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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CFD MODELING OF NATURAL CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER OF TIO2-WATER NANOFLUID IN A CYLINDRICAL CONTAINER

    Seyed Milad Mirabedin*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.7, pp. 1-6, 2016, DOI:10.5098/hmt.7.17

    Abstract This work focuses on numerical validation of natural convection heat transfer of TiO2-water nanofluids in a cylindrical container using COMSOL. The main aim of this study is to examine different available approaches to calculate effective thermal conductivity and compare them with experimental data available in the literature. Simulation results show that for considered mixture, average Nusselt number decreases by increasing Rayleigh number and particle volume fraction. It has been found that only one model was able to represent similar trends for given particle volume fractions, compared to experimental results. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    FREE CONVECTIVE MAGNETO-NANOFLUID FLOW PAST A MOVING VERTICAL PLATE IN THE PRESENCE OF RADIATION AND THERMAL DIFFUSION

    P. Chandra Reddy1, M.C. Raju1,*, G.S.S. Raju2, S.V.K. Varma3

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.7, pp. 1-11, 2016, DOI:10.5098/hmt.7.28

    Abstract The present analysis is focused on free convective heat and mass transfer characteristics of magneto-nanofluid flow through a moving vertical plate in the presence of thermal radiation and thermal diffusion. The water-based nanofluid containing copper is taken into consideration. A uniform magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the plate. The governing equations are solved by applying finite difference method. Numerical results of the fluid velocity, temperature, concentration, shear stress, rate of heat transfer and rate of mass transfer are presented graphically for different values of the physical parameters encountered in the problem. It is noticed More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC(MHD) STAGNATION POINT FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER OF UPPER-CONVECTED MAXWELL FLUID PAST A STRETCHING SHEET IN THE PRESENCE OF NANOPARTICLES WITH CONVECTIVE HEATING

    Wubshet Ibrahim

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.7, pp. 1-10, 2016, DOI:10.5098/hmt.7.4

    Abstract The study scrutinizes the effect of convective heating on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) stagnation point flow and heat transfer of upper-convected Maxell fluid p ast a s tretching s heet i n t he p resence o f n anoparticles. T he m odel u sed i n t he s tudy i ncludes t he e ffect o f B rownian m otion and thermophoresis parameters. The non-linear governing equations and their boundary conditions are initially cast into dimensionless forms by similarity transformation. The resulting system of equations is then solved numerically using fourth order Runge-Kutta More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mechanism of Thermally Radiative Prandtl Nanofluids and Double-Diffusive Convection in Tapered Channel on Peristaltic Flow with Viscous Dissipation and Induced Magnetic Field

    Yasir Khan1, Safia Akram2,*, Maria Athar3, Khalid Saeed4, Alia Razia2, A. Alameer1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1501-1520, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029878

    Abstract The application of mathematical modeling to biological fluids is of utmost importance, as it has diverse applications in medicine. The peristaltic mechanism plays a crucial role in understanding numerous biological flows. In this paper, we present a theoretical investigation of the double diffusion convection in the peristaltic transport of a Prandtl nanofluid through an asymmetric tapered channel under the combined action of thermal radiation and an induced magnetic field. The equations for the current flow scenario are developed, incorporating relevant assumptions, and considering the effect of viscous dissipation. The impact of thermal radiation and double… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Flow Breakdown of Hybrid Nanofluid on a Rigid Surface with Power Law Fluid as Lubricated Layers

    Mirza Naveed Jahangeer Baig1, Nadeem Salamat1, Sohail Nadeem2,3,*, Naeem Ullah2, Mohamed Bechir Ben Hamida4,5,6, Hassan Ali Ghazwani7, Sayed M. Eldin8, A. S. Al-Shafay9

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1485-1499, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029351

    Abstract This work investigates an oblique stagnation point flow of hybrid nanofluid over a rigid surface with power law fluid as lubricated layers. Copper (Cu) and Silver (Ag) solid particles are used as hybrid particles acting in water H2O as a base fluid. The mathematical formulation of flow configuration is presented in terms of differential system that is nonlinear in nature. The thermal aspects of the flow field are also investigated by assuming the surface is a heated surface with a constant temperature T. Numerical solutions to the governing mathematical model are calculated by the RK45 algorithm. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Computational Analysis of Heat and Mass Transfer in Magnetized Darcy-Forchheimer Hybrid Nanofluid Flow with Porous Medium and Slip Effects

    Nosheen Fatima1, Nabeela Kousar1, Khalil Ur Rehman2,3,*, Wasfi Shatanawi2,4,5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.3, pp. 2311-2330, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.026994

    Abstract A computational analysis of magnetized hybrid Darcy-Forchheimer nanofluid flow across a flat surface is presented in this work. For the study of heat and mass transfer aspects viscous dissipation, activation energy, Joule heating, thermal radiation, and heat generation effects are considered. The suspension of nanoparticles singlewalled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are created by hybrid nanofluids. However, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) produce nanofluids, with water acting as conventional fluid, respectively. Nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs) that describe the ultimate flow are converted to nonlinear ordinary differential equations (ODEs) using appropriate similarity transformation.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    UNSTEADY MHD THREE-DIMENSIONAL CASSON NANOFLUID FLOW OVER A POROUS LINEAR STRETCHING SHEET WITH SLIP CONDITION

    I.S. Oyelakina,† , S. Mondala,* , P. Sibandaa

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.8, pp. 1-9, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.8.37

    Abstract In this paper we study the effects of thermal radiation, heat and mass transfer on the unsteady magnetohydrodynamic(MHD) flow of a three dimensional Casson nanofluid. The flow is subject to partial slip and convective conditions. The traditional model which includes the effects of Brownian motion and thermophoresis is revised so that the nanofluid particle volume fraction on the boundary is not actively controlled. In this respect the problem is more realistic. The dimensionless governing equations were solved using the spectral quasi-linearisation method. This work aims to fill the gap in existing literature by showing the More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    EFFECT OF MAGNETIC FIELD INCLINATION ON MAGNETOCONVECTIVE INDUCED IRREVERSIBILITIES IN A CNT-WATER NANOFLUID FILLED CUBIC CAVITY

    Abdullah A.A.A. Al-Rasheda , Lioua Kolsib,d,*, K. Kalidasanc , Chemseddine Maatkid, Mohamed Naceur Borjinid , Mohamed Aichounib, P. Rajesh Kannae

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.8, pp. 1-10, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.8.31

    Abstract A finite volume based three dimensional numerical analysis is performed on the effect of angle of inclination of the external magnetic force on entropy generation due to natural convection inside the cubical cavity filled with CNT - water nanofluid. The governing equations are numerically solved by vorticity - vector potential formalism. The vertical walls of enclosure are differentially heated and the horizontal walls are adiabatic. The effect due to Rayleigh number (103 ≤ Ra ≤ 105), Hartmann number (0 ≤ Ha ≤ 100), angle of inclination of external magnetic field (0° ≤ α ≤ 90°) and More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MATHEMATICAL STUDY OF NON-NEWTONIAN NANOFLUID TRANSPORT PHENOMENA FROM AN ISOTHERMAL SPHERE

    CH. Amanullaa,b , N. Nagendraa,1 , M. Surya Narayana Reddyb , A. Subba Raoa , O. Anwar Bégc

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.8, pp. 1-13, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.8.29

    Abstract In this article, the heat, momentum and mass (species) transfer in external boundary layer flow of Casson nanofluid from an isothermal sphere surface is studied theoretically. The effects of Brownian motion and thermophoresis are incorporated in the model in the presence of both heat and nanoparticle mass transfer. The governing partial differential equations (PDEs) are transformed into highly nonlinear, coupled, multi-degree non-similar partial differential equations consisting of the momentum, energy and concentration equations via appropriate non-similarity transformations. These transformed conservation equations are solved subject to appropriate boundary conditions with a second order accurate finite difference More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MODELING OF FREE CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER UTILIZING NANOFLUID INSIDE A WAVY ENCLOSURE WITH A PAIR OF HOT AND COLD CYLINDERS

    Zoubair Boulahia* , Abderrahim Wakif, Rachid Sehaqui

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.8, pp. 1-10, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.8.14

    Abstract In the present work, natural convection heat transfer of Cu-water nanofluid inside a wavy wall enclosure is investigated numerically by using the finite volume discretization method. The study examines the effect of the nanoparticle volume fraction, the Rayleigh number, the wave amplitude, and the undulations number on the heat transfer rate. The results show that the heat transfer rate inside the wavy enclosure enhances by decreasing the wavy surface amplitude and increasing undulations number. It is also found that by increasing the volume fraction of nanoparticles and Rayleigh number, the heat transfer rate increases. More >

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