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Search Results (102)
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Artificial Immune Detection for Network Intrusion Data Based on Quantitative Matching Method

    Cai Ming Liu1,2,3, Yan Zhang1,2,*, Zhihui Hu1,2, Chunming Xie1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2361-2389, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045282

    Abstract Artificial immune detection can be used to detect network intrusions in an adaptive approach and proper matching methods can improve the accuracy of immune detection methods. This paper proposes an artificial immune detection model for network intrusion data based on a quantitative matching method. The proposed model defines the detection process by using network data and decimal values to express features and artificial immune mechanisms are simulated to define immune elements. Then, to improve the accuracy of similarity calculation, a quantitative matching method is proposed. The model uses mathematical methods to train and evolve immune elements, increasing the diversity of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Immune checkpoint receptors and their ligands on CD8 T cells and myeloma cells in extramedullary multiple myeloma

    XIAN ZHANG1, ZHUANG ZHOU2, JUNZHE WANG1, MENGMENG HAN1, HAN LIU1, MEIRONG ZANG1, JIANNING LIU1, JIAPEI LU1, JINQIAO ZHANG1, GUOCHUAN ZHANG2,*, LIXIA SUN1,#,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 303-311, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.046640

    Abstract Background: Prognosis of multiple myeloma (MM) patients with extramedullary disease (EMD) remains poor. T cell dysfunction and an immunosuppressive environment have been reported in the bone marrow (BM) of MM patients. However, the immunosuppressive microenvironment and immune checkpoint receptors (ICRs) on CD8 T cells in the EMD tissue of newly diagnosed MM (NDMM) patients have not been thoroughly studied. Methods: We investigated the expression levels of T cell immunoglobulin mucin-domain-containing-3 (TIM-3) and T-cell immunoglobulin and ITIM domain (TIGIT) on CD8 T cells and the expression of their ligands (Galectin-9 and CD155) on myeloma cells in EMD tissue of NDMM patients.… More > Graphic Abstract

    Immune checkpoint receptors and their ligands on CD8 T cells and myeloma cells in extramedullary multiple myeloma

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A novel oxaliplatin-resistant gene signatures predicting survival of patients in colorectal cancer

    QIOU GU1, CHUILIN LAI1, XIAO GUAN1, JING ZHU2, TIAN ZHAN1, JIANPING ZHANG1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 253-269, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.028336

    Abstract Objectives: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a serious threat to human health worldwide. Oxaliplatin is a platinum analog and is widely used to treat CRC. However, resistance to oxaliplatin restricts its effectiveness and application while its target recognition and mechanism of action also remain unclear. Therefore, we aimed to develop an oxaliplatin-resistant prognostic model to clarify these aspects. Methods: We first obtained oxaliplatin-resistant and parental cell lines, and identified oxaliplatin-resistant genes using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and differential gene analysis. We then acquired relevant data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. Cox regression and Least Absolute… More > Graphic Abstract

    A novel oxaliplatin-resistant gene signatures predicting survival of patients in colorectal cancer

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    M2 macrophages predicted the prognosis of breast cancer by combing a novel immune cell signature and promoted cell migration and invasion of cancer cells in vitro

    QI XIA1, XING CHEN2, QINGHUA MA3, XIANXIU WEN2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 217-228, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.027414

    Abstract Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer death in women. Immune features play an important role in improving the prognosis prediction of BC. However, while previous immune signatures consisted mainly of immune genes, immune cell-based signatures have been rarely reported. Methods: In this study, we report that a novel immune cell signature is effective in improving prognostic prediction by combining M2 macrophages. We identified 17 differentially infiltrating immune cells between cancer and normal groups. Prognostic features of the four immune cells identified by LASSO COX analysis showed good performance for survival risk… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Low expression of fatty acid oxidation related gene ACADM indicates poor prognosis of renal clear cell carcinoma and is related to tumor immune infiltration

    JIECHUAN QIU1, TIANMIN YANG1, YANNING SUN2, KAI SUN2, YINGKUN XU3, QINGHUA XIA1,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.3, pp. 545-561, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.030462

    Abstract This research aims to identify the key fatty acid beta-oxidation (FAO) genes that are altered in kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) and to analyze the role of these genes in KIRC. The Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and FAO datasets were used to identify these key genes. Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to assess the levels of acyl-CoA dehydrogenase medium chain (ACADM) between KIRC and non-cancer samples. The logistic regression and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used to explore the association between ACADM and clinical features. The diagnostic performance of ACADM for KIRC was assessed using a diagnostic receiver… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Work Review on Clinical Laboratory Data Utilizing Machine Learning Use-Case Methodology

    Uma Ramasamy*, Sundar Santhoshkumar

    Journal of Intelligent Medicine and Healthcare, Vol.2, pp. 1-14, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jimh.2023.046995

    Abstract More than 140 autoimmune diseases have distinct autoantibodies and symptoms, and it makes it challenging to construct an appropriate model using Machine Learning (ML) for autoimmune disease. Arthritis-related autoimmunity requires special attention. Although many conventional biomarkers for arthritis have been established, more biomarkers of arthritis autoimmune diseases remain to be identified. This review focuses on the research conducted using data obtained from clinical laboratory testing of real-time arthritis patients. The collected data is labelled the Arthritis Profile Data (APD) dataset. The APD dataset is the retrospective data with many missing values. We undertook a comprehensive APD dataset study comprising four… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CRABP2 regulates infiltration of cancer-associated fibroblasts and immune response in melanoma

    SHUANGSHUANG ZENG1,2, XI CHEN1,2, QIAOLI YI1,2, ABHIMANYU THAKUR3, HUI YANG4,*, YUANLIANG YAN1,2, SHAO LIU1,2,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.2, pp. 261-272, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.042345

    Abstract Finding biomarkers for immunotherapy is an urgent issue in cancer treatment. Cellular retinoic acid-binding protein 2 (CRABP2) is a controversial factor in the occurrence and development of human tumors. However, there is limited research on the relationship between CRABP2 and immunotherapy response. This study found that negative correlations of CRABP2 and immune checkpoint markers (PD-1, PD-L1, and CTLA-4) were observed in breast invasive carcinoma (BRCA), skin cutaneous melanoma (SKCM), stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) and testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT). In particular, in SKCM patients who were treated with PD-1 inhibitors, high levels of CRABP2 predicted poor prognosis. Additionally, CRABP2 expression was… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Leveraging diverse cell-death patterns to predict the clinical outcome of immune checkpoint therapy in lung adenocarcinoma: Based on muti-omics analysis and vitro assay

    HONGYUAN LIANG1,#, YANQIU LI2,#, YONGGANG QU3, LINGYUN ZHANG4,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.2, pp. 393-407, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.031134

    Abstract Advanced LUAD shows limited response to treatment including immune therapy. With the development of sequencing omics, it is urgent to combine high-throughput multi-omics data to identify new immune checkpoint therapeutic response markers. Using GSE72094 (n = 386) and GSE31210 (n = 226) gene expression profile data in the GEO database, we identified genes associated with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) death using tools such as “edgeR” and “maftools” and visualized the characteristics of these genes using the “circlize” R package. We constructed a prognostic model based on death-related genes and optimized the model using LASSO-Cox regression methods. By calculating the cell death… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Polo-like kinase 1 as a biomarker predicts the prognosis and immunotherapy of breast invasive carcinoma patients

    JUAN SHEN1,#, WEIYU ZHANG2,3,#, QINQIN JIN2,3,#, FUYU GONG4,#, HEPING ZHANG5, HONGLIANG XU5, JIEJIE LI2,3, HUI YAO2,3, XIYA JIANG2,3, YINTING YANG2,3, LIN HONG2,3, JIE MEI2,3, YANG SONG6,*, SHUGUANG ZHOU2,3,7,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.2, pp. 339-351, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.030887

    Abstract Background: Invasive breast carcinoma (BRCA) is associated with poor prognosis and high risk of mortality. Therefore, it is critical to identify novel biomarkers for the prognostic assessment of BRCA. Methods: The expression data of polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) in BRCA and the corresponding clinical information were extracted from TCGA and GEO databases. PLK1 expression was validated in diverse breast cancer cell lines by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blotting. Single sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) was performed to evaluate immune infiltration in the BRCA microenvironment, and the random forest (RF) and support vector machine (SVM) algorithms… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Bioinformatic analysis and in vivo validation of angiogenesis related genes in inflammatory bowel disease

    ZEPENG DONG, CHENYE ZHAO, SHIBO HU, KUI YANG, JUNHUI YU*, XUEJUN SUN, JIANBAO ZHENG*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.12, pp. 2735-2745, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.043422

    Abstract Objectives: Angiogenesis plays a significant role in the occurrence and development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study is to explore potential angiogenesis related genes (ARGs) in IBD through bioinformatics analysis and in vivo experiments. Methods: GSE57945, GSE87466, and GSE36807 were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. GSE57945 was used as the training set, while GSE87466 and GSE36807 were used as the validation set. The key ARGs associated with IBD were identified using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and random forest methods. These identified ARGs were then utilized to construct a diagnostic model… More >

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