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  • Open Access


    Relative-Position Estimation Based on Loosely Coupled UWB–IMU Fusion for Wearable IoT Devices

    A. S. M. Sharifuzzaman Sagar1, Taein Kim1, Soyoung Park1, Hee Seh Lee2, Hyung Seok Kim1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.1, pp. 1941-1961, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035360

    Abstract Relative positioning is one of the important techniques in collaborative robotics, autonomous vehicles, and virtual/augmented reality (VR/AR) applications. Recently, ultra-wideband (UWB) has been utilized to calculate relative position as it does not require a line of sight compared to a camera to calculate the range between two objects with centimeter-level accuracy. However, the single UWB range measurement cannot provide the relative position and attitude of any device in three dimensions (3D) because of lacking bearing information. In this paper, we have proposed a UWB-IMU fusion-based relative position system to provide accurate relative position and attitude between wearable Internet of Things… More >

  • Open Access


    Classification of Request-Based Mobility Load Balancing in Fog Computing

    D. Deepa, K. R. Jothi*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 137-151, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.032485

    Abstract Every day, more and more data is being produced by the Internet of Things (IoT) applications. IoT data differ in amount, diversity, veracity, and velocity. Because of latency, various types of data handling in cloud computing are not suitable for many time-sensitive applications. When users move from one site to another, mobility also adds to the latency. By placing computing close to IoT devices with mobility support, fog computing addresses these problems. An efficient Load Balancing Algorithm (LBA) improves user experience and Quality of Service (QoS). Classification of Request (CoR) based Resource Adaptive LBA is suggested in this research. This… More >

  • Open Access


    Super Compact UWB Monopole Antenna for Small IoT Devices

    Ahmed Jamal Abdullah Al-Gburi1, Zahriladha Zakaria1,*, Merih Palandoken2, Imran Mohd Ibrahim1, A. A. Althuwayb3, Sarosh Ahmad4, Samir Salem Al-Bawri5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.2, pp. 2785-2799, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.028074

    Abstract This article introduces a novel, ultrawideband (UWB) planar monopole antenna printed on Roger RT/5880 substrate in a compact size for small Internet of Things (IoT) applications. The total electrical dimensions of the proposed compact UWB antenna are 0.19 λo × 0.215 λo × 0.0196 λo with the overall physical sizes of 15 mm × 17 mm × 1.548 mm at the lower resonance frequency of 3.8 GHz. The planar monopole antenna is fed through the linearly tapered microstrip line on a partially structured ground plane to achieve optimum impedance matching for UWB operation. The proposed compact UWB antenna has an… More >

  • Open Access


    Research on Known Vulnerability Detection Method Based on Firmware Analysis

    Wenjing Wang1, Tengteng Zhao1, Xiaolong Li1,*, Lei Huang1, Wei Zhang1, Hui Guo2

    Journal of Cyber Security, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 1-15, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jcs.2022.026816

    Abstract At present, the network security situation is becoming more and more serious. Malicious network attacks such as computer viruses, Trojans and hacker attacks are becoming more and more rampant. National and group network attacks such as network information war and network terrorism have a serious damage to the production and life of the whole society. At the same time, with the rapid development of Internet of Things and the arrival of 5G era, IoT devices as an important part of industrial Internet system, have become an important target of infiltration attacks by hostile forces. This paper describes the challenges facing… More >

  • Open Access


    Light-Weight Present Block Cipher Model for IoT Security on FPGA

    R. Bharathi*, N. Parvatham

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.33, No.1, pp. 35-49, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.020681

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) plays an essential role in connecting a small number of billion devices with people for diverse applications. The security and privacy with authentication are challenging work for IoT devices. A light-weight block cipher is designed and modeled with IoT security for real-time scenarios to overcome the above challenges. The light-weight PRESENT module with the integration of encryption (E)-decryption (D) is modeled and implemented on FPGA. The PRESENT module has 64-bit data input with 80/128/256-bit symmetric keys for IoT security. The PRESENT module performs16/32/64 round operations for state register and key updation. The design mainly uses… More >

  • Open Access


    Lightweight and Secure Mutual Authentication Scheme for IoT Devices Using CoAP Protocol

    S. Gladson Oliver1,*, T. Purusothaman2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.41, No.2, pp. 767-780, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.020888

    Abstract Internet of things enables every real world objects to be seamlessly integrated with traditional internet. Heterogeneous objects of real world are enhanced with capability to communicate, computing capabilities and standards to interoperate with existing network and these entities are resource constrained and vulnerable to various security attacks. Huge number of research works are being carried out to analyze various possible attacks and to propose standards for securing communication between devices in internet of things (IoT). In this article, a robust and lightweight authentication scheme for mutual authentication between client and server using constrained application protocol is proposed. Internet of things… More >

  • Open Access


    IoT Devices Authentication Using Artificial Neural Network

    Syed Shabih Ul Hasan1, Anwar Ghani1, Ikram Ud Din2, Ahmad Almogren3,*, Ayman Altameem4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 3701-3716, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020624

    Abstract User authentication is one of the critical concerns of information security. Users tend to use strong textual passwords, but remembering complex passwords is hard as they often write it on a piece of paper or save it in their mobile phones. Textual passwords are slightly unprotected and are easily attackable. The attacks include dictionary, shoulder surfing, and brute force. Graphical passwords overcome the shortcomings of textual passwords and are designed to aid memorability and ease of use. This paper proposes a Process-based Pattern Authentication (PPA) system for Internet of Things (IoT) devices that does not require a server to maintain… More >

  • Open Access


    Data-Driven Self-Learning Controller for Power-Aware Mobile Monitoring IoT Devices

    Michal Prauzek*, Tereza Paterova, Jaromir Konecny, Radek Martinek

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 2601-2618, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019705

    Abstract Nowadays, there is a significant need for maintenance free modern Internet of things (IoT) devices which can monitor an environment. IoT devices such as these are mobile embedded devices which provide data to the internet via Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN). LPWAN is a promising communications technology which allows machine to machine (M2M) communication and is suitable for small mobile embedded devices. The paper presents a novel data-driven self-learning (DDSL) controller algorithm which is dedicated to controlling small mobile maintenance-free embedded IoT devices. The DDSL algorithm is based on a modified Q-learning algorithm which allows energy efficient data-driven behavior… More >

  • Open Access


    NVM Storage in IoT Devices: Opportunities and Challenges

    Yang Liu1, Shan Zhao1,*, Wenhan Chen1, Xuran Ge1, Fang Liu2, Shuo Li3, Nong Xiao1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.38, No.3, pp. 393-409, 2021, DOI:10.32604/csse.2021.017224

    Abstract Edge storage stores the data directly at the data collection point, and does not need to transmit the collected data to the storage central server through the network. It is a critical technology that supports applications such as edge computing and 5G network applications, with lower network communication overhead, lower interaction delay and lower bandwidth cost. However, with the explosion of data and higher real-time requirements, the traditional Internet of Things (IoT) storage architecture cannot meet the requirements of low latency and large capacity. Non-volatile memory (NVM) presents new possibilities regarding this aspect. This paper classifies the different storage architectures… More >

  • Open Access


    Three-Dimensional Distance-Error-Correction-Based Hop Localization Algorithm for IoT Devices

    Deepak Prashar1, Gyanendra Prasad Joshi2, Sudan Jha1, Eunmok Yang3, Kwang Chul Son4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.2, pp. 1529-1549, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012986

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) is envisioned as a network of various wireless sensor nodes communicating with each other to offer state-of-the-art solutions to real-time problems. These networks of wireless sensors monitor the physical environment and report the collected data to the base station, allowing for smarter decisions. Localization in wireless sensor networks is to localize a sensor node in a two-dimensional plane. However, in some application areas, such as various surveillances, underwater monitoring systems, and various environmental monitoring applications, wireless sensors are deployed in a three-dimensional plane. Recently, localization-based applications have emerged as one of the most promising services… More >

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