was designed to investigate the prognosis value of FGD5 expression and its correlation with immune infiltrates in LUAD patients. Methods: Through the Wilcoxon signed-rank test and logistic regression, the correlation between clinical characteristics and FGD5 expression was analyzed. Kaplan–Meier plotter analysis, Cox regression, and a… More > Graphic Abstract

    FGD5 as a novel prognostic biomarker and its association with immune infiltrates in lung adenocarcinoma

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hsa_circ_0036740 in familial adenomatous polyposis: Immune regulation and neutrophil effects in CRC based on high-throughput assay

    ZHIWANG LI, HAN YU, YUPING LIU, WEISHENG WU, HAIJING ZENG, EN LI*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.11, pp. 2409-2422, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.031186

    Abstract Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant disease with a high probability of becoming cancerous. Many RNAs potentially associated with FAP have not been identified. In this study, a circRNA (circular RNA) expression profile of FAP was established using a circRNA microarray, and differentially expressed circRNAs were verified by RT-qPCR. The effects of hsa_circ_0036740 on the malignant behavior of tumor cells (proliferation, apoptosis, and epithelial mesenchymal transition) and the levels of C3A complement protein expression were evaluated. Moreover, neutrophils were isolated and co-cultured with colorectal cancer cells (CRCs), followed by measurements of MPO-DNA, citrullinated histone H3, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6,… More > Graphic Abstract

    Hsa_circ_0036740 in familial adenomatous polyposis: Immune regulation and neutrophil effects in CRC based on high-throughput assay

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Mannose metabolism and immune regulation: Insights into its therapeutic potential in immunology-related diseases

    QINGPAN BU, PING LI, YUNFEI XIA, XINPEI WEI, KAI SONG*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.11, pp. 2535-2546, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.030781

    Abstract Mannose, a different isomer of the hydroxyl group at the C-2 position of glucose, shares the same transport carrier protein with glucose to enter cells and participate in the regulation of glucose metabolism. It affects cell growth, differentiation, and function and plays an active role in tumor immunity and inflammatory processes. This paper provides theoretical support for expanding the clinical applications of mannose by exploring its constitution, metabolic pathways, and role in regulating immune cell function and treating immunology-related diseases. More > Graphic Abstract

    Mannose metabolism and immune regulation: Insights into its therapeutic potential in immunology-related diseases

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator 2 as a prognostic biomarker and immunotherapeutic indicator for clear cell renal cell carcinoma

    RENLONG ZHOU1,2,#, SHUANG LI3,#, XILIN XIAO1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.11, pp. 2397-2408, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.030281

    Abstract Background: In many cancer types, aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator 2 (ARNT2) has been found to be associated with tumor cell proliferation and prognosis. However, the role of ARNT2 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) has not been completely elucidated. In this study, the potential role of ARNT2 in ccRCC development was characterized. Methods: A pan-cancer dataset (TCGA-TARGET-GTEx) was accessed from UCSC Xena Data Browser. ARNT2 expression in normal and tumor samples was compared. Univariate Cox regression was performed to evaluate the prognostic value of ARNT2. Single sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) was used to estimate the enrichment… More >

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