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  • Open Access



    Nazia Afrina,*, Jonathan Lopez, Juan Ocampo

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.18, pp. 1-7, 2022, DOI:10.5098/hmt.18.46

    Abstract Large number of numerical computer simulations in engineering places is a serious burden on associated optimization problems nowadays. Kriging Surrogate based optimization (KSBO) becomes standard practice in analyzing expensive and time-consuming simulation. This paper aims to investigate the surrogate based analyze and optimization of thermal damage in living biological tissue by laser irradiation using a generalized duel phase model. The relationships of maximum temperature and thermal damage in living biological tissues of the response with two variables at a time are studied. The result shows that the surrogate model predicted response variables i.e, temperature and thermal damage are in good… More >

  • Open Access


    Remarkably Enhanced Photodegradation of Organic Pollutants by NH2-UiO-66/ZnO Composite under Visible-Light Irradiation

    Dehong Teng1,#, Jing Zhang1,#, Xinzhi Luo1, Fei Jing1, Hengwei Wang1, Jing Chen1,* , Chao Yang1, Shaohong Zang1,*, Yingtang Zhou1,2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.9, pp. 2378-2391, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.019209

    Abstract Semiconductor photocatalysis is a novel highly efficient and low-cost method for removing organic pollutants from wastewater. However, the photoreduction performance of semiconductors on organic pollutants is limited due to the weak absorption of visible light caused by its wide band gap and low carrier utilization rate resulting from severe electron-holes recombination. In the present study, flower-like NH2-UiO-66 (NU66)/ZnO nanocomposites were prepared using a facile method and exhibited high efficiency under visible light driven photocatalysts. The X-ray diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmitor electron microscope (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to characterize the prepared samples, indicating that… More > Graphic Abstract

    Remarkably Enhanced Photodegradation of Organic Pollutants by NH<sub>2</sub>-UiO-66/ZnO Composite under Visible-Light Irradiation

  • Open Access


    Hybrid Ensemble-Learning Approach for Renewable Energy Resources Evaluation in Algeria

    El-Sayed M. El-Kenawy1,2, Abdelhameed Ibrahim3, Nadjem Bailek4,*, Kada Bouchouicha5, Muhammed A. Hassan6, Basharat Jamil7, Nadhir Al-Ansari8

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.3, pp. 5837-5854, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.023257

    Abstract In order to achieve a highly accurate estimation of solar energy resource potential, a novel hybrid ensemble-learning approach, hybridizing Advanced Squirrel-Search Optimization Algorithm (ASSOA) and support vector regression, is utilized to estimate the hourly tilted solar irradiation for selected arid regions in Algeria. Long-term measured meteorological data, including mean-air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, alongside global horizontal irradiation and extra-terrestrial horizontal irradiance, were obtained for the two cities of Tamanrasset-and-Adrar for two years. Five computational algorithms were considered and analyzed for the suitability of estimation. Further two new algorithms, namely Average Ensemble and Ensemble using support vector regression were developed… More >

  • Open Access


    Artificial Intelligence Based Solar Radiation Predictive Model Using Weather Forecasts

    Sathish Babu Pandu1,*, A. Sagai Francis Britto2, Pudi Sekhar3, P. Vijayarajan4, Amani Abdulrahman Albraikan5, Fahd N. Al-Wesabi6, Mesfer Al Duhayyim7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.1, pp. 109-124, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.021015

    Abstract Solar energy has gained attention in the past two decades, since it is an effective renewable energy source that causes no harm to the environment. Solar Irradiation Prediction (SIP) is essential to plan, schedule, and manage photovoltaic power plants and grid-based power generation systems. Numerous models have been proposed for SIP in the literature while such studies demand huge volumes of weather data about the target location for a lengthy period of time. In this scenario, commonly available Artificial Intelligence (AI) technique can be trained over past values of irradiance as well as weather-related parameters such as temperature, humidity, wind… More >

  • Open Access


    Healing Effect and Underlying Mechanism of Silver Nanoparticles Prepared Using Carboxymethyl Chitosan under Solar Irradiation

    Yi Long1,#,* , Chunling Zhang2,#,*, Lan Chen3,#, Tietao Di2, Lu Chen2, Lisha Tang2, Kaizhong Luo2, Yu Yan1, Pingzhen Tong2, Jie Xiang4

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.6, pp. 1075-1085, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.014555

    Abstract In our previous study, silver nanoparticles were prepared using AgNO3 and carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS) which is commercially available with solar irradiation. In this study, the efficacy and safety of silver nanoparticles prepared by this method were evaluated for healing wounds in rats with diabetes. We also attempted to determine the underlying mechanism and influencing factors of the silver nanomaterial preparation method. Compared with growth factors, silver nanoparticles exhibit better healing effects for rats with diabetes. No remnant silver ions were detected in the major organs of these rats after the application of silver nanoparticles. Silver nanoparticles prepared using CMCS are… More >

  • Open Access


    The Application of Cellulose Nanocrystals Modified with Succinic Anhydride under the Microwave Irradiation for Preparation of Polylactic Acid Nanocomposites

    Ewa Szefer*, Agnieszka Leszczyńska, Edyta Hebda, Krzysztof Pielichowski

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.6, pp. 1127-1142, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.014584

    Abstract The aim of this work was to use cellulose nanocrystals that were obtained by hydrolysis in phosphoric acid solution and further modified with succinic anhydride in the microwave field for PLA reinforcement. A series of all-bionanocomposites containing unmodified and surface modified cellulose nanocrystals with CNC content in the range of 1–3 %w.t. were obtained by melt blending and tested by XRD, SEM, DSC and DMA to investigate the effect of surface esterification of CNCs on the structure, morphology, dynamic mechanical properties of bionanocomposites, as well as phase transitions of PLA in the presence of cellulosic nanofiller. DMA investigations showed the… More > Graphic Abstract

    The Application of Cellulose Nanocrystals Modified with Succinic Anhydride under the Microwave Irradiation for Preparation of Polylactic Acid Nanocomposites

  • Open Access


    Dissolution and Degradation of Spent Radioactive Cation Exchange Resin by Fenton Oxidation Combining Microwave

    Jiangbo Li1,2, Lielin Wang1,2,*, Hua Xie1,2, Xiaoyu Li1,2, Zhiqiang Feng1,2, Wenxiu Zhang1,2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.117, No.3, pp. 129-142, 2020, DOI:10.32604/EE.2020.010336

    Abstract This study introduced a significantly effective approach called the microwave-enhanced Fenton method to degrade spent radioactive cation exchange resin. Compared with the Fenton (99% after 180 min) and photo-Fenton (90% after 198 min) reactions, this unique microwave-enhanced Fenton reaction has the highest degradation rate for spent radioactive cation exchange resin degradation (98.55% after 60 min). Carbon dioxide, sulfate and small molecular compounds were produced in the degradation of cation exchange resin, as determined by XRD and FT-IR. A model for the microwave-enhanced Fenton degradation mechanism of cation exchange resin was constructed. Microwaves were implemented to boost the concentration of hydroxyl… More >

  • Open Access


    Physicochemical Characterization and Antimicrobial Properties of Inulin Acetate Obtained by Microwave-Assisted Synthesis

    Nadezhda Petkova1,*, Radka Arabadzhieva1, Dragomir Vassilev2, Gergana Gencheva1, Yulian Tumbarski3, Tsveteslava Ignatova-Ivanova4, Sevginar Ibryamova4, Mina Todorova1, Milena Koleva2, Panteley Denev1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.8, No.4, pp. 365-381, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2020.09292

    Abstract Microwave-assisted irradiation was performed for esterification of chicory inulin with high degree of polymerization with acetic anhydride without a solvent only with a catalyst. The resulting esters were characterized by melting point, hydrophilic-lipophilic balance, thin-layer chromatography, ultraviolet spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Inulin acetate demonstrated a high degree of acetylation (2.5–3.0) and presented a white, water-insoluble substance with bitter taste. The FTIR and NMR spectra confirmed esterification and demonstrated the incorporation of hydrophobic residue to the water soluble inulin backbone. Swelling capacity, water holding, oil-holding capacities, the foamability, foam stability and emulsifying properties… More >

  • Open Access


    Ultrastructural effects of two phthalocyanines in CHO-K1 and HeLa cells after laser irradiation

    Marcelo de Castro Pazos*, Cristina Pacheco-Soares*, Newton Soares da Silva*, R.A. DaMatta**, M.T.T. Pacheco*

    BIOCELL, Vol.27, No.3, pp. 301-309, 2003, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2003.27.301

    Abstract The effects of Photodynamic Therapy using 2nd generation photosensitizers have been widely investigated aiming clinical application treatment of solid neoplasms. In this work, ultrastructure changes caused by the action of two 2nd generation photosensitizers and laser irradiation on CHO-K1 and HeLa (neoplastic) cells were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy. Aluminum phthalocyanine chloride, aluminum phthalocyanine tetrasulfonate chloride and radiation from a semiconductor laser at a fluency of 0.5 J/ cm2 (Power=26mW; λ=670nm) were used. The results showed induction of apoptosis. Such alterations where observed in HeLa but not in CHO-K1 cells after Aluminum phthalocyanine tetrasulfonate chloride (AlPcS4) photodynamic treatment. The Aluminum… More >

  • Open Access


    Modeling and Analysis of Global and Diffuse Solar Irradiation Components Using the Satellite Estimation Method of HELIOSAT

    Selmin Ener Rusen1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.115, No.3, pp. 327-343, 2018, DOI: 10.3970/cmes.2018.00159

    Abstract It is very important to determine the daily horizontal global, diffuse and beam irradiations correctly in planning energy systems, in cost analysis, in the atmosphere, and in the productivity evaluations. Besides, the knowledge of accurate solar irradiation is the most important component of the essential climate variables according to the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) in August 2010. It is known that the changes of these irradiation parameters directly affect our atmosphere and cloud formation processes. Turkey is one of the countries, which has high solar energy potential by reason of its climatic and regional factors. Especially, Konya and Karaman… More >

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