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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Investigation of Particle Breakdown in the Production of Composite Magnesium Chloride and Zeolite Based Thermochemical Energy Storage Materials

    Louis F. Marie*, Karina Sałek, Tadhg S. O’Donovan

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.10, pp. 2193-2209, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043075

    Abstract Composite thermochemical energy storage (TCES) represents an exciting field of thermal energy storage which could address the issue of seasonal variance in renewable energy supply. However, there are open questions about their performance and the root cause of some observed phenomena. Some researchers have observed the breakdown of particles in their production phase, and in their use. This study seeks to investigate the underlying cause of this breakdown. SEM and EDX analysis have been conducted on MgCl2 impregnated 13X zeolite composites of differing diameters, as well as LiX zeolite. This was done in order to study the level of impregnation… More > Graphic Abstract

    Investigation of Particle Breakdown in the Production of Composite Magnesium Chloride and Zeolite Based Thermochemical Energy Storage Materials

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Multiscale Modeling for Thermomenchanical Fatigue Damage Analysis and Life Prediction for Woven Ceramic Matrix Composites at Elevated Temperature

    Zhengmao Yang1,*, Junjie Yang2, Yang Chen3, Fulei Jing4

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.26, No.4, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09229

    Abstract Woven ceramic matrix composites (CMCs), exhibiting excellent thermomechanical properties at high temperatures, are promising as alternative materials to the conventional nickel-based superalloys in the hot section components of aero-engines. Therefore, understanding and predicting the lifetime of CMCs is critical. Fatigue prediction of woven CMCs currently involves long-term and costly testing. A feasible alternative is to use predictive modelling based on a deep understanding of the damage mechanisms. Therefore, this study develops a multiscale analysis modelling method for predicting the fatigue life of CMC materials at high temperature by investigating the thermomechanical fatigue damage evolution. To represent the global thermomechanical properties… More >

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Understanding the Micromechanical Behaviors of Particle-Reinforced Al Composite by Nonlocal Crystal Plasticity Modeling

    Haiming Zhang1,2,*, Shilin Zhao1,2, Zhenshan Cui1,2

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.25, No.4, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.08884

    Abstract Particle-reinforced aluminum matrix composites (PRAMCs) have great potential for application in aerospace, automobile, defense, and electronics due to their high specific strength and stiffness and good resistance to wear and corrosion. Achieving a superior trade-off between the strength and ductility of PRAMCs necessitates an elaborative control of the microstructures, like the size and distribution of particles, as well as grain size, morphology, and texture of the matrix. The multiscale interaction between the particles and the matrix’s microstructure is insufficiently understood due to the lagging of high-resolved in-situ characterization. This work proposes a nonlocal physically based crystal plasticity (CP) modeling approach… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Efficient Numerical Scheme for Biological Models in the Frame of Bernoulli Wavelets

    Fei Li1, Haci Mehmet Baskonus2,*, S. Kumbinarasaiah3, G. Manohara3, Wei Gao4, Esin Ilhan5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.3, pp. 2381-2408, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028069

    Abstract This article considers three types of biological systems: the dengue fever disease model, the COVID-19 virus model, and the transmission of Tuberculosis model. The new technique of creating the integration matrix for the Bernoulli wavelets is applied. Also, the novel method proposed in this paper is called the Bernoulli wavelet collocation scheme (BWCM). All three models are in the form system of coupled ordinary differential equations without an exact solution. These systems are converted into a system of algebraic equations using the Bernoulli wavelet collocation scheme. The numerical wave distributions of these governing models are obtained by solving the algebraic… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Near Term Hybrid Quantum Computing Solution to the Matrix Riccati Equations

    Augusto González Bonorino1,*, Malick Ndiaye2, Casimer DeCusatis2

    Journal of Quantum Computing, Vol.4, No.3, pp. 135-146, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jqc.2022.036706

    Abstract The well-known Riccati differential equations play a key role in many fields, including problems in protein folding, control and stabilization, stochastic control, and cybersecurity (risk analysis and malware propagation). Quantum computer algorithms have the potential to implement faster approximate solutions to the Riccati equations compared with strictly classical algorithms. While systems with many qubits are still under development, there is significant interest in developing algorithms for near-term quantum computers to determine their accuracy and limitations. In this paper, we propose a hybrid quantum-classical algorithm, the Matrix Riccati Solver (MRS). This approach uses a transformation of variables to turn a set… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Deep Learning Applied to Computational Mechanics: A Comprehensive Review, State of the Art, and the Classics

    Loc Vu-Quoc1,*, Alexander Humer2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.2, pp. 1069-1343, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028130

    Abstract Three recent breakthroughs due to AI in arts and science serve as motivation: An award winning digital image, protein folding, fast matrix multiplication. Many recent developments in artificial neural networks, particularly deep learning (DL), applied and relevant to computational mechanics (solid, fluids, finite-element technology) are reviewed in detail. Both hybrid and pure machine learning (ML) methods are discussed. Hybrid methods combine traditional PDE discretizations with ML methods either (1) to help model complex nonlinear constitutive relations, (2) to nonlinearly reduce the model order for efficient simulation (turbulence), or (3) to accelerate the simulation by predicting certain components in the traditional… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A CHEBYSHEV SPECTRAL METHOD FOR HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER IN MHD NANOFLUID FLOW WITH SPACE FRACTIONAL CONSTITUTIVE MODEL

    Shina D. Oloniiju , Sicelo P. Goqo, Precious Sibanda

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.13, pp. 1-8, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.13.19

    Abstract In some recent studies, it has been suggested that non–Newtonian fluid flow can be modeled by a spatially non–local velocity, whose dynamics are described by a fractional derivative. In this study, we use the space fractional constitutive relation to model heat and mass transfer in a nanofluid. We present a numerically accurate algorithm for approximating solutions of the system of fractional ordinary differential equations describing the nanofluid flow. We present numerically stable differentiation matrices for both integer and fractional order derivatives defined by the one–sided Caputo derivative. The differentiation matrices are based on the series expansion of the unknown functions… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A New Model for Network Security Situation Assessment of the Industrial Internet

    Ming Cheng1, Shiming Li1,3,*, Yuhe Wang1, Guohui Zhou1, Peng Han1, Yan Zhao2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 2527-2555, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.036427

    Abstract To address the problem of network security situation assessment in the Industrial Internet, this paper adopts the evidential reasoning (ER)algorithm and belief rule base (BRB) method to establish an assessment model. First, this paper analyzes the influencing factors of the Industrial Internet and selects evaluation indicators that contain not only quantitative data but also qualitative knowledge. Second, the evaluation indicators are fused with expert knowledge and the ER algorithm. According to the fusion results, a network security situation assessment model of the Industrial Internet based on the ER and BRB method is established, and the projection covariance matrix adaptive evolution… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hill Matrix and Radix-64 Bit Algorithm to Preserve Data Confidentiality

    Ali Arshad1,*, Muhammad Nadeem2, Saman Riaz1, Syeda Wajiha Zahra2, Ashit Kumar Dutta3, Zaid Alzaid4, Rana Alabdan5, Badr Almutairi6, Sultan Almotairi4,7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 3065-3089, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035695

    Abstract There are many cloud data security techniques and algorithms available that can be used to detect attacks on cloud data, but these techniques and algorithms cannot be used to protect data from an attacker. Cloud cryptography is the best way to transmit data in a secure and reliable format. Various researchers have developed various mechanisms to transfer data securely, which can convert data from readable to unreadable, but these algorithms are not sufficient to provide complete data security. Each algorithm has some data security issues. If some effective data protection techniques are used, the attacker will not be able to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Data-Driven Probabilistic System for Batsman Performance Prediction in a Cricket Match

    Fawad Nasim1,2,*, Muhammad Adnan Yousaf1, Sohail Masood1,2, Arfan Jaffar1,2, Muhammad Rashid3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 2865-2877, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.034258

    Abstract Batsmen are the backbone of any cricket team and their selection is very critical to the team’s success. A good batsman not only scores run but also provides stability to the team’s innings. The most important factor in selecting a batsman is their ability to score runs. It is a generally accepted notion that the future performance of a batsman can be predicted by observing and analyzing their past record. This hypothesis is based on the fact that a player’s batting average is generally considered to be a good indicator of their future performance. We proposed a data-driven probabilistic system… More >

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